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Archive for the ‘Holy Quran study’ Category

Allah “is the manifest (zahir) and the hidden (batin)”

Wednesday, October 12th, 2016

Bearing the above words in mind, which occur in the Quran, 57:3, please watch the video entitled: "Dimensions: Cosmic Eye":

Starting from the eye of the girl, the view rises above from it, more and more, showing the scale of distance involved, till it reaches 10 billion light-years away from her. Then it zooms back in towards the girl's eye, and passing within it it magnifies ever smaller objects inside her, till the scale reaches 1 femtometre (10 to the power minus 15 metres). Presumably these are the largest and the smallest distances so far discovered.

Allah is the "manifest (zahir)" because He is the outermost, even beyond the largest known distance, and He is the "hidden (batin)" because He is the innermost, beyond the smallest distance known. He encompasses the largest distance from above it and the smallest distance from beneath it.

Now read at this link the explanation of Dr Basharat Ahmad, from the collection of his articles Basharat-i Ahmadiyya, about the words of the Quran: "He is the First and the Last and the Manifest and the Hidden" (57:3). He deals more with "the First and the Last", though.

In his Lecture Lahore, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad says about God:

"Being remote, He is very near, and being near, He is still far off. He is above all but still it cannot be said that beneath Him there is anything else, and He is the most hidden of all things, but it cannot be said of any thing that it is more manifest than He." (Lecture Lahore; Ruhani Khaza’in, v. 20, p. 152-153)

Ramadan 2016

Saturday, July 2nd, 2016

Here is the Ramadan Message by Hazrat Ameer Dr A.K. Saeed, Head of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement.

Welcome to the Ramadan Daily Quran Studies for 2016

(Note: Any new posts during Ramadan will be filed below this post.)

Prayers urged on LAM members for Ramadan by Maulana Muhammad Ali: English translation |  Urdu original

  • Fast 1 — Significance of fasting
  • Fast 2 — Fasting: Developing good qualities
  • Fast 3 — Fasting in Religions before Islam
  • Fast 4 — The month of Ramadan
  • Fast 5 — Fasting: Conclusion
  • Fast 6 — The quality of patience
  • Fast 7 — More on the quality of patience
  • Fast 8 — Women in Islam – 1: Their qualities
  • Fast 9 — Women in Islam – 2: Recognized as possessing intelligence
  • Fast 10 — Women in Islam – 3: Property rights
  • Fast 11 — Women in Islam – 4: Spiritual position
  • Fast 12 — Women in Islam – 5: Position in sight of God
  • Fast 13 — Women in Islam – 6: Reward for good deeds
  • Fast 14 — Women in Islam – 7: Husband and wife
  • Fast 15 — Women in Islam – 8: Marriage and treatment of wife
  • Fast 16 — Women in Islam – 9: A woman ruler in the Quran
  • Fast 17 — Honest Dealing
  • Fast 18 — Justice
  • Fast 19 — Justice – Truthful evidence
  • Fast 20 — Justice – Unbiased judgment, even in favour of enemy
  • Fast 21 — Qualities for Leadership – 1
  • Fast 22 — Qualities for Leadership – 2
  • Fast 23 — Qualities for Leadership – 3: Leaders must be above suspicion
  • Fast 24 — Qualities for Leadership – 4: Leaders to be gentle and lenient
  • Fast 25 — Quran presents perfect concept of God
  • Fast 26 — God: The One beyond all imagination
  • Fast 27 — God: The oneness of God — 1
  • Fast 28 — The oneness of God — 2
  • Fast 29 — The oneness of God — 3. What it gives us
  • Fast 30 — The oneness of God — 4. Depth of its meaning

Brief document on how the moon declines towards the end of the lunar month, with photos.

While we Muslims still insist on sighting the new moon by eye to determine if the new moon has appeared, a NASA spacecraft will reach near the planet Jupiter on 4th July. Please see this link.

Jupiter is at present 2000 times further from us than the moon, and man is able to send a spacecraft there with reamrkable accuracy! But we say we need to see the moon by eye.

Women as house owners like men

Friday, May 6th, 2016

The Quran instructs Muslims:

"There is no blame on the blind man, nor any blame on the lame, nor blame on the sick, nor on yourselves that you eat in your own houses, or your fathers’ houses, or your mothers’ houses, or your brothers’ houses, or your sisters’ houses, or your paternal uncles’ houses, or your paternal aunts’ houses, or your maternal uncles’ houses, or your maternal aunts’ houses…" (24:61)

Firstly, houses of males and females are mentioned equally here. Secondly, it shows home ownership by women. Now someone may say that houses of "your sisters" and "your aunts" might be owned by their husbands. But even if that were so, still your sister or aunt has the right to entertain you in that house.

But what about "your fathers' houses and your mothers' houses"? Each of the other pairs mentioned here (your brothers and sisters, your father's brothers and sisters, and your mother's brothers and sisters) would normally have a separate house. Thus the wording about the pair fathers and mothers indicates that someone's father and mother may own houses each in his/her own right. When you have the right to own property, it means you have all the rights of a human being to conduct your affairs.

In the UK, before the Married Women's Property Act of 1870: "any money made by a woman either through a wage, from investment, by gift, or through inheritance automatically became the property of her husband once she was married. Thus, the identity of the wife became legally absorbed into her husband, effectively making them one person under the law. Once a woman became married she had no claim to her property as her husband had full control and could do whatever suited him regarding the property" (see link).

Zahid Aziz

Lesley Hazleton: No 72 Virgins in Quran

Saturday, January 9th, 2016

Submitted by Rashid Jahangiri.

Lesley Hazleton, a British-American author in her Ted Talk tells audience that there is no mention of 72 sexually attractive female virgins in Holy Quran. This Ted Talk was given in 2010. I came to know about it today. I am happy to find that intellectual non-Muslims have started to see beyond the popular Muslim, and non-Muslim misconceived rhetoric about paradise mentioned in Holy Quran.

Lesley Hazleton: A "tourist" reads the Koran

Wikipedia entry:

The Exegesis of The Holy Qur’an: Commentary and Reflections by Allamah Nooruddin

Monday, December 14th, 2015

Submitted by Rashid Jahangiri.

A few weeks ago, a much awaited English Tafseer of Holy Quran by Allamah Nooruddin is published by Noor Foundation. It has two parts.

Part I: Reflections-Selected Pearls.

This part has 259 pages essays on different topics. Topics include:

Who is Allah? The Divine Essence. Self-Disclosure of the veiled reality. “We-ness”, “He-ness” and “I-ness” of Allah. Monotheism in its absolute purity. Four divine graces of mercy. Attributive names of Allah. “Light upon light”. Glorification of the All-sustained Lord. All praise reverts to Allah. What is worship and servitude? Supplications and its blessings. Ritual prayers of Muslims. Invocation and “Remembrance” of God. What is trust in God? Sainthood in Islam. Source of morality and the origin of evil. The Qur’anic concept of paradise. Divine punishment and concept of “Hell”. Notions of the Doctrine of “Atonement”. Dogmas of trinity and divinity. Dogmas of the “sonship” of God. Jesus of the Holy Qur’an. An invitation to the purification of souls.

Part II: Commentary-Selected Verses.

This part has 818 pages of commentary on selected verses of the Holy Qur’an. When a Qur’anic verse is quoted, only the relevant part of the verse is presented with its English translation. For complete verse and its translation into English, the reader is recommended to refer to the English Translation of the Holy Qur’an by Ms. Amatul Rahman Omar and Abdul Mannan Omar. 

Are these “Dr Mingana’s Leaves”?

Wednesday, July 22nd, 2015

Many of you will have seen the following news item: 'Oldest' Koran fragments found in Birmingham University.

When I read in this news item that: "The manuscript is part of the Mingana Collection of more than 3,000 Middle Eastern documents gathered in the 1920s by Alphonse Mingana, a Chaldean priest born near Mosul in modern-day Iraq", my mind turned to the section entitled "Dr Mingana's Leaves" in the Introduction of the English translation of the Quran by Maulana Muhammad Ali. I have extracted it and placed it at this link.

Please also read in this connection articles in the May 1915 issue of The Islamic Review, starting at p. 219 (link).

If these newly-discovered manuscripts are the same as those mentioned in these references, then what we have is that a hundred years ago these were used by a Christian clergyman, Rev. Mingana, to prove that the Quran before Hazrat Uthman had some differences with the Quran that he standardized which has been in use since then!

Dr Mingana co-wrote a book entitled Leaves from three ancient Qurans, possibly Pre-Othmanic, with a list of their Variants, published by the Cambridge University Press in 1914 (which is dangerous and poisonous from an Islamic point of view). Today I downloaded it and have for your convenience placed it at this link (14 MB).


For full details please see this link at the University of Birmingham website. It says:

"Consisting of two parchment leaves, the Qur’an manuscript contains parts of Suras (chapters) 18 to 20, written with ink in an early form of Arabic script known as Hijazi. For many years, the manuscript had been misbound with leaves of a similar Qur’an manuscript, which is datable to the late seventh century."

I have looked at the 1914 book Leaves from three ancient Qurans, and find that the manuscripts mentioned in it are from several other chapters of the Quran, but not chapters 18 to 20. So this would appear to be a different manuscript in the same collection of Dr Mingana.

Zahid Aziz

Ramadan Daily Quran Study, June-July 2015

Thursday, July 16th, 2015

Welcome to the Ramadan Daily Quran Studies for 2015

(Note: Other new posts are below this post.)

This year we will again, as in 2014, be covering the fundamental teachings of Islam, based on the treatment in the renowned book The Religion of Islam by Maulana Muhammad Ali. Last year, we covered topics relating to the sources and principles of Islam (Parts 1 and 2 of The Religion of Islam). This year we will be covering some sections from Part 3, relating to the practices of Islam.

I will be presenting edited and abridged extracts from this book under various topics, along with additions by myself. The book itself is firmly based on the Holy Quran, from which it quotes extensively.

Ramadan Message by Head of Lahore Ahmadiyya, Hazrat Ameer Dr A.K. Saeed.

Eid-ul-Fitr Message by Head of Lahore Ahmadiyya, Hazrat Ameer Dr A.K. Saeed, 16 July 2015.

  • Fast 1 — Significance of fasting in Islam
  • Fast 2 — More on significance of fasting in Islam
  • Fast 3 — Fasting in earlier religions
  • Fast 4 — Fasting: The month of Ramadan
  • Fast 5 — Fasting: Conclusion
  • Fast 6 — Prayer: Introduction
  • Fast 7 — Prayer: Humility
  • Fast 8 — Prayer: Its purposes
  • Fast 9 — Prayer: Means of purification
  • Fast 10 — Prayer: Ablution before Prayer
  • Fast 11 — Prayer: Its regulated form
  • Fast 12 — Prayer: The language of prayer
  • Fast 13 — Prayer: Significance of reciting Surah Fatiha
  • Fast 14 — Prayer and action: Those who prayed most, worked most
  • Fast 15 — Prayer: The Call to Prayer
  • Fast 16 — Prayer: Times of Prayer
  • Fast 17 — Prayer: Form and Spirit
  • Fast 18 — Prayer: Special Prayers — Friday, Tahajjud, Tarawih
  • Fast 19 — Charity
  • Fast 20 — Charity: Its recipients
  • Fast 21 — Charity: How to give

What is a reasonable basis of interpreting the Quran?

Sunday, February 8th, 2015

Submitted by Yahya.

I thank Zahid Aziz for reminding us of the Quranic verses which are critical of people requiring explicit and unconditional proofs or verses. I am reminded of an alim arguing that if Christ had died the Quran should have mentioned it explicitly and provided details of his grave.

The heart of the question is what is a reasonable basis of interpreting the Quran? I do hope and trust that Zahid Aziz will expand on this topic for the benefit of all of us.

Forwarding e-mails about “Islam in danger”

Friday, January 23rd, 2015

Frequently we receive an e-mail forwarded by some friend, who was forwarded it by some friend, who in turn was forwarded it by someone else, and so on and on, warning about some latest danger or plan against Islam and Muslims, and we are asked to forward it further to all our contacts and take this or that action. But the Quran says:

"But if any news of security or fear comes to them, they spread it about. And if they had referred it to the Messenger and to those in authority among them, those of them who can search out knowledge of it would have known it. And if it were not for the grace of Allah upon you and His mercy, you would certainly have followed the devil except a few." (4:83)

So the Quran gave us teachings about such situations 1400 years ago: Don't forward it because your friend or the e-mail says so. If you want to do anything, investigate its authenticity.

The Quran says Muslims should "believe and do good". One may say, as a joke, that "belief" to today's Muslims means believing in any e-mail forwarded by a friend. And what is a good deed (amal salih)? It is of course to forward the e-mail to all your contacts!

Women not “weak of understanding” according to the Quran

Wednesday, December 31st, 2014

Please consider the following consecutive verses of the Holy Quran (obviously the bolding is mine):

4:4 And give women their dowries as a free gift. But if they of themselves are pleased to give you a portion from it, consume it with enjoyment and pleasure.

4:5 And do not make over your property, which Allah has made a (means of) support for you, to the weak of understanding, and maintain them out of it, and clothe them and give them a good education.

4:6 And test the orphans until they reach the age of marriage. Then if you find in them maturity of intellect, make over to them their property…

4:7 For men is a share of what the parents and the near relatives leave, and for women a share of what the parents and the near relatives leave, whether it is little or much — an appointed share.

According to 4:4, a woman has the discretion to give a part of the mahr back to the husband at her pleasure. (In the Arabic original, "of themselves" is nafs-an, and "are pleased" is tibna.)

According to 4:5, the "weak of understanding" must not be given control of their property. It is in fact "your property" in the sense that you, the guardians, have control of it, for their benefit.

According to 4:7, when "maturity of intellect" (rushd) is found in someone then they must be given control of their property.

It follows, therefore, that women are not "weak of understanding", and have "maturity of intellect", otherwise they would not have been allowed to spend, out of their own pleasure and decision, the property possessed by them.

In 4:7 it is ruled that men and women shall both get a share from inheritance. Therefore a woman has the same ownership over it, as a man does over his share.

If it is true, as we understand, that in the law of Saudi Arabia a woman must always have a male as a guardian, in the same way that a child always requires a guardian, then that is against what is stated in the verse above.

Zahid Aziz