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English Translation of the Holy Quran with Commentary by Maulana Muhammad Ali

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Version 2.1 (13 October 1999)

Index of the Holy Quran: Web version


This index is a substantially expanded version of the index in the work The Holy Quran, Arabic Text with English Translation and Commentary by Maulana Muhammad Ali as found in its editions published since 1951 up to the year 2001. It has been incorporated in the newly typeset edition of this work which has been published in August 2002.

We publish below a version of the new Index tailored for the World Wide Web.

Essential notes for using this index (provided in Web version)

To use this index with pre-2002 editions of Maulana Muhammad Ali's work, the following points must be noted:
  1. A new scheme for numbering the footnotes has been introduced, which is quite simple to understand and use. A reference to a verse followed by a letter such as a, b or c etc. indicates a footnote in that verse, with a meaning the first footnote in that verse, b meaning the second footnote, c meaning the third, etc. For example:

    20:85a refers to chapter 20, verse 85, first footnote in that verse.
    2:51b refers to chapter 2, verse 51, second footnote in that verse.
    20:29-34, 29a, 48a refers to chapter 20, verses 29 to 34, and also to verse 29, first footnote, and verse 48, first footnote.
    2:260, 260a refers to chapter 2, verse 260, and also the first footnote to verse 260.
    7:150, 151a refers to chapter 7, verse 150, and also the first footnote to verse 151.

  2. Verse numbering in chapters 3, 6, and 4: The verse numbering used in this Index for most of chapter 3 and chapter 6 differs by 1 from that in the pre-2002 editions. This change was made to bring our numbering into line with that used in most translations. The details are as follows:

    In chapter 3, verse 3 of the pre-2002 editions is now treated as being two verses, 3 and 4. Therefore, verses 4 to 199 of chapter 3 are now numbered as verses 5 to 200.

    In chapter 6, verses 73 and 74 of the pre-2002 editions are now treated as a single verse, 73. Therefore, verses 75 to 166 of chapter 6 are now numbered as 74 to 165.

    In chapter 4, only the last 3 verses are affected. Verses 173 and 174 of the pre-2002 editions are now treated as a single verse 173. Therefore, the remaining verses (175 to 177) are now numbered as 174 to 176.

  3. A reference such as ch. 19 intro. indicates the introductory note of the specified chapter.

  4. In referring to notes which stretch over several paragraphs, an indication such as "2nd" has been added to direct the reader to a particular paragraph of the note.

  5. References to the 'Introduction' to the Holy Quran contained in Maulana Muhammad Ali's work are given by page number, for example p. I-26. These page numbers do not apply to pre-2002 editions; they reflect the page numbers of the Introduction in the year 2002 edition.

  6. Transliteration: Transliteration marks (such as a line over the letter a, etc.) have not been used in this version of the Index. However, the left and right single apostrophes (` and ') are used to denote the Arabic letters `ain and hamza respectively.
The reader's attention is drawn to the following headings of this Index in which reference is made to certain important subjects as dealt with in the Holy Qur'an: Allah, Civic Life, Human Soul, Intellectual Development, Knowledge, Man, Morals, Muhammad, Muslims, Nature, Prayer, Qur'an, Revelation, Science, State Polity and Women.
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Aaron Moses' request for help of, 20:2934, 29a, 48a; 26:13; 28:34; is made a prophet, 4:163; 6:84; 10:75; 19:53; 21:48; 23:45; 25:35; leader of Israelites in Moses' absence, 7:142; not guilty of making the calf, 2:51b; 20:85a, 90, 90a, 95; his excuse, 7:150, 151a. See also Moses.
`Abbas 9:19a
Abbreviations (Muqatta`at) 2:1a; explanations of, given by companions, 68:1a
`Abd-Allah the Prophet's father, 93:6a
`Abd-Allah ibn Shuraih 80:2a
`Abd-Allah ibn Ubayy 9:84a; 24:11b, 33c; 59:2a; desire of, to become a leader, 2:8a; deserts the Muslim army, 3:121a; funeral service of, 9:80a
`Abd al-Masih 3:61b
`Abd al-Muttalib the Prophet's grandfather, 93:6a; prayer of, 105:1a
`Abd al-`Uzza 111:1a
Abel 5:27a
Ablution 5:6; total ablution, when necessary, 4:43b
Abrahah 105:1a, 5a
Abraham entire submission of, to Allah, 2:124, 131; 3:67; 4:125; 16:120; 37:8384; made a prophet and model of virtue, 2:124, 130; 16:120122; 21:73; 38:4547; prophethood granted to descendants of, 3:33; 29:27; 37:113; 57:26; preaches against idolatry, 6:74; 19:4248; 21:5256, 6267; 26:6982; 29:1617; 37:8596; 43:2627; preaches against worship of heavenly bodies, 6:7583, 75a, 76a; 37:8889, 89a; breaks the idols, 21:5767, 58a, 63a; 37:9193; plans against, to cast into fire, 21:68, 69a; 29:24, 24a; 37:97; is delivered, 21:6971; 29:2426, 26a; 37:9899; controversy with a sun-worshipper, 2:258, 258c; is promised a great kingdom, 2:258a; seeks to understand law of rise and fall of nations, 2:260, 260a; expedition of, against king of Elam, 21:70a; sire of, 6:74a; asks forgiveness for his sire, 9:114; 19:47; 60:4, 4a; is the progenitor of Arabs, 90:3, 3a; prays for a righteous son, 37:100; given good news of Ishmael, 37:101; vision of, to sacrifice his son, 37:102, 102a; settles Ishmael near the Ka`bah, 2:126a; 14:37, 37a; prays for a secure city to be raised there, 2:126; 14:35; 90:1a; prays for Makkah to be made the spiritual centre of the world, 14:3738; enjoined to purify the Sacred House of idols, 2:125; 22:26; prays for a nation keeping up prayer to be raised in Arabia, 2:128; 14:37, 40; prays, with Ishmael, for a messenger to be raised in Makkah, 2:129; with Ishmael rebuilds Ka`bah, 2:127; covenant made with, 2:124, 124a; Place (Maqam) of, 2:125, 125b; 3:97, 97a; scriptures of, 87:19; messengers come to, 11:6970; 15:5152; 51:2425; informed of birth of a son, 15:5356; 37:112; 51:2830; and a grandson, 6:84; 11:71, 71a; 19:49; 21:72; 29:27; pleads for Lot's people, 11:7476; enjoins Unity on his descendants, 2:132; 43:28; severs connection with enemies, 60:45, 4a; an exemplar, 16:120; 60:4; to be remembered with goodness among later generations, 37:108111; Islam as the religion of, 3:67; Muhammad and his followers are nearest to, 3:68; faith of, followed by Muslims, 2:135a; 4:125; 16:123
Abrogation doctrine of, in the Qur'an, refuted, 2:106a; 16:101a; of previous scriptures, 2:106a
Abu `Amir 7:175a; 9:107a
Abu Bakr pp. I-26, I-57, I-59; 30:3a (4th); 36:20a; 54:45a; collection of the Qur'an by, in writing, pp. I-26, I-59, I-73 to I-77; accompanies the Prophet in his flight, 9:40, 40a; 22:58a; enjoined to show forgiveness, 24:22, 22a
Abu Jahl 27:48a; 28:56a; 37:62a; 96:7a
Abu Khuzaimah p. I-59
Abu Lahab 27:48a; 111:13, 1a, 3a; wife of, 111:45, 4a; her end, 111:5a; curses the Prophet, 26:214a
Abu Sufyan 5:54a; 8:5a; 16:75a
Abu Talib 93:6a; on death bed, 28:56a
Abuse must be borne with patience, 3:186, 186a; 20:130, 130a; 33:48, 48a; 50:39; 73:10; withdrawing from company of abusers, 4:140, 140a; 6:68; turning away from the ignorant, 7:199; 28:55; showing forgiveness in face of, 2:109, 109a
Abyssinia Muslims find a shelter in, 5:83a; ch. 19 intro. (3rd); 53:62a; flight to, 22:58a
Accessions made in war see Muslim Wars.
Actions each responsible for own, 3:30; 4:111; 6:52, 52a; 10:41; 29:12; 52:21, 21b; see Burden, Deeds, Evil, Good works, and Life after death.
`Ad tribe of, 7:65a; deities of, 7:65a; successors of Noah's people, 7:69, 69a; tallness of stature of, 7:69b; their punishment, 7:72, 72a; see 7:65a for full refs.; see also 9:70; 50:13
Adam created to rule on earth, 2:30, 30b; is created from dust, 3:59, 59a; 7:12a; 15:28, 27a; 17:61; 38:71, 71a; is taught the names, 2:31, 31b; is made complete and granted inspiration, 15:29; 38:72; angels ordered to make submission to, 2:34, 34a; 7:11; 15:2829; 17:61; 18:50; 20:116; 38:72, 71a; Iblis refuses to submit to, 2:34; 7:11; 15:31; 17:61; 18:50; 20:116; 38:7374; is made to live in the garden with Eve, 2:35, 35a; 7:19; 20:117119, 119a; both forbidden to approach the tree, 2:35, 35c; 7:19; is misled by the devil, 2:36; 7:2022; 20:120121; result of tasting the tree, 7:22, 22a; 20:121, 121a; clothing of which he was divested, 7:27a; new condition in which he is placed, 2:36b; fault of, due to forgetting, 20:115, 115a; is made conscious of the fault, 7:22a; repentance of, 2:37, 37a; 7:23; excels the whole creation, 2:34, 34a; allegorical nature of the story of, 2:30b; 20:121a; standing for man generally, 2:34a; 3:59a; 7:11a; as a prototype of the perfect man, 38:71a; how Eve was created from, 16:72a; Adam and his descendants chosen, 3:33; two sons of, 5:2731
`Addas 16:103a
`Adi 5:106a
Adoption 33:4, 4b
Adornment 7:31, 31a; not prohibited, 7:32, 32a
Adultery punishment for, 24:12, 2a; light view taken of, in modern society, 24:2a; interdict against, 24:3, 3a; strong evidence required to establish the charge, 24:4, 13, 13a; preventives against, 23:56; 24:27, 3031; 70:2930; punishment for indecency short of, 4:1516, 15a; see Morals : chastity.
Æsop 31:12a
Agreement fulfilment of, 5:1, 1a; 16:9192, 92b; see Morals : true to promises; may be repudiated in case of treachery, 8:58, 58a
Ahmad prophecy about, 61:6, 6a
Ahzab see Allies.
`Aish 16:103a
`A'ishah 2:180a (2nd); 33:50a (3rd); 66:1a; 68:4a; slander against, 24:1120, 11a; the chief slanderer of, 24:11b
Alcohol see Intoxicants.
`Ali p. I-57; 2:180a (2nd); 22:58a; 38:24a; collection of the Qur'an by, pp. I-72, I-73
Allah proper name, ch. 1 : note b; is above limitations, 6:103; 42:11, 11a; has the best, most beautiful names, 7:180, 180a; 17:110; 20:8; 59:24; 16:60; 30:27; everything in universe glorifies Him, 17:44, 44a; 24:41; 59:24; 16:60; 30:27; everything submits to, 3:83; 13:15; 16:4849; 22:18; evidence for the existence of, 2:28, 28a; 7:172; 10:3135; 27:6064, 62a; 35:3, 1114; 40:6168; 52:3536; 56:5773
Unity of : is One, 2:163; 6:19; 14:52; 16:22; 21:108; 22:34, 34a; 37:4; 38:65; 41:6; 112:1; no god besides, 2:255; 3:2; 4:87; 47:19; 52:43; 64:13; not two or three gods, 16:51; 4:171; 5:73; has no associates, 6:163; 17:111; 25:2; has no son, 6:101, 101a; 17:111; 25:2; 112:3; see also under Sonship; error of ascribing daughters to, 37:149158; see also Feminine divinities; service is due to Him, 1:4; 13:36; 18:110; 36:6061; 39:6466; pray to Him alone, 1:4; 10:105107; 25:68; 26:213; 28:88; 72:1820; doctrine of Unity, borne witness to, 3:18, 18a; is the basis of all religions, 3:18b; inherent in human nature, 6:41a; Unity of law bears witness to, 21:22, 22a; declared by diversity in nature, 2:164, 164a; 13:4a; absolute Unity proclaimed, 112:14, 4a; see also Gods and Polytheism.
is Loving : 11:90; 85:14; loves those who do good to others, 2:195; 3:134, 148; 5:13, 93; loves those who turn to Him, 2:222; loves the steadfast, 3:146; loves the dutiful, 3:76; 9:4, 7; loves those who trust in Him, 3:159; loves the equitable, 5:42; 49:9; 60:8; love of, gained by following Holy Prophet, 3:31, 31a; loves and is loved, 5:54; created man out of love, 96:2a; to be loved by man, see Human soul : man to love God; is pleased with the righteous, and they with Him, 5:119; 9:100; 58:22; 89:28; 93:5; 98:8
is Merciful : (every ch. except 9th starts with this declaration); has ordained it upon Himself to show mercy, 6:12, 12a, 54, 133; most Merciful of all merciful ones, 7:151; 12:64, 92; 21:83; 23:118; mercy is preponderant quality of, 6:160, 160a; 17:54, 54a; embraces all in mercy, 40:7, 7a; 6:147, 147a; 7:156, 156a; all should rejoice in mercy of, 10:58; has created all for mercy, 11:119, 119a; none should despair of His mercy, 12:87; 39:53; mercy of, to wrong-doers, 3:128, 128a; two portions of mercy of, 57:28, 28a
is Forgiving, 39:53, 53a; 40:3, 3a; 42:5, 5a, 25, 30, 34, 34a; 74:56, 56b; 3:135, 155; 4:64, 99, 106, 110, 149; 5:101; 6:54; 7:153, 155; 12:98; 14:10, 36, 36b; 20:82; 25:70; 33:71; 53:32; 57:28; accepts repentance, ibid., and see also Repentance
is Compassionate : to all, 2:143; 22:65; to believers, 2:207; 3:30; 9:117, 128; 24:20
is Good to all, 2:243, 251; 10:60; 12:38; 27:73; see meaning of Beneficent, ch. 1 : note c
is Omniscient : knows all things, 2:29; 6:101; 24:35; 29:62; 42:12; comprehends all things in knowledge, 6:80; 7:89; 20:98; His knowledge covers heaven and earth, 2:255; 29:52; 57:4; knows unseen and seen, 13:9; 32:6; 35:38; 49:18; knows atom and less than that, 10:61; 34:23; 57:34; knows what is in hearts and minds, 2:235; 11:5; 29:10; 33:51; 35:38; knows suggestions of mind, 50:16; knows the secret and yet more hidden, the subconscious, 20:7; knows secret thoughts and open words, 2:77; 6:3; 11:5; 16:23; 27:74; knows the Hour and all in wombs, 13:8; 31:34; 41:47; knows every falling leaf, 6:59; knows secret counsels, 13:10a; 58:7
is Omnipotent : has power over all things, 2:20, 106, 284 etc.; 25:54; is Knowing and Powerful, 30:54; 35:44; 42:50; powerful to give spiritual life, 75:4, 4a, 40; 36:81, 81a; 42:29; powerful to change old order, 70:4041, 41a; powerful to send sign, 6:37; 23:95; powerful to chastise, 6:65; controls all, 4:85
is Omnipresent : nearer to man than life-vein, 50:16; is nigh, 2:186, 186a; 11:61; 34:50; is with you wherever you are, 57:4; 58:7; in all directions you face God, 2:115; none can hide himself from God, 4:108; is the fourth in every three, 58:7
is the Creator : Creator of all things, 6:101; 13:16; 20:50, 50a; 25:2; 39:62; none else can create, 13:16; 16:20; 31:11; 35:40; 3:49a (1st); created what you know not, 16:8; 36:36; created heavens and earth, 6:1; 14:32; 27:5960; created with truth, 6:73; 16:3; 29:44; not fatigued by creation of, 46:33; 50:38, 38a; see also under Heaven; as sending down things for man, 7:26; 15:21; 39:6, 6a; 57:25, 25b; Creator, Maker and Fashioner, 59:24; creation not instantaneous, 2:117b; 3:47a; see Evolution; Creator of man, 55:3; 39:6; see also under Man; creates then reproduces creation, 10:4; 29:1920; 30:11, 27; 85:13; Creator and Sustainer, 56:5874; Sustainer of all, 11:6; for other acts of creation, see under Pairs and Nature.
gives life and causes death, 2:28; 7:158; 9:116; 23:80; 57:2
above every need, 6:14; 29:6; 35:15; 39:7; 47:38; 51:57
man's relation with, see Human soul;
ever-enduring, 28:88; 55:27; ever-living, 2:255; 3:2, 2a; 20:111; 25:58; 40:65; the First, Last, Manifest and Hidden, 57:3, 3a; the Truth, 31:30; ultimate cause of all things, 6:1, 1a; pleasure of, exercised according to His laws, 74:56a; other attributes of, 59:2224; meeting with, 84:6, 6a; 36:81a; remembrance of, sets heart at rest, 13:28; coming of, 2:210, 210a; 6:158, 158a; no change in course of, 17:77; 35:43; 48:23; meaning of "in the way of", 2:154a; does not lead man astray, 2:26b; 9:115, 115a; 13:27, 27b; 14:27, 27a; 16:37, 37a
Allegiance oath of, 5:7, 7a; 48:10, 10a, 18, 18a; from women converts, 60:12, 12a
Allies Battle of, 33:9, 9a; assistance of angels at, 3:125, 125a; prophecy relating to, 6:65a; 38:11, 11a; 67:17, 17a; 85:4, 4a; prophecy fulfilled, 33:9, 9b, 22, 22a
Amalekites 27:39a
Amin Al-, Prophet known as, 6:33a; 10:16a; 68:4a; 81:21a
Aminah the Prophet's mother, 93:6a
`Ammar son of Yasir, 16:106a
Amran 3:33, 33a, 35, 35a
`Amr ibn Lohay 71:23a
`Amr ibn Salamah p. I-62
Ancient House (Ka`bah) 22:29, 29a; see Ka`bah.
Angels significance of belief in, 2:177b; as bearers of messages, 2:30a; existence of, 2:30a; Allah's speaking to, 2:30a; submit to Adam, see Adam; opponents' demands for coming of, 6:8, 8a; 15:78, 8a; 25:2122, 21a; 17:9495; meaning of coming of, 2:210, 210a; 6:111, 111a, 158, 158a; 16:33, 33a; could not be messengers to people, 6:89, 9a; assistance of, 3:123125, 124a; 8:910, 10a; 33:9, 9c; make believers firm, 8:12; ask forgiveness for people, 40:79; 42:5, 5a; coming of, with inspiration, 16:2, 2a; descend upon believers, 41:3031, 31a; coming with revelation to the Holy Prophet, 19:64, 64a; guardian angels, 13:11, 11a; recording angels, 82:1012, 12a; the wings of, 35:1, 1a; looked upon as female divinities and called daughters of Allah, 37:149159, 158a; 43:16, 16a, 19, 18a; 53:2728, 27a; 17:40; and see Feminine divinities.
Animals benefits for man in use of, 16:58, 66, 80; 23:2122; 36:7172; 40:7980, 80a; 43:1213; 5:4; 6:142, 142a; 39:6, 6a; welfare of, 4:36b; 6:118a; 51:19a; slaughter of, see Food.
Ansar and Muhajirin 8:72, 72a; 9:100, 100a, 117; 59:89, 8a, 9a; muhajir women, 60:1012, 10a
Antichrist 18:1a; 40:57a; shall not enter Makkah, 3:97a
Apostates 2:217; 5:54, 54a; were not put to death or punished, 2:217b
`Aqabah oath of allegiance taken at, 5:7a; 22:39a; 48:10a
`Aqbah ibn Abi Mu`ait 27:48a
Arabia Prophet to appear in, 2:124a; mentioned in Bible, 2:125c, 144b; subjugated to the Prophet temporally and spiritually, 27:87a; granting of life to, 29:63, 63a; insecurity in, 29:67, 67a; towns destroyed on borders of, 46:2728, 27a; prophecy of its regeneration and subjugation fulfilled, 110:1a; transformation of, 2:129a
Arabs wonderful memories of, p. I-60; better followers of truth than Jews and Christians, 6:156157; bearers of Prophet's message to other nations, 16:89, 89a; called Ummi, 7:157a; made masters of mighty empires, 18:31, 31a; to be raised to eminence through the Prophet, 84:18a; Bible prophecy about, 26:199a; Abraham was progenitor of, 90:3, 3a
pre-Islamic Arabs : in a state of mutual warfare, 3:103, 103b; compelled wives to obtain divorce, 2:231a; denied inheritance to women and children, 4:7a; 89:19, 19a; took women as heritage, 4:19, 19a; married mothers, 4:22; causing injury to women, 4:19b, 20a; custom of zihar among, see Zihar; deciding important affairs by arrows, 5:3c; liberating animals in honour of idols, 5:103, 103a; setting apart part of produce for idols, 6:136a; making sacrifice to idols, 6:137, 137a; superstitions of, 2:189b; 6:138139, 143a; auguring evil from birds, 7:131a; 17:13a; practice of postponing pilgrimage, 9:36, 36a; birth of daughter regarded a misfortune, 16:5859; 43:17; 42:50a; buried daughters alive, 6:137, 137a, 140; 16:59, 59a; 81:9a; powerful tribes set agreements at naught, 16:92, 92b; denied resurrection, 17:51a; denied beneficence of God, 17:110, 110a; 21:36, 36a; 25:60; prostitution among, 24:33c; killed each other for trivial offences, 42:40a; belief in astrologers (q.v.), 52:38a; brought idols from Syria, 71:23a; belief of, that devils listen by stealth, 81:25a; evil of drink among, 2:219a; fairs for trading purposes, 2:198a; boastful gatherings, 2:200a; see also Polytheists.
A`rab (desert Arabs), 9:90, 90b, 9799, 101; 48:1112; 49:1417
A`raf 7:4647, 46b
Aram 89:7, 7a
Ark the, 2:248a, 248c; for Noah's ark see Noah.
Arrows used to divide flesh of animals and for divining purposes, 5:3, 3c; dividing by, forbidden, 5:90
`Arsh 7:54b; 11:7a; bearers of, 40:7, 7a; 69:17, 17a
Asad 4:91a
Ascension (Mi`raj) of the Prophet, ch. 17 intro., 17:1, 60; a spiritual experience, 17:1a, 60b; signified his future triumph, 17:1a, 60b
Ashab see Muhammad : Companions of.
Ashab al-fil 105:1a
Asma' daughter of Nu`man Kindi, 33:49a
Astrologers 52:38a; 67:5a; 72:8a; see Soothsayers.
Atom see Science.
Atonement refutation of the doctrine of, 5:18, 18b; 6:164, 164a; 17:15, 15a; contradicted by Lord's prayer, 19:92a; how sins are forgiven, 29:7, 7a; see also Burden.
Aus and Khazraj tribes of, quarrel between, 2:85b; 49:9a
Azar 6:74, 74a
`Aziz (al-) 12:30, 30a

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Backbiting 49:12
Badr prophecies relating to battle of, in Bible, 3:13a; in the Qur'an, 8:7, 7b, 11a, 42e; 25:2527, 25a, 27a; 30:5a; 34:26a; 44:16, 16a; 54:4448, 45a, 46a, 48a; 64:910; 78:1820, 20a; prophecy as to when it will take place, 34:30, 30a; appointed time of punishment of enemy, 18:58, 58a; force of persecution to be broken at, 20:128130; enemy demanded a judgment in the battle of, 8:19, 19a; afforded a distinction, 2:53a; 8:41; sign in the battle of, 3:13; numbers of the opposing sides, 3:13a; Divine help at, 3:123; 8:9; encounter necessary to manifest truth, 8:68; Muslims not to meet invading army at, 8:5a; position of, and encounter at, 8:5a; Muslims strengthened at, 8:11, 11a; Allah's hand in the fighting at, 8:17, 17a; situation of parties at, 8:42, 42a; as a proof of truth, 8:42, 42e; unbelievers marching to, in exultation, 8:4748, 47a; how unbelievers were smitten at, 8:5051; release of prisoners at, 8:67a; prisoners of war at, to be released, 8:70; Quraish leaders slain at, 27:48a
Badr al-Sughra 3:173175, 174a
Bai`at al-`Aqabah see `Aqabah.
Bai`at al-ridwan 48:10a
Bakkah 3:96, 96a
Ba`l 37:125, 125a
Bal`am 7:175a
Balance the, of good deeds, 7:89, 8a; 23:102103, 102a; 101:69; 21:47; as meaning measure and justice, 42:17, 17a; 55:79, 7a; 57:25, 25a
Bani `Abd al-Muttalib 8:41a
Bani Bakr 9:15a
Bani Damrah 9:4a
Bani Ghanam 9:107a
Bani Harithah 3:122a
Bani Hashim 8:41a Bani Kananah, 9:4a
Bani Mudlaj 4:90a
Bani Mustaliq 33:50a; 47:4a
Bani Nadir 2:85a, 85b; 5:11a; 33:9a; banishment of, ch. 59 intro., 59:2, 2a; destroyed their own houses, 59:2, 2b
Bani Qainuqa` 59:15a
Bani Quraizah 2:85a, 85b; 33:9a; treachery of, 33:26, 26a; besieged, 33:26a; punishment of, 33:2627, 26a
Bani Salimah 3:122a
Bani Tamim ch. 49 intro. (2nd)
Banks interest on deposits in, 2:279a; see Usury.
Baptism the Divine, 2:138, 138a
Barzakh 23:100, 100a
Begging disapproved, 2:273, 273c
Belief fundamental beliefs of Islam, 2:34, 3a, 4a, 4b; 2:177, 177b, 177c; 2:285, 285a; 4:136; significance given to, in Islam, 2:177b; belief in Allah and all revelation, 2:136, 136a; and see under Revelation; in Allah and all messengers, 4:152; and see under Prophets; in Allah and Prophet, 7:158; 47:2; 57:7; 61:11; 64:8; in Allah and Last Day or Hereafter, 2:4b, 8, 62, 62b, 126; 4:39; 9:99; novices in belief, 49:14, 14a; waverers in, 4:137, 137a, 137b; true believers, 8:24, 74; 9:111112; 23:111; 32:1516; 49:15; spiritual distinctions promised to, 8:29; 10:2; 14:27; 39:3335; 46:16; 48:5; 58:11; see also Faith and Good works.
Benjamin Joseph's brother, 12:76b
Bequest for charitable purposes, 2:180; law of, not abrogated, 2:180a, 182; 2:240, 240a; 4:1112, 11b; 5:106
Bible not a full or trustworthy record of Israelite history, 2:249a; silence of, on resurrection, 10:37a; as a guidance is second to Qur'an, 28:49a; corruption of, 2:75, 75a, 79, 79a; 3:7778, 78a; 4:46, 46a; 5:13, 4447, 44a44c, 46a, 48a, 68, 68a; for differences with Qur'an, see Qur'an; see also Gospel and Torah; for prophecies about Prophet in, see Muhammad : Prophecies about.
Bilal 16:106a
Birds as indicating ill-luck, 7:131a; as signifying vanquishment of enemy, 16:79a; 67:19a; in Abrahah's invasion of Makkah, 105:35, 5a; as signifying actions, 17:13a; significance of the speech of, 27:16a; subjugated by Solomon, 27:17, 17a; standing for cavalry, 27:17a
Bi'r Ma`unah murder of reciters at, p. I-63
Bismillah ch. 1 intro. (3rd, 4th); omission of in ninth chapter, ch. 9 intro.
Black Sea the, 18:86b
Black Stone as a symbol, 2:149a
Blind and deaf metaphors used in spiritual sense, 22:46, 46a; 7:179, 179a; 8:22, 22a; 17:72, 72a, 97; 2:18, 171; 5:71, 71b; 6:39; 7:64; 25:73; 41:17, 17a; sealing of ears and eyes, 2:7, 7a; 6:46; 16:108, 108a; 45:23, 23a; 47:23, 23a; Prophet's rejectors do not see or listen, 7:198; 10:4243; 27:8081, 80a; 30:5253; 43:40; 21:45; 36:9, 9a; 67:10; blind compared with those who see, 6:104; 11:24; 13:16, 19; 35:19; 40:58; see also under Dead and Heart.
Blind the lame and the sick and the, 24:61, 61a; 48:17
Blind man incident of the, ch. 80 intro., 80:14, 2a
Bloodwit 2:178, 178b
Book as signifying laws of nature, 6:59b; 10:61, 61a; 11:6; 22:70; 27:75; 35:11; 57:22; as signifying previous revelation, 2:85, 177, 177c; 3:78; 5:15, 15a; 10:37, 37a, 94, 94b; 13:43a; Book of Deeds, 17:1314, 13a; 18:49, 49a; 23:62; 34:3; 36:12; 39:69; 45:28, 28a; 50:4, 4a; 54:5253; 69:1920, 2527; 78:29; 83:79, 7a, 1820, 18a; 84:715; and see Life after death : grows out of ; as signifying Qur'an, see Qur'an.
Book People of the, see People of the Book.
Books circulation of, prophesied, 81:10, 10a
Bracelets of gold brought to Muslim conquerors, 18:31, 31a; 22:23, 23a; 35:33, 33a
Bribery 2:188; 5:62a
Britain the first Christian Church in, 18:13a (3rd)
Brotherhood of man, see Humanity; of Islam, see Muslims.
Budail 5:106a
Buhairah the monk, 16:103a
Bull-worship 2:51b
Burden what constitutes a man's, 6:164a; each one to bear his own, 29:1213, 13a; 35:18; 39:7; 53:38; on the day of Resurrection, 6:31; 16:25; 20:100; 29:13, 13a; see also Actions and Atonement; imposed on man only to extent of ability, 2:286; 6:152; 7:42; 23:62; 65:7; prayer for relief from, 2:286; of law, lightened in Islam, 4:28, 28a; removed by Prophet, 7:157; of anxiety for humanity, felt by Prophet, 94:23, 3a
Burnt-offering 3:183, 183a
Bushra (Gospel) 23:50a

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Caesar prophecy regarding palaces of, 33:22a
Cain 5:2731, 27a
Caleb 5:23a
Calf the golden, 2:51, 51b, 54, 54a; 7:148, 148a, 152; 20:8797, 88a, 90a, 96a, 97a
Camels 7:40; 22:27, 36; prophecy relating to their abandonment, 81:4, 4a
Cave story of the dwellers of, ch. 18 intro.; and Inscription, companions of, 18:9, 9a, 13a
Charity regularized by Islam, 2:3b; as a basic principle of Islam, 2:177; 4:3637; 30:3839, 38a; 32:16, 16a; 51:19, 19a; 70:2425; to withhold is to deny religion, ch. 107; fruit of, 2:261; 30:39, 39a; leads to success, 2:274, 274a; not to be followed by reproach or injury, 2:262264, 262a; strong condemnation of giving in order to be seen, 2:264; 4:38; the Gospel injunction, 2:264a; for Allah's pleasure, 2:265, 265a; for love of Allah, 76:89, 9a; 2:177; only good things to be given in, 2:267; the things one loves, 3:92; open and secret, 2:271, 274; 13:22; 14:31; 35:29; for public welfare, 2:271a; object of, for public good, 2:272a; charity for non-Muslims, 2:272a (2nd); object of secret charity, 2:273, 273a; 4:114; various acts of charity : feeding the poor, 76:89; 90:1416; 36:47; 69:3334; 89:18; 107:3; caring for orphans, 4:56; 17:34; 89:17; 93:9; 107:2; and see Orphans; speaking kind words, 2:83, 83e; 2:263; 4:8; 17:23, 28, 28a; charity towards dumb creation, 51:19, 19a; contrasted with usury, 2:274276, 276a; 30:39, 39a
Zakat (Poor rate), as basic principle of faith, 2:110, 177, 277; 9:11, 18; 22:78; 31:25; 98:5; enjoined on Israelites, 2:43, 83, 83f; as enjoined by Islam, 2:275a; objects of expenditure of, 9:60, 60a
Charmers 75:27a
Chastity 24:2a; 4:24b; see Morals.
Children as a worldly gain, like wealth, 18:46; 17:6; 18:3940; 23:5556; 68:1314; 71:12, 21; as a source of trial, 8:28; 64:1415, 14a; no difference if one has females only or males only or cannot have any, 42:4950; no disgrace in birth of female, see Daughters; to be loved, 25:74; bearing and bringing up of, 31:14; 46:15; suckling of, 2:233; killing of, prohibited, see Infanticide; not to divert one from duty to God, 63:9; possession of, cannot avail against Allah and His Judgment, 3:10, 116; 26:88; 31:33; 58:17; see also Parents and Relationship.
Chosroes II 30:3a
Christianity based on wrong interpretation of allegorical statements, ch. 3 intro., 3:7a; belief in death of Christ on cross, fundamental doctrine of, 4:159, 159a; denies beneficence of God, 19:92a; self-contradictions of, 19:92a; connection of with cave, ch. 18 intro.; as Dajjal, 18:1a; history of, referred to in story of dwellers of cave, 18:926, 9a, 13a, 18a, 19a, 19b, 21d, 22a, 25a; early followers of were Unitarians, 18:14, 14a; as a persecuted religion, 18:25a; persecution of followers of, in Yaman, 85:4a; decrepitude of, before advent of Islam, 30:41a; saint-worship in, 17:57, 57a; 18:21d; early refutation of by Qur'an, 112:3, 4a; see also Atonement, Trinity and Sonship.
Christians (See also People of the Book.)
as leaving the middle path, 1:7a; how they can attain salvation, 2:62, 62b, 111112, 112a; love of life of, 2:96, 96a; 5:114b; commanded to fast, 2:183a; challenged to test truth of claims by means of prayer, 3:61, 61b; lodged in mosque by Holy Prophet, 3:61b; invited to common principles for mutual understanding, 3:64; take a man for God, 5:17, 17a, 72; 18:102, 102a; exceeding bounds in deifying a mortal, 4:171; only following earlier people in deifying a man, 5:77, 77a; 9:30, 30b; belief of, in Jesus as son of God, 9:30; 18:45; and see Sonship; worship of Mary by some, 5:116, 116a; take their religious leaders for gods, 9:31, 31a; 17:57, 57a; invented monkery, 57:27, 27a; try to control God's grace, 57:29, 29a; narrow views of, on grant of revelation, 16:84a; deny beneficence of God, 17:110a; how they can receive God's love, 3:31a; told of true baptism, 2:138, 138a; covenant with, 5:14, 14a; nearest to Islam, 5:82, 82a; humility of, ibid.; compassion in hearts of, 57:27; professing Islam, 5:83, 83a; prophecy of acceptance of Islam by later generations, 5:118, 118a; 18:99a; 21:97, 97a; 72:3a; wealth of, contrasted with Muslim poverty, 18:3244, 32a; lethargy of, in early history, 18:18a; commercial activities of, ch. 18 intro., 18:19b; engrossment in materialism and neglect of spiritual needs by modern Christians, 18:102104, 102a, 104a; chastisement of, for pursuit of materialism, 5:115, 115a; 18:78, 8a, 99101, 99a101a; world-domination by Christian nations prophesied, 18:98a; 21:9697, 96b; mutual enmity and hatred of, 5:14, 14b;
Christmas date of, taken from Persian cult, 19:25a; date not accepted by Qur'an, ibid.
Civic Life work and striving : no good work is wasted, 3:195; 12:56, 90; 18:30; striving shall be rewarded fully, 53:3941; for good and bad ends, 6:135; 39:3940; 79:3441; 92:4, 4a; striving hard even to meet the Lord, 84:6, 6a; going deep into matters, 79:15; reward of labourers is excellent, 3:136; 29:58; 39:74; earning of wealth, 2:267; 4:32; 30:23; 62:10; 78:11; travelling recommended to earn wealth, 34:18; 67:15; 73:20; wealth to be obtained from the sea, 16:14; 17:66; 35:12; from cattle, 16:57; from mountains, 16:15l8; 79:3233; trade to be carried on, 2:198, 198a, 275, 275b; 4:29; wealth not to be earned by false means, 2:188; 4:29; 5:62; earth is full of abundant resources, 4:100; 7:10; 15:20; inheritance of wealth, see Inheritance; proper use of wealth : wealth neither to be squandered nor withheld, 17:2629; 25:67; hoarding of wealth denounced, 9:34; 70:18; 104:13; see Niggardliness; to be given away for love of God, 2:177; to be spent for parents, offspring, kindred, needy and wayfarers, 2:215; 30:38; spending of wealth for others brings abundance, 2:268; see Charity; love of wealth, 89:1720; 100:68; diverts man from real object of life, 62:11; 102:12; attention drawn to higher values of life, 3:14; 18:46, 105; 57:2021; 63:9; honesty in dealing, 7:85; 17:35; 83:16; contracts, debts, security, 2:280, 282283; evidence, see Evidence; social relations with other communities, 5:2, 5; 60:8 Clothing, of inner piety, 7:26, 26b; purification of, as well as heart, 74:4, 4a; required of women, see Women; of evil-doers as symbolising punishment, 14:50; 22:19
Comforter spoken of by Jesus, 3:3b; 3:31a; 7:143a; 61:6a
Companions see Muhammad : Companions of.
Concubinage 4:25a; 24:32a
Constantine 18:25a
Contracts writing of, 2:282
Controversy principle of, 16:125, 125a; 29:46, 46a, 46b
Counsel necessary in all important matters, 3:159, 159b; 42:38, 38a; see also Secret counsels.
Court of wards 4:5, 5a; see also Orphans.
Covenant of Allah, 2:27, 27a, 83a; 3:77, 81, 187; 6:152; 13:20, 25; 16:91, 95; 33:15, 23; 48:10; covenants with people, see Morals : true to covenants.
Cow slaughter of, in Mosaic law, 2:51b; sacrifice of cows, among Jews, 2:67a; worship of, ch. 2 intro., 2:67a
Creation see Allah : Creator, Earth, Heaven, Man and Science.
Cyrus 2:102f, 259a (4th); 18:83a

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Dabbat al-ard (creature from the earth) 27:82, 82a; 34:14, 14a
Dacoits (armed robbers) punishment of, 5:33, 33a
Daniel vision of, 18:83a
Darius I 18:83a, 90a; ch. 18 intro.
Daughters (See also Children and Parents.)
given by God, just like sons, 42:4950, 50a; condemnation of those who feel ashamed at birth of, 16:5859, 59a; 43:17; killing of, at birth, among pre-Islamic Arabs, see under Arabs; idolators' ascribing of, to God, see under Angels and Feminine divinities.
David kills Goliath and is made king, 2:251, 251a; made a prophet and granted scripture, 4:163, 164a; 6:84; 17:55; granted wisdom, knowledge and judgment, 2:251; 21:7879; 27:15; 38:20; curses Israelites, 5:78, 78a; curses his enemies, 17:55a; significance of mountains and birds being made subservient to, 21:79, 79a; 34:10, 10a; 38:1719; making of coats of mail by, 21:80, 80a; 34:11, 11a; iron made pliant to, 34:1011, 10b; and the two litigants, 38:2126; false charge against, 38:24a; sings praises of the Holy Prophet, 2:253a
Day meaning of, 1:3b; as equal to a thousand years, 22:47; 32:5; of fifty thousand years, 70:4, 4a; see Heaven for creation in six periods; days of Allah, 14:5, 5a; 45:14, 14a
Day and night alternation of, 2:164; 3:190; 10:6; one passing into the other, 3:27; 22:61; 25:62; 31:29; benefits of the two, 28:7173; 30:23; 40:61; 78:1011
Day the Last, (see also Belief, Hour and Life after Death), of Judgment and Requital, 1:3, 3b; 26:82; 37:2021; 51:1214; 56:56; 82:1519; of Gathering, 42:7; 64:9; of Reckoning, 14:41; 38:16, 26
of Resurrection : God will judge differences of religion on, 2:113; 10:93; 16:92, 124; 22:17, 17a, 69; 45:17; happy position of believers on, 2:212; 3:185; 7:32, 32b; punishment for evil-doers on, 2:174; 3:180; 11:98; 16:25, 27; 17:97; 18:105; 20:100102, 124127; 22:9; justice done on, 3:161; deeds brought before man on, 17:1314; relationships will not avail on, see Relationship; see also 7:172; 19:95; 23:16; 28:61; 30:56; 39:15; 75:613
Dead the physically, cannot return to life in this world, 21:95, 95a; 23:100, 100a; 39:42, 42a; the spiritually dead, 27:80, 80a; 30:52; 35:22, 22a; as speaking, 6:111, 111a; raising of, to life, 6:36, 36a, 122, 122a; 13:31a; 22:7, 7a; 30:19, 19a; 41:39, 39a; 75:40, 40a; dead nations raised to life, 2:258260, 258b260a; those killed in Allah's way, not dead, 2:154, 154a; 3:169170; reward of, 3:156158; 4:74; 22:5859
Deafness spiritual, 31:7; 41:44; see also Blind and deaf and Heart.
Death man must face, see Man; see also Dead and Life after death.
Debts see Usury.
Decius 18:13a
Deeds (See also Actions and Good works.)
all bear results, 31:16; 99:78, 8a; 21:47; and see under Book of deeds and Life after death; how rendered null, 3:22, 22a; 7:147; 9:17, 69; 25:23, 23a; 47:1, 1a, 89
Defamatory speech 4:148, 148a
Defaulters 9:9098; 48:1117; ch. 83 intro., 83:16, 1a
Democracy see Counsel and State Polity.
Derbent 18:94a (6th)
Desert dwellers of, see Arabs : A`rab.
Devil the, in human form, 2:102a; 3:175, 175a; 8:48, 48a; 14:22, 22a; 22:3, 3a; as signifying leaders in unbelief, 2:14a; standing for wicked opponents, 23:97, 97a, 99a; evil-doers are forces of, 17:64b; as applied to foreign tribes, 38:3738, 38a; signifying divers, 21:82a; applied to soothsayers, 15:1618, 18a; 37:7, 7a; 67:5, 5a; as meaning a serpent, 37:65a; significance of disbelief in, 2:177b; creation of, from fire, 7:12, 12a; 38:76, 76a; sees man but man does not see him, 7:27; is open enemy to man, 12:5; 17:53; 35:6; 36:60; has no authority over man, 14:22, 22c; 15:42, 42a; 17:65, 65a; has no authority except over those who befriend him, 16:99100; 34:2021; friend of unbelievers, 2:257; 7:27, 27b; promptings of, cease to affect with growth of spiritual life, 7:14a; 15:36a; 38:79; stealing a hearing, 15:1618, 18a; compared to a coward, 17:64a; respited, 7:1415; 15:3637; 38:7980; made abject, 7:13, 13a; is disappointed, 7:16, 16a; misleads both Adam and Eve, 2:36; 7:20; 20:120; leads man to evil, 2:36a; 36:62; as a tempter, 7:17; 15:39; 17:64; suggests evil practices, 4:119120; changes the natural religion of man, 4:119, 119b; gives false promises, 14:22, 22b; 17:64; disowns responsibility for having misled, 14:22d; 59:16; sharing in wealth and children, 17:64c; threatens to mislead humanity, 15:39; 17:62; 38:82; sows dissension among people, 17:53, 53a; incites unbelievers, 19:83; descends upon the sinful, 26:221223; opposes prophets, 22:5253, 52a; causes mischief against the righteous, 41:36, 36a; makes evil deeds look attractive, 6:43; 16:63; 27:24; 29:38; 27:4a; 35:68; whisperings of, 114:16, 6a; struggle of, shall fail, 4:76, 76a; seeking refuge from, 7:200, 200a; 16:98; 23:9798, 97a; 41:36, 36a; visitation from, how guarded against, 7:201, 201a, 201b; party of the, 58:1820
Devil of the desert 8:11b; 38:41a
Dhu-l-Kifl 21:85, 85a; 38:48
Dhu-l-Qarnain 18:8398, 83a
Dhu Nawas 85:4a
Ditch the Battle of, see Allies.
Diviners 15:18a; 52:38a; 67:5a; 68:47, 47a
Divining see Arrows.
Divorce cannot be pronounced in menstruation, 65:1, 1a; to be resorted to only in exceptional circumstances, 2:227a (3rd); discouraged by the Prophet, ibid.; causes of, not limited, 2:227a (2nd); arbiters to be appointed as preliminary to, 4:35, 35a; witnesses of, 65:2; period of waiting, 2:228, 228a, 228b; 65:4, 1a; may be revoked twice, 2:229, 229a; must be given in case of dissension, 2:229b; full payment of dowry as a check, 2:229c; wife's right to claim divorce, 2:229d; not individual's right, 2:229d; when it becomes irrevocable, 2:230, 230b; liberality to be shown when divorcing, 2:231, 231b; becomes necessary if injury is caused to wife, 2:231, 231a; remarriage with first husband allowed, 2:232, 232a; provision for divorced women, 2:236, 236a; in case of ill-usage or desertion of wife, 4:128; before consummation of marriage, 2:236237, 236a; 33:49, 49a; abuse of, 65:1a; divorced women to be treated kindly, 65:12, 67, 7a
Dowry (Mahr given by husband to wife on marriage)
necessary to be settled on wife, 4:4, 4a; not to be taken back, 4:19, 19b; amount not limited, 4:20, 20a; remissible in case of Khul`, 2:229, 229d; when not payable in case of divorce, 2:236; when half is payable, 2:237, 237a; in former marriages with unbelievers, 60:1011, 10a, 11a
Dualism 6:1a
Dumb the spiritually, 2:18, 171; 6:39; 8:22; 17:97; see also Blind and deaf.

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Earth creation of, in six periods, 41:910, 10a; made after heaven, 79:30, 30a; seven earths, 65:12a; see also under Heaven; a resting-place for man, 2:22; 27:61; 40:64; 43:10; a wide expanse, 20:53; 71:19; 78:6; made subservient to man, 67:15; 2:29; 22:65; man grows out of and returns to, 71:1718; 77:2526; bringing out of treasures of, 99:2, 5a
spiritual transformation of : life given to, after death, 57:17, 17a; 7:57, 57b; 16:65, 65a; 22:5, 5e; 29:63, 63a; 30:19, 19a, 50; 35:9, 9a; 36:33, 33a; 41:39, 39a; changing into a different earth, 14:48, 48a; beaming with Divine light, 39:69, 69a; cleaving asunder of, 13:31, 31a; 50:44; 80:26; crumbling of, 89:21, 23a; and mountains, quacking and crumbling of, 56:45, 5a; 69:14, 15a; 73:14, 14a; stretching of, 84:35, 3a; inheriting of, by righteous, see Land;
earthquakes, as indicating great transformation, ch. 99 intro., 99:1, 5a; 79:6, 6a; as signifying war, 22:1a
East and West Allah is master of both, 2:115, 142; 26:28; 70:40; 73:9; Islam to illumine both, 24:35, 35a; meaning of facing, 2:177, 177a; two of, 43:38, 38a; 55:17, 17a
Eber 7:65c
Egypt Joseph sold in, 12:20a; vision of the king of, 12:43; interpreted by Joseph, 12:4748; Joseph abides by laws of, 12:76b; Moses' life in, 18:60b; Pharaoh's arrogant rule in, 43:51; Israelites pray in houses in, 10:87, 87a
Egyptians a superstitious people, 12:31c; gods of, 26:29a
Ela 7:163a
Elephant possessors of, 105:1, 1a; year of the, 105:1a
Elias 6:85
Elisha 6:86
Enoch see Idris.
Ephesus Council of, 5:116a
Ethiopia 18:60b; Luqman in, 31:12a, 19a; see also Abyssinia.
Eve see Adam.
Event the, 56:1
Evidence should be given truthfully without fear or favour, 4:135, 135a; 5:106, 106b; 6:152, 152b; 70:33; to be given justly even if it favours enemy, 5:8; sin of concealing, 2:140, 283; circumstantial, is admissible, 12:2628; for contracts of debt, 2:282; for divorce, 65:2; for charge of indecency or adultery, 4:15; 24:4; of non-Muslims, 5:106, 106a; witnesses not to suffer loss, 2:282, 282e; rebuttal of, by opposing evidence, 5:107; of ears, eyes and skin, 41:2022, 20a; of tongue, hands and feet, 24:24, 24a
Evil hampers progress, 83:7a; 91:10a; degrees of, 16:90a; consequences of, 2:81, 81a; 30:910; removal of, 4:31, 31a; 64:9, 9b; 2:271; 5:65; 8:29; 66:8; annuled by good deeds, 11:114; 25:70; should be repelled with good, 13:22, 22b; 23:96, 96a; 28:54, 54a; 41:34; requital of, 2:98a; 4:123; 27:90; 28:84; 37:39; 53:31; punishment should be similar to, 6:160; 9:35a; 10:27; 40:40; forgiveness of, 42:40, 40a; and see Allah : is forgiving and Morals : forgiveness; hatred for, 40:10, 10a; evil inclinations, not punishable if suppressed, 2:81a, 284a; 53:32a; doers of, must not be supported, 4:85, 85a, 105107; 5:2; 11:113; 24:16; see also Good Works.
Evolution, 1:1, 1a; 2:117b; 71:14, 14a, 17, 17a; 87:13; 22:5, 5c; travelling in earth to find first creation, 29:20
Exalted chiefs 38:69, 69a; 37:8, 8a
Exodus 2:243a
Exultation 17:37; 31:18
Ezekiel 21:85a; vision of, 2:259a
Ezra called son of God, 9:30, 30a

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Faith endeared to true believers, 49:7; impressed into their hearts, 58:22; heartfelt faith in God, 67:29; see Human soul : faith in God; increase in, 3:173; 8:2; 9:124; 33:22; 48:4; 74:31; not wasted, 2:143, 143e; possession of knowledge and, 30:56; the Crier calling to, 3:193; prayer for brethren in faith, 59:10; initial stage of, 49:14; forced denial of, 16:106; selling faith for disbelief, 3:177; those loving disbelief more than, 9:23; when faith does not profit, 6:158, 158b; 32:29; 40:85; when it does, 10:98, 98a; turning back from, 2:108109; 3:100, 106; 9:66; see also Apostates; light of, see Light; see also 6:82; 40:28; 42:52; 52:21
Fasting enjoined, 2:183; a universal institution, 2:183a; meaning introduced into, by Islam, 2:183a (2nd); those exempt, 2:184185, 184b; limits and requirements, 2:187; rigour of, under previous laws, removed, 2:187b; where the day is of long duration, 2:187c; brings blessings, 97:1a; as expiation, 2:196; 4:92; 5:89, 95; 58:34
Fatalism not taught by Islam, 10:49b; see also Predestination; necessity of striving to attain object, see under Civic Life.
Fatihah sublime ideal of, ch. 1 intro.; Divine attributes in, ibid.; as essence of the Qur'an, ibid.
Fatimah 59:7a
Fatrah ch. 74 intro.
Female slaves marriage with, 2:221; 4:3b; conditions for marrying, 4:25, 25a; must not be forced into prostitution, 24:33, 33c
Feminine divinities 4:117, 117a; 6:100; 16:57, 62, 62a; 53:1923, 21a; see also under Angels.
Fidk 59:7a
Fig 95:1; as a symbol of Mosaic dispensation, 95:3a
Fire Abraham saved from, 21:69, 69a; seen by Moses in a vision, 20:10a; burnt offerings, 3:183, 183a; parable of one who kindles, 2:17, 17a; from the green tree (photosynthesis), 36:80; illegal gain likened to eating of, 2:174, 174a; 4:10; in heart of man, 104:67, 7a; see also Hell; creation from, 7:12, 12a; 15:27, 27a; 38:76, 76a; use of, by man, 13:17; 56:7173, 73a Flight, the, (Hijrah), 9:40, 40a; 16:41a; 22:58a; 28:85a; 8:33, 33a; prophetical reference, 17:80, 80a; 25:54, 54a; 43:89, 89a
Food good and lawful things to be consumed, 2:168, 168a, 172, 172a; 5:45, 8788, 96; 16:114; of People of the Book, 5:5, 5a; moderation in, 7:31; forbidden foods, 2:173, 172a, 173a; 5:3, 3a; 6:121, 121a, 145, 145a; 16:115; allowed in case of unavoidable necessity, see all last refs.; reasons of prohibition, 6:145a; as affecting morals, 2:168a; forbidden to Israelites, 6:146, 146a, 146b; slaughter of animals, 6:118, 118a, 121, 121a, 142, 142a; 2:173, 173a; 5:3a, 5a
Forgiveness see Allah : is Forgiving and Morals : forgiveness.
Fornication 17:32, 32a; 24:2, 2a; 25:68; see Adultery.
Friday service 2:65a; 62:911, 9a
Furqan 2:53, 53a; 2:185, 185c; 3:4, 4b; 8:41, 41a (3rd); 25:1a

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Gabriel 2:9798, 97a; 26:193a; 66:4; 81:21a; 94:1a; conveys Divine messages, 2:87a; 42:51, 51a; see Spirit.
Gambling 2:219, 219b; 5:90, 90b; reason of prohibition, 5:91, 91a
Garden standing for success, 2:214a; 36:26, 26a; 55:46, 46a; see Paradise.
Ghanimah see Muslim wars.
Ghassan king of, 9:118a
Ghatfan 4:91a; 33:10a
Ghost the Holy, 2:87a
Ghulam Ahmad, Mirza p. I-11; 24:55a
Gideon 2:249a
Glastonbury England, 18:13a (3rd)
God see Allah.
Gods false : no proof of existence of, 6:19; 21:24; 23:117; 35:40; 46:4; and see Polytheists : have no authority; disorder if any existed, 21:22, 22a; 23:91; are falsehood, 22:62; 31:30; can neither harm nor benefit, 5:76; 10:18; 22:1213; 25:55; 39:38; do not hear or answer, 13:14; 18:52; 19:42; 28:64; 35:14; 46:5; 7:148; 20:89; cannot guide, 7:148; 10:35; cannot judge, 40:20; cannot avail or help, 6:40, 94, 94a; 7:197; 11:101; 34:22; 41:48; cannot create anything, 7:191; 10:34; 13:16; 16:20; 22:73, 73a; 35:40; 46:4; have no faculties, 7:195; cannot give life or cause death, 2:258, 258b, 258c; 25:3; 30:40; are slaves to laws of nature, 7:194, 194a; have no power, 16:73; themselves seeking nearness to God, 17:57, 57a; not to be feared, 6:81; the Prophet to dissociate himself from, 6:19; 10:104105; ch. 109; Muslims must not abuse, 6:108, 108a; see also Idols, Polytheism, and Polytheists.
Gog and Magog ch. 18 intro., 18:94, 94a; effigies of, ibid.; prophecy of prevalence of, over whole world, 18:9899, 98a, 99a; 21:96, 96a, 96b
Goliath 2:249251, 249b
Gomorrah 29:35a
Goodness degrees of, 16:90a; as goal of creation, 11:7b
Good works doing of is essential corollary to belief, 2:25, 25a, 82, 82a; 4:173; 7:42; 10:4; 13:29; 28:80; 34:37; 64:9; 103:3; success attained by those who believe and do, 20:7576; 24:55; 29:7; 35:10; 38:28; 41:8; 42:26; 47:2; 5:12; doing good to others, 2:112, 195; 3:134; 16:90; 29:69; 39:3435; 51:1516; vying with one another in doing, 2:148, 148a; 3:114; 5:48; 21:90; chosen ones must be foremost in doing, 35:32, 32a; feminine word for, 52:20a (3rd); help progress of man while evil retards it, 91:910, 10a; 92:510; doing of, benefits one's soul while evil harms it, 2:265, 286; 10:23; 17:7; 30:44; 41:46; 45:15; reward for, is good, 16:30, 97; 39:10; 53:31; 55:60; bring ten-fold and more reward, 4:40, 40a; 6:160; 10:26, 26a; 27:89; 28:84; 42:23; annul evil deeds, 11:114; 25:70; contrast between good and evil, 14:2426; 16:7576; weighing of good and evil, 7:89, 8a; 23:102103; 101:69; man's choice of, 90:10a; abide for ever, 18:46; 19:76; motive in doing is to seek pleasure of Allah, 92:1921; 2:207, 265, 272; 4:74, 114; 5:16; 6:162; 60:1
Gordyoei 11:44a
Gospel revelation of, 3:34; is the revelation of Jesus Christ, not of the apostles, 3:3b; significance of the name, ibid.; current gospels not the Gospel spoken of by the Qur'an, ibid. and see Bible : corruption of; as a guidance, 3:4a; as containing light and guidance, 5:44a, 4647, 46a; promises success for sacrifices made, 9:111, 111a; prophecies of, relating to world-wide conflicts and calamities, 18:8a, 99a; its doctrine of returning good for evil, 23:96a; 42:40a; gives good news of Holy Prophet's advent, 3:3b; 5:14a; and see Muhammad: prophecies about; see also 3:48, 65; 5:66, 68, 110; 48:29; 57:27
Gossip 17:36, 36a; gossip-mongers, 24:23, 23a
Government to be entrusted to fit persons, 4:58, 58a; government by parliament, 42:38, 38a; see also State Polity.
Grail 18:13a (3rd)
Graves those in, as referring to the spiritually dead, 22:7, 7a; 35:22, 22a; 36:51; 54:78, 8a; 70:4344, 44a; 82:4, 4a; see also Dead.
Grove dwellers of the, 15:78, 78a; 26:176; 38:13; 50:14
Guardian and ward law 2:282, 282b

H [Go to: Top || A  | BCDEF | G | HIJKLM | N | OPQRST | U | VWXYZ]

Hadith writing of, when prohibited, p. I-58; authority of, 4:59, 59a; called as Wisdom, 33:34, 34a; 2:151; 3:164; 62:2; Prophet as exemplar, 33:21, 21a
Hafsah 33:50a (4th); 66:1a
Hagar blessed, 2:124a; cast forth, 2:126a; 14:37a; 37:105a; monument of the patience of, 2:158a
Hajj see Pilgrimage.
Halal ibn Umayyah 9:106, 106a, 118, 118a
Halalah illegality of, 2:230b
Haman 28:6, 6a, 8, 38; 29:39; 40:24, 24a, 36
Hamra' al-Asad 3:172a
Haqqah, al- 69:3a
Harut and Marut 2:102, 102f
Hasan Prophet's grandson, 3:134a
Hawazin 9:25a; prisoners of the, 9:27a; 47:4a
Heart meaning of its being sealed, 2:7a; 10:74a; 16:108a; 30:59a; 45:23a; 63:3a; see also 4:155; 6:46, 110, 110a; 7:100101; 9:87, 93; 40:35; 47:16; veils and coverings on, and deafness in ears, 17:46, 46a; 18:57, 57a; 41:5, 5a; 6:25, 25a; blindness of, 22:46, 46a; 41:17, 17a; those not using it to understand, 7:179, 179a; 47:24; taking heed by heart and hearing, 50:37; hardening of, 2:74, 74a; 57:16, 16a; 5:13; 6:43; 17:51a; 22:53; 39:22; contentment and tranquillity of the, 13:28; 2:248, 248a, 248c; 3:126; 5:113; 8:10; 48:4; see also Tranquillity; a sound heart, 26:89; 37:84
Heaven (sama', physical heaven)
different significances of the word, in the Qur'an, 2:19a, 22a, 29b; a vapour, 41:11, 11a; a structure, 2:22a; a canopy, 21:32a; vastness of, 55:7; 57:21, 21a; 79:28, 28a; 88:18; significance of punishment coming from, 2:59b; coming down of portion of, 34:9, 9a; 52:44, 44a; sustenance coming from, 40:13, 13a; significance of reaching, 72:8a; rolling up of, 21:104, 104a; bursting asunder of, 25:25, 25a; 73:18, 18a; 77:9, 10a; 82:1, 4a; 84:1, 1a; 19:9091; 55:37; 69:16; commotion of, 52:9, 10a; removal of covering of, 81:11, 11a; opening of, 78:19, 20a; 15:14; 54:11; creation of, in six periods, 7:54, 54a; 10:3; 32:4; 41:912, 10a, 11a, 12a; see also Science and Allah : Creator; the seven heavens, 2:29b; 65:12a; 17:44; 23:86; 67:3; 71:15; called seven ways, 23:17, 17a; described as being full of paths, 51:7, 7a; raised without pillars, 13:2; 31:10; rotation of heavenly bodies, 21:33; 36:40, 40a; livings beings in, 16:49; 17:44; 19:93; 27:87; 42:29; 55:29; 65:12a
Hell nature of, 2:206a; who shall go to, 2:81, 81a; 23:103; not eternal, 6:128, 128b; 11:107, 107a; 66:8a; 78:23a; purges of evil, 11:119b; 57:15, 15a; necessary as a treatment of spiritual diseases, 66:8a; fitting man for spiritual progress, 101:811, 9a; a manifestation of spiritual realities, 39:48, 48a; 69:32a; 76:4; 104:7a, 9a; is hidden from the eye, 26:91, 91a; compared to spiritual blindness, 17:72, 72a; 20:124126; life in, begins here, ibid.; intense regret for evil done is hell, 2:167, 167a; a state of being gnawed by grief, 14:17, 17a; 22:22, 22a; being disgraced is, 16:27a; being debarred from the Lord is, 83:15, 15a; 3:8788, 88a; fire of, arises within the heart, 104:67, 7a; is neither a state of life nor of death, 20:74, 74a; 87:1213, 13a; a punishment corresponding to sin, 78:2130, 26a, 30a; as signifying the evil plight of the wicked, 37:68a; manifestation of, in this life, 14:49, 49a; 32:21, 21a; 40:77a; 54:48, 48a; 79:36, 34a; 89:23, 23a; as applied to punishment of this life, 29:54, 54a; 81:12, 12a; righteous shall not go to, 21:101102, 101a; only for the wicked, 19:6872, 71a; continuance of the punishment of, 4:56, 56a; seven gates of, 15:44; seven different names of, 15:44a; the parable of nineteen relating to, 74:3031, 30a; inmates of, call out to dwellers of garden, 7:50; covering of, 77:3033, 30a; various forms of punishment in, 11:106; 18:29, 29a; 21:100; 22:1922; 38:5658, 57a, 58a; 40:7172; 73:1213; 88:27
Heraclius 3:64a; 5:54a, 116a
Hereafter see Life after death, Resurrection, Hell, Paradise, and Day, the Last.
Hijrah see Flight.
Hind 86:3a
Holy Ghost the, 2:87, 87a; see Spirit.
Homicide see Murder.
Homosexuality denounced, 4:16, 16a; 7:80-81; 26:165-166; 27:54-55; 29:28-29, 29a
Hour the, as signifying doom of opponents, 6:31, 31a; 7:187, 187a; 16:77, 77a; 18:36, 36a; 19:75, 75a; 20:15, 15a; 22:1, 1b; 43:66, 66a; 47:18, 18a; 54:46, 46a; 79:4244, 44a; as signifying Day of Judgment, 21:49; 25:11; 30:12, 55; 40:46; knowledge of the, 7:187; 31:34; 33:63; 41:47; 43:85; as departure of prophethood from Israel, 43:61, 61a
Hubal 71:23a
Hud 7:6572, 65c; 11:5060, 89; 26:123140; 46:2126
Hudad 27:20a
Hudaibiyah truce at, was a victory for Muslims, 48:1, 1a; large increase in converts after, 48:3a; oath of allegiance at, 48:10, 10a, 18, 18a; terms of truce, 48:24, 24a; truce was necessary for safety of Muslims in Makkah, 48:25, 25a; Prophet's vision later fulfilled, 48:27, 27a Hudhud, 27:20, 20a
Human sacrifice 6:137a; 37:107a
Human soul Divine Soul is breathed into man.15:2829, 29a; 32:79, 9a; 38:72; purity of, 30:30, 30a; 95:4; 7:172, 172a; 14:22, 22c; 15:42; three stages in progress of, 12:53, 53a; 75:2, ch. 75 intro.; 89:2730, 30a; man to love God, 2:165, 165b, 177, 177d; 3:31, 31a; 5:54; 76:89, 9a; man pleased with God, see under Allah : is loving; faith in God, 2:256257, 257a; 10:9, 9a; 19:96; 33:47; 48:18; 49:7; 57:12, 19; 58:22; trust in God, 3:159, 159c; 9:51, 129; 11:88, 123; 12:67; 13:30; 14:12; 25:58; 42:36; 60:4; 65:3; refuge in God, ch. 113; ch. 114; 2:67; 7:200; 16:98; 23:9798; 41:36; contentment in God, 13:28; 57:23; 89:2728; meeting with God, 2:4546, 223; 6:31; 32:10, 23; 33:44; 53:42; 84:6; God is man's friend, 2:257; 3:68; 4:45; 5:5556; 6:14; 10:6264, 62a; 45:19; whom God loves, see Allah : is loving; whom God does not love, 2:190; 3:57, 140; 5:64; 6:141; 8:58; 16:23; 28:76; 57:23
Humanity oneness of, 2:213, 213a; 4:1; 10:19; diversity of, 30:22; 35:28; brotherhood of, 49:13, 13a; service of, 2:177; 4:36; 51:19; 76:89; 89:1718, 18a; 90:1116, 16a; ch. 107
Humility see under Morals.
Hunain battle of, 9:2527, 25a
Hunting by trained beasts and birds of prey, 5:4, 4a; game killed by shot, 5:4a
Hur 52:20a; see also Paradise.
Hypocrites detailed accounts of, 2:816; 3:154180; 4:60147; 9:38127; ch. 63; who they were, 2:8a; head of the, see `Abd-Allah ibn Ubayy.
evils of : practise deception, 2:9; 4:142143; false oaths of, 9:56, 62, 74, 9596; 58:1419; 63:12; dishonesty of, 4:105112, 108a; fears of, 4:77; 5:52; 9:64, 74; desire to run away, 9:57; break promise with God, 9:7576; 33:15; enjoin evil and forbid good, 9:67; do not accept Prophet's judgment, 4:6064; 24:4750; secret counsels of, 4:81, 81a, 114; 9:78; spread false reports, 4:83; spread evil reports, 33:6061, 61a; slander `A'ishah, 24:11, 11a, 11b; efforts of, to destroy Muslims, 4:113; 63:78, 8a; bear ill-will towards Muslims, 9:50; molest the Prophet, 9:61, 61a; their plots, 9:48; their carpings, 9:5859; their mocking, 2:1415; 9:65; they taunt believers, 9:79; their opposition doomed to failure, 4:115; 5:53, 53a; acting as spies, 5:41; seeking friendship with enemies of Islam, 4:139; 5:52; obey enemies of Islam, 47:2526; build mosque to cause harm, 9:107110, 107a
and battles : desertion of, at Uhud, 3:121a, 122b; refuse to fight, 3:167168; 4:77; 47:20; do not go to Tabuk, 9:4245; their presence a source of weakness, 9:47; are glad to remain behind in battles, 9:81, 8687, 93; false excuses of, 9:90, 94; 48:1112; show cowardice on account of strength of allies, 33:1220, 10b, 12a, 14a; refuse to bear hardship, 9:49; untrue to their promise to Jews, 59:1114
punishment of, from God, 2:10; 4:137139, 141, 145, 145a; 9:52, 63; 48:6; must be separated, 3:179; 29:11; 47:2931; their uncleanness increased, 9:125, 125a; their trials, 9:126, 126a; their hearts turned away, 9:127; their spending not acceptable to Allah, 9:5354; are cursed, 9:68; works rendered null, 9:69; 33:19; 47:28; their property and children a source of torture, 9:55, 55a, 85; are deprived of light, 57:1315, 13a; shall not be forgiven, 9:80; 63:6
how dealt with by Muslims, 4:8891; punishment given by the Prophet, 9:52a; not to be taken as friends, 4:144; relations with, cut off, 9:80a, 83a, 95a; prayer not to be offered for, 9:84; poor-rate not accepted from, 9:83a; not allowed to go forth with Muslims in wars, 9:83; 48:15; not punished with death, 9:84a; punished twice, 9:101, 101b; meaning of jihad against, 9:73, 73a; 66:9, 9a
those who confessed their faults, 9:102103, 102a, 103a; repentance of, shall be accepted, 4:146147; 33:24, 24a; a party of them pardoned, 9:66, 66a

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Iblis meaning of, 2:34b; stands for the powers of evil, ibid.; refuses to make obeisance to Adam, see under Adam; is not an angel but one of the jinn, 18:50, 50a; see also Devil.
Ibn Mas`ud copy of the Qur'an of, p. I-72
Ibn Umm Maktum 80:2a Ibrahim, Prophet's son, 66:1a; death of, 7:188a
Idols stones set up for, 5:3, 3b; practice of devoting animals to, 4:119a; 5:103a; superstitions of worshippers of, about cattle, 6:138139, 143144; offerings to, 6:136, 136a; 16:56, 56a; belief in the intercession of, 10:18; 30:13; 36:23; 43:86; bedecked with ornaments, 43:18, 18a; are only names, 12:40; 53:23; are only a lie, 29:17; filth of, 22:30; worshipped by Abraham's people, 26:7074; see also Gods, Polytheism and Polytheists.
Idris 19:5657, 57a; 21:85
Immunity declaration of, 9:13, 1a; necessity of, ch. 9 intro.
`Imran see Amran.
Incarnation doctrine of, refuted, 42:11, 11a; 112:4a
Individual responsibility doctrine of, see Actions and Atonement : refutation of.
Infanticide forbidden,6:152; 17:31; 60:12; as custom of idolators, see under Arabs; among civilized nations, 17:31a
Inheritance law of, 4:7, 7a, 1112, 176, 176a; only actual relatives to inherit, 33:6, 6b
Injil see Gospel.
Intellectual
development
(See also Knowledge.)
man urged to use reason and understanding, 2:73, 242; 3:190191; 6:151; 30:24; 45:5; 67:10; to reflect and ponder, 3:191; 7:176, 184; 10:24; 16:44; 30:8; 34:46; 59:21; 4:82; 23:68; 38:29; 47:24; signs in nature for those who reflect, 2:164; 3:190; 13:3; 16:1113, 6769; 30:2124; 39:42; 45:5, 13; see also Signs : in nature; blind following condemned, 2:170171; 5:104; 7:179; 9:31a; 31:21; 43:2223; condemnation of failure to use reason, 2:44; 5:58; 8:22; 25:44; 36:62; proof required to establish truth, 2:111; 6:143, 150; 27:64; 37:157; 46:4
Intercession 2:48b, 255, 255a; 4:85, 85a; 43:86, 86a; only by Allah's permission, 2:255; 10:3; 19:87; 20:109; 21:28; 34:23; 53:26; entirely in Allah's hands, 6:70; 32:4; 39:44; 40:18; see also Idols; for foes, 110:3a
Interest from banks, 2:279a; see also Usury.
Intoxicants prohibited, 2:219, 219a; 5:90, 90b; evil miraculously swept off from Arabia, 2:219a; 5:90b; reason of prohibition, 5:91, 91a; first step in the prohibition of, 4:43, 43a
Iram see Aram.
Iron 57:25, 25b; 34:10, 10b; 18:96, 96a
Isaac see 2:125c (3rd) for refs.
Ishmael (See also Abraham.)
2:125, 127129; covenant made with, 2:124a; blessed along with Isaac, ibid.; rebuilding Ka`bah along with Abraham, 2:127, 126a, 127a; 90:3a; settled in Arabia, 14:37, 37a; Abraham's prayer for, ch. 14 intro., 14:3941; 2:128; Abraham's vision of sacrificing, 37:101107, 102a, 105a, 107a; was a prophet, 19:5455, 54a; see 2:125c (2nd) for other refs.
Ishmaelites inherit Abraham, 2:149a; 4:176a
Islam (See also Belief, Faith, Muslims and Religion.)
significance of, 2:112, 112a; 3:19, 19a, 85, 85a; 4:125; 6:162163, 162a; 31:22; fundamental principles of, 2:34, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b; sublime idea of Divine Unity in, 9:62a; principle of brotherhood of man laid down by, 49:13, 13a; as an international religion, 2:213d; as the natural religion of man, 3:19a, 83; 29:49, 49a; 30:30, 30a, 38a; 34:6; religion of all prophets, 2:132; 3:19a; 42:13, 13a; accepts all the prophets of the world, 2:4, 4a; high ideal of, 6:162, 162a; a perfect religion, 5:3, 3d; 98:3a; compared to a seed sown, 48:29; 80:2432; carpings of enemies of, 3:186a; 33:21a (2nd); principles of, benefiting non-Muslims, gaining ground, 9:33a; 21:107a; propagation of, made obligatory, 3:104, 104a; 9:122, 122a; unparalleled tolerance of, 22:40, 40a; regularizes prayer, 2:3b; regularizes charity, ibid.; forbids compulsion in religion, see Religion : freedom of; inculcates humility in the hour of triumph, 2:286a (5th); 110:13, 3a; leniency of the martial and criminal laws of, 5:34, 34a; does not impose hardship on man, 2:286; 22:78; 2:185; 5:6; gives man scope to frame laws himself, 5:101102, 101a; recognizes a law being given to every people, 5:48, 48b; levels all distinctions, 6:52, 52a; superstitions swept off by, 2:189, 189b; 6:136139, 137b, 143144, 143a; introduces a new meaning into the principle of sacrifice, 22:3637, 34a37a; highly develops idea of resurrection, 24:24a; disallows vows of celibacy, 24:32, 32a, 33a; moderation inculcated by, 42:40, 40a
success of : opposition to, shall be brought to naught, 61:8, 9a; steady progress of, notwithstanding severest opposition, 41:53, 53a; progress of, at Makkah after the Prophet's flight, 60:10a; signs of the advancement of, 7:5758, 57b; prophecy that the Arabs would accept Islam and become a great nation, 68:32a; victories promised for, 48:21, 21a; prophecy relating to its experiencing great difficulties twice and being ultimately triumphant, 94:6a; world-wide triumph of, 75:9a; progress of, shall be hampered for 1000 years, 32:5, 5a; prophecy of its firm establishment, 32:5, 5a; prophecy of its spread in remote corners of the earth, 41:53a; prevalence of, over all religions, 9:33, 33a; 48:28, 28a; 61:9, 9a; sacrifices necessary for the triumph of, 2:261b; 61:1013; prophecy of establishment of the kingdom of, 5:52b; 24:55, 55a; 28:5, 5a, 58, 58a; 67:1, 1a; great future of, ch. 24 intro.; resplendent light of, 24:3538, 35a; light of, shall be spread in East and West, 24:35a; 95:3a; see also Light.
Israelites (See also People of the Book.)
History of : favours bestowed on, 2:40, 40a, 47, 47a, 122, 122a; 28:56; 44:32; 45:16; subjected to severe torment by Pharaoh, 2:49, 49a, 49b; 7:127; 28:4; 40:25; 44:3031; not allowed religious liberty, 10:87a; pray to be delivered from persecution, 10:8586; made to cross the Red Sea, 2:50, 50a; 7:138; 10:90; 20:77; 44:24; made rulers in the Holy Land, 7:129, 129a, 137, 137a; 17:104, 104a; 28:5, 5a; granted kingdom and prophethood, 5:20, 20a; refuse to march on Holy Land, 5:2124; in the wilderness, 5:26; go after false gods, 7:138, 138a; how raised to life after death, 2:243, 243a; make and worship a calf, 2:51, 51b, 9293; 4:153; 7:148, 148a; led astray by Samiri, 20:8597; repent of calf-worship, 7:149, 149a; not punished for calf-worship, 2:54, 54a; 7:152153; demand sight of Allah, 2:55, 55a; 4:153; cloud giving shade to, 2:57, 57a; 7:160; receive manna and quails, 2:57, 57b; 7:160; settling in a city, 2:58, 58a; depravity of, 2:58a, 59a; punished with plague, 2:59, 59b; 7:161162; ask for water in the wilderness, 2:60, 60a, 60b; 7:160; demand for food in wilderness, 2:61, 61a; abasement of, 2:61, 61d; twelve leaders and tribes of, 5:12, 12a; 7:160; seventy elders chosen from, 7:155, 155a; covenant of God with, 2:40, 40a, 83; 5:70; making of covenant and raising of mountain, 2:63, 63a, 93; 4:154; 7:171, 171a; break the covenant, 4:155; 5:1213; overtaken by earthquake, 2:55, 55a; 4:153; 7:155, 171, 171a; break Sabbath, see Sabbath; made apes, 2:65, 65b; 7:165166; made apes and swine, 5:60, 60a; incontinence of, 2:65b; cow-worship of, 2:67a, 71a; malign Moses, 33:69, 69a; 61:5, 5a; ask for a king to be raised up, 2:246; hundred years' death of, 2:259, 259a; try to kill prophets, 2:61, 61e, 91, 91b; 3:21, 21a, 112, 183; 4:155; 5:70; falsely charge Mary with adultery, 4:156; reject Jesus, 3:52; 61:14; attempt to kill Jesus, 3:54, 54b, 55a; 4:157; 2:72, 72a, 72b; believe that Jesus was cursed, 4:159, 159a; turn blind and deaf to truth twice, 5:71, 71b; make mischief twice, 17:4, 4a; cursed by Moses and other prophets, 2:159a; cursed by David and Jesus, 5:78, 78a; resettling of, 17:6, 6a; kingdom of God departs from, 3:2627, 27a; 4:53, 53a, 176a (2nd); 17:104b; 43:61a; prophecy of persecution of, by tyrants, 3:112, 112a; 7:167
evils of : incurring Divine displeasure, 1:7a; hard-heartedness of, 2:74; corruption of scriptures by, 2:75, 75a, 79a; 4:46, 46a; 5:13, 41; hypocrisy of, 2:44; ignorance of, 2:78, 78a; claim of, to exemption from punishment, 2:80, 80a; 3:24; 5:71, 71a; claim to be favourites of God, 2:94; 5:18; 62:6; insolence of, 2:88, 88b; love of life of, 2:96a; hate Gabriel, 2:97, 97a; look upon Michael as a patron, 2:97a; hatred of swine, 2:173a; forbidden foods to, 3:93, 93a, 93b; 4:160; 6:146, 146a, 146b; iniquity of, 4:160; take usury, 4:161; devour property falsely, 4:161; sinful utterances and doings of, 5:6263; treachery among, 2:85; 5:13; deny resurrection, 60:13, 13a; likened to ass carrying books, 62:5; the good among, 3:113115; 4:162; 7:159, 168
and Islam : invited to accept the Prophet, 2:40, 40a, 41a; hopes of, in the Promised Prophet, 2:89, 89a; recognise but reject the Prophet because not an Israelite, 2:8991, 91a; 26:198200, 200a; learned men of, know about prophecies relating to Prophet, 26:197; persist in rejection of the Prophet, 2:101, 101a; hatred to the Prophet, 2:104, 104a; plans against the Prophet, 2:61e, 87, 87b; 3:2122, 21a; 5:27a, 32a; alliance of, with the Prophet, 2:84a; two tribes of, betray alliance and punished for backing enemy, 33:2627, 26a; 59:24, 2a; given a chance at the Prophet's advent, 17:8, 8a; their law abrogated by Islam, 2:106, 106a; plots of, to make Muslims apostatize, 3:72, 72a; acting as spies, 5:41; hypocritical towards Muslims, 2:76, 76a; 5:61; call Allah poor, 3:181, 181a; mock Muslims for raising subscriptions for national defence, 5:64, 64a; do not like good to befall Muslims, 2:105, 105a; worship Arab idols, 4:51, 51a; befriend idolaters, 5:8081; most stern in hatred towards Islam, 5:82; Muslims should pardon and forgive, 2:109, 109a; 5:13; Jewish wife of Prophet taunted and Prophet's reply, 19:28a I`tikaf, 2:187, 187d

J [Go to: Top || A  | BCDEF | G | HIJKLM | N | OPQRST | U | VWXYZ]

Jabir son of `Abd-Allah, 21:95a
Jabr Christian slave, 16:103a
Jacob prophecy of birth of, 11:71, 71a; enjoins Unity and true religion on his descendants, 2:132133; was a prophet, 6:84; 19:49, 49a; 38:4547; religion of, 2:140; 12:38; and forbidden food, 3:93, 93b; revelation of, 2:136; 3:84; 4:163; 21:7273; told of dream by Joseph, 12:46; removal of Joseph from, 12:1118; represented differently in Qur'an and Bible, 12:18a; sends Benjamin with brothers, 12:6368; had knowledge from God about Joseph, 12:67a; has hope in grief, 12:8387; did not become blind, 12:84a, 93a; goes to Egypt, 12:99
Ja`far 19:92a
Jamilah divorce of, 2:229d
Jericho 2:58a
Jeroboam 38:34a
Jerubbabel 2:102f
Jerusalem destroyed twice, 17:4a; desolation and rebuilding of, 2:258b, 259a; destruction of, by Babylonians, 17:5, 6a; destroyed by Romans, 17:7, 7a; earlier qiblah of Muslims, 2:142, 142a; in Mi`raj of Holy Prophet, 17:1, 1a
Jesus Christ prophecy of birth of, 3:45, 45a; 4:171, 171a; 19:19; significance of word from God, 3:45a; 4:171a; only a messenger, 4:171; 5:75; 43:59, 59a; a servant of God, 19:30; 21:26, 26a; 43:59, 59a; compared his advent to that of a thief, 86:3a; why called Messiah, 3:45b; birth of, 3:47, 47a; 19:2226; conceived and born in ordinary manner, 3:44a, 47a; 19:23b; time of birth of, 19:25a; comparison with Adam, 3:59a; mentioned among prophets who had fathers, 6:8587; an ordinary mortal, 3:59, 59a; 5:75, 75a; a mortal according to Negus, 5:83a; speaking in the cradle, significance of, 3:46, 46a; 5:110; 19:2933, 29a, 30a, 31a; nature of miracles of, 3:49, 49a49d; 5:110, 110a; strengthened with Holy Spirit, 2:87, 87a, 253; 5:110; taught Torah and Gospel, 3:48; 5:110; verifies Torah and modifies Mosaic law, 3:50, 50a; 5:46, 46a; 61:6; taught same basic principles as other prophets, 42:13, 13a; 3:51; 5:117; 19:31, 36; 43:6364; revelation of, like that of other prophets, 2:136; 3:84; 4:163; sent only to Israelites, 3:49; 7:158a; 61:6; holding swine in abhorrence, 2:173a; kept fasts, 2:183a; 97:1a; was not rude to his mother, 19:32, 32a; signs of, not the work of Satan, 26:212a; preaches against storing of wealth, 3:49d; denies claim to Godhead, 5:116117, 116a, 117a; belief in divinity of, denounced, 5:17, 17a, 72, 72a; 17:57a; 18:102, 102a; 9:3031, 30b; doctrine of Sonship of, refuted, see Sonship; Arab unbelievers object to honouring of, 43:5759, 57a, 59a; had his own responsibilities like every other mortal, 6:165a; exclusive innocence of, cannot be upheld, 19:14a; mistaken doctrines attributed to, are based on allegorical statements, 3:7a; 10:37a; is rejected by the Jews, 3:52; 5:71b; as a sign for the Jews, 19:21, 21a; 43:61, 61a; curses Israelites, 5:78; prophesies transference of Kingdom of God, 67:1a; 95:3a; helped by disciples, 3:5253; 61:14; revelation to disciples of, 5:111; they ask for food from heaven, 5:112113; prays for food, 5:114115, 114b, 115a; followers of, promised triumph over rejectors, 3:55, 55d; 61:14, 14a; compassion in hearts of followers of, 57:27; Jewish plans against life of, 3:54; enemies of, withheld, 5:110; 3:54b; cleared of false charges, 3:55, 55c; is promised deliverance from death on cross, 3:55, 55a; did not die while on the cross, 4:157, 157a; only apparently killed, 2:7273, 72a-73b; 4:157, 157b; granted spiritual exaltation, not raised bodily, 3:55, 55b; 4:158, 158a; died a natural death, 3:55, 55a; 5:117, 117a; is not alive, further proof, 3:144, 144a; 5:75, 75a; 21:78, 8a, 34; 16:2021, 21a; 5:17, 17a; 7:25, 25a; finds shelter in Kashmir, 23:50, 50a; tomb of, in Srinagar, 23:50a; travels of, in the East, 3:45b; not equal to Holy Prophet's task, 7:143a; prophesies advent of Holy Prophet, 36:14, 14a; 61:6, 6a; sees prophetically the glory of the Holy Prophet, 2:253a
Jethro 28:25a, 27a
Jews see Israelites.
Jibril see Gabriel.
Jihad primary significance of, is not fighting but striving, 9:73a; 16:110a; 25:52a; 66:9a; as meaning spiritual striving to attain nearness to God, 22:78; 29:69; applied to the bearing of persecution at Makkah, 29:6, 6a; as struggle in a general sense, 2:218; 8:72, 74; excellence and importance of, 3:142; 4:95; 9:20, 88; 49:15; 61:11; see also Muslim wars.
Jinn significance of, 6:128a, 130a; 72:1a; creation of, from fire, 15:27, 27a; 55:15, 15a; as spirits of evil, 72:1a; as signifying leaders of evil, 6:112a; 11:13a; 17:88a; 34:41; 37:158a; as applying to strange people, 34:12c; applied to foreigners, 38:38a; listen to the Qur'an, 46:29; 72:1; as leaders of some Jewish tribes, 46:3031, 29a; subjugated by Solomon, 27:17, 17a; 21:82a; 38:38a; as applied to non-Israelite tribes, 34:14a
Jizyah (tax) 9:29a
Job 21:8384; 38:4144, 41a44a; 4:163, 164a; 6:84
John of Damascus 5:116a
John the Baptist 3:35a, 39, 39a, 39b; 6:85; 19:715; 21:90; greatness of, 19:7a; sinlessness of, 19:1314, 14a; Christians of, 2:62a
Jonah story of, 37:139148; 21:8788; 68:4850; flight of, 37:140, 140a; was not in wrath with Allah, 21:87b; prayer of, 21:87d, 87e; not devoured by fish, 37:142a, 144a; people of, believe, 10:98, 98a; resemblance of, to the Prophet, 10:98a; see also 4:163, 164a; 6:86; ch. 10 intro.
Joseph sees the vision, 12:46; his brothers plot against him, 12:718; taken out of the pit by travellers, 12:1920; in Potiphar's house, 12:21; granted wisdom, 12:22; remains firm under temptations, 12:2325; his innocence established, 12:2629; further temptations, 12:3034; cast into prison, 12:35; Joseph and the two prisoners, 12:36; preaches to them, 12:3740; interprets their visions, 12:41; interprets the king's vision, 12:4349; cleared of false charges, 12:5053; raised to dignity, 12:5456; his brothers go to him and he helps them, 12:5862; the youngest brother, 12:6369; incident of the cup, 12:7077; Jacob's grief for, 12:8486; reveals himself to his brothers, 12:8891; forgives them, 12:92; prayer of, 12:101; history of, repeated in Prophet's history, 12:102103, 102a; see also 6:84; 40:34
Joseph husband of Mary, 3:45b; 19:32a
Joseph of Arimathæa 18:13a (3rd); 36:20a
Joshua 5:23a; 18:60a
Judgment day of, see Day, the Last.
Judi 11:44, 44a
Justice to be done between people, 4:58, 58a; 38:26; 42:15; to be done between Muslims and non-Muslims, 4:105106, 105a, 106a; towards enemy, 5:2, 2c, 8, 42, 42a; to be done in Muslim disputes, 49:9, 9a; no partiality even for relatives, 4:135, 135a; 6:152, 152b; broadest possible conception of, 7:29, 29a; 16:90, 90a; see also Evidence.
Juwairiyah 33:50a (5th)

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Ka`b son of Ashraf, 59:2a
Ka`b ibn Malik 9:106, 106a, 118a
Ka`bah meaning of, 5:97a; made a resort for people, 2:125; as House of God, 2:125, 125a; 22:26; first House of worship on earth, 3:96, 96b; great antiquity of, 2:125a; 22:29a; connection of, with Abraham and Ishmael, 2:125c; 14:37a; rebuilt by Abraham, 2:127; Maqam (Place) of Abraham, 2:125, 125b; 3:97, 97a; see also Abraham; appointed as Qiblah, 2:125b, 142145, 142a; to become the Muslim centre, 2:144, 144a; reasons for, 2:148, 148a, 150a; not worshipped, 2:149a; a support for men, 5:97, 97b; a sign, 7:73c (2nd); idolators' practice of going naked round, 7:28a, 31a; 9:1a, 28a; shall not be approached by unbelievers, 9:28; service of, cannot compare with struggle to propagate truth, 9:1922; a prophecy of its clearance from idols, 22:73a; freed from idols, 9:17a; 17:81a; 34:49a; sacrifice of animals at, 22:33, 36, 36a; 5:2b, 95; protection of, against enemies, 105:1a
Kahin see Astrologers.
Kauthar 108:1, 1a
Kedar 2:125c; 26:199a
Khabbab p. I-58
Khadijah 33:50a; 80:2a
Khaibar 48:18, 18b
Khalid ibn Walid converted to Islam, 3:127a
Khaulah wife of Aus ibn Samit, 58:1a
Khazraj tribe of, see Aus.
Khul` (woman's right of divorce) 2:229d
Khuza`ah 9:15a
Kingdom of God ch. 1 intro. (5th); 3:2627, 27a; 6:73, 73b; ch. 67 intro.; 67:1, 1a
Kingdom of heaven granted to Muslims, 4:54, 54a; inaccessible to unbelievers, 7:40, 40a
Kisra Persian emperor, bracelets of, 22:23a; prophecy regarding palaces of, 25:10, 10a; 33:22a
Knowledge (See also Intellectual development.)
Reading and use of pen recommended, 68:1; 96:15; raises man in dignity, 39:9; 58:11; possessors of, recognize the truth of revelation, 4:162; 17:107109; 22:54; 29:49, 49a; 34:6; they testify to Divine unity, 3:18, 18a, 18b; they fear God, 35:28; acting without proper knowledge, condemned, 3:66, 66a; 4:83; 6:100, 119, 140, 148; 11:4647; 17:36; 22:34; 24:15; 31:20; 49:6; travelling in search of knowledge, 3:137; 18:6566; 29:20; Prophet told to pray for increase of, 20:114; given to man from God, 2:31, 31b, 31c; 96:35; 55:14; given to prophets and other elect, 2:247; 12:22; 18:65; 21:74, 7980; 27:15; 28:14; Prophet raised to be a Teacher, 2:151; 62:23, 3a; wisdom is a great good, 2:269; study of nature, 3:190191; 10:56; 13:34; 16:1016, 6669, 7881; 17:12; 30:22; 45:35; study of the conditions of different countries, 22:46; 29:20; 35:2728; gain knowledge of diversity of mankind, 30:22; 49:13, 13a; study of histories of different nations, 12:109111; 30:9; 33:62; 35:4344; 40:21, 82; man can rule forces of nature with, 2:30, 30c, 34, 34a; see also under Man; mankind excels other creation, on account of, 7:140; 17:70; three degrees of, 102:58, 8a
Korah 28:7682, 76a; 29:39; 40:24, 24a

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Laban 28:25a, 27a
Lailat al-Qadr 97:15, 1a5a; 44:3a
Land inheriting of the, by the righteous, 7:128; 21:105, 105a; 39:74, 74a; 70:4041, 41a; see also 7:100; 19:40
Lat 4:117a; 53:19 Lauh Mahfuz, 85:22a
Law uniformity of, 67:34, 3a, 3b; 55:6a
Li`an (cursing the liar) 24:69, 6a; 3:61, 61a, 61b
Life (See also Civic Life.)
seriousness and great purpose of, 21:16, 16a; 23:115, 115a; 30:8; 67:2, 2a; 75:36, 36a; see also Humanity : service of; a struggle with difficulties, 90:4, 4a; greed for material life, 2:96; 3:14; 18:103104, 104a; material life, a sport, 6:32; 29:64; 47:36; 57:20, 20a; material life deceives man, 6:70, 130; 7:51; 45:35; ultimate decay of physical life, 16:70; 30:54; 36:68; 10:2324; 18:45; three states of, 23:100a; water as source of, see Water; created in pairs, see Pairs; man's physical life, see Man; physical and spiritual life, created by God, 2:28, 28a; 22:56, 5a5e, 7a; 23:1214, 12a; spiritual life given by Qur'an, 8:24, 24a; transitory physical life contrasted with spiritual, 2:212; 3:1415; 9:38; 11:1516; 17:1821; 18:4546, 103108; 28:61; 40:39; 79:3741; 87:1617
Life after death see Introduction pp. I-43 to I-51; grows out of record of man's deeds, 17:1314, 13a, 14a; 17:71, 71a, 71b; 50:34, 4a, 18; 82:1012, 12a; 83:720, 7a, 18a; 13:11; 21:94; 43:80; 45:2829; 50:1718, 18a; 58:6; see also Book; begins in this life, 89:2730, 30a; 3:198; 17:72, 72a; 41:3032, 31a; 55:46, 46a; complete manifestation of hidden spiritual realities of this life, 6:28, 28a; 20:124126, 124a; 24:24, 24a; 39:6970, 69a; 50:22, 22a; 57:12, 12a; 69:18, 18a; 86:89, 9a; 99:68; a higher reality than this life, 17:21; 29:64; 40:39; progress in higher life is unceasing, 39:20, 20a; 66:8, 8a; see also Hell and Paradise.
Light of faith, 57:12, 12a, 28; 66:8; 2:257; 5:16; 6:122; 14:1; 33:43; 65:11; of the religion of Islam, 24:35, 35a; 9:32; 39:22; 61:8; Prophet called Light, 5:15, 15b; 33:46; Prophet sent with, 4:174; 7:157; 42:52; 64:8; contrasted with spiritual darkness, 13:16; 35:1922; both light and darkness created by Allah, 6:1, 1a
Lord's prayer 5:114b; ch. 1 intro. (5th); contradicts doctrine of atonement, 19:92a
Lot was a prophet, 6:86, 84a; righteousness of, 21:74; 51:36a; falsely impugned in Biblical story, 7:80a; preaches and is rejected, 7:8082; 26:160168; 27:5456; 29:2830; evils of his people, 7:8081; 26:165166; 27:55; 29:2829, 29a; coming of messengers to, 11:77; 15:6164; 29:3334; a stranger among the Sodomites, 11:78a; his people demand the guests, 11:78; 15:6769; forbidden to shelter strangers, 15:70; offers his daughters as hostages, 11:78, 78a; 15:71, 71a; leaves the city, 11:81; 15:6566; delivered along with his followers, while rejectors destroyed, 7:8384, 84a; 11:82, 82a82c; 15:7374; 26:169173; 27:5758; 37:133138; 54:3339; wife of, exemplified evil, 66:10; wife destroyed with rejectors, 7:83; 11:81; 26:171; 27:57; 29:33; 37:135; see also 11:89; 21:71; 50:13
Love of Allah for man, see Allah: is Loving; of man for Allah, see Human soul.
Luqman ch. 31 intro., 31:1219, 12a, 19a

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Ma'arab bursting of the dyke of, 34:16a
Madinah name of, 33:13a; 59:9, 9a; emigrants to and helpers in, 9:100a; 33:6b; 59:9a; Prophet related to people of, 25:54a; Prophet's stay in, like Moses' in Midian, 28:27a; treaty between Muslims and others in, 2:84a; enriched by the advent of Muslims, 9:74b; proclamation in, of prohibition of intoxicants, 5:90b; and events relating to Badr, 8:5a, 7a, 67a; opinion regarding defence of, on occasion of Uhud, 3:121a, 143a; hypocrites' wish to remain in, instead of fighting, 3:154c154f; besieged by allied forces in Ahzab battle, ch. 33 intro., 33:1a, 9a, 22a; two Jewish tribes of, betray Muslims, 33:26a; 59:2a; hypocrites in, 9:101; 63:8
Magians 22:17; dualistic doctrine of, 6:1, 1a, 100a
Magog see Gog.
Mahdi advent of, 75:9a
Mahr see Dowry. Maimunah, 33:50a (5th)
Majority age of, 4:6a; opinion of, to be followed in decisions, 3:154c, 159b; no sin to differ with, 4:115a
Makkah (See also Ka`bah.)
situation of, 2:126a; called Bakkah, 3:96, 96a; Abraham's prayer for, and its security, 2:126; 14:35; inviolability of, 2:191, 191d; inviolability of things relating to, 2:194, 194a; made sacred, 27:91; 29:67, 67a; 90:2a; made secure, 95:3; unproductive of fruit, 14:37; religious metropolis and trade centre of Arabia, 89:4a; 9:28c; invasion of, by Abrahah, 105:1a; not warned before Holy Prophet, 32:3, 3a; 36:6; warned by Prophet, 6:92; 7:4; 65:810; prophecy of punishment of, by famine, 44:1015, 10a; 67:21a; 6:65a; famine overtakes, 16:112113, 112a, 113a; 23:76a; Prophet's Flight from, see Flight; drives out Prophet, 47:13, 13a; prophecy of Prophet's return to, 28:27a, 85, 85a; prophecy of the conquest of, by Muslims, 2:196d; 14:14, 14a; 17:76, 76a, 81a; 90:2a; security of, prophesied, 28:57, 57a; prophecy that it shall be the Muslim centre, 22:27a; conquest of, by Holy Prophet, 12:92a; 48:19a; 57:10a; conquest of, effect on opponents, 7:4a; as the scene of fulfilment of early prophecies, ch. 110 intro.; a guidance for the nations, 3:96, 96b; its blessings to continue forever, 3:96b; three prophecies relating to the future of, 3:97, 97a; called mother of towns, 6:92; 42:7; to be made the universal spiritual centre, 6:92a; 42:7a
Malik the angel, 43:77, 77a
Mamun Al-, 2:62a
Man (See also Human soul.)
creation of: from dust or clay, 6:2, 2a; 7:1112, 12a; 22:5, 5b; 32:7; 35:11; 37:11, 11a; 40:67; 55:14; from extract of clay, 23:12, 12a; from clay giving sound and fashioned in shape, 15:2628, 27a, 33; from insignificant origin, 16:4; 32:8; 36:77; 53:46; 75:37; 76:12; 80:1819; 96:2, 2a; from water, 25:54; 77:20; 86:57, 7a; see also Water; from a male and female, 42:11; 49:13; from single being, and its mate of same, 4:1, 1a; 7:189; 39:6; grows out of earth, 71:17, 17a; created out of God's love, 96:2a; creation of, from haste, 21:37, 37a; 7:12a; impatience of, 70:19; object of creation of, 11:7, 7b; 23:115, 115a; 51:5657; 75:36, 36a; 76:2; 90:4, 4a; stages in the physical growth of, 22:5, 5c; 23:14, 14a; 40:67; in womb, 3:6; 39:6; 53:32; made complete, 18:37; 32:9; 38:72; 75:38; 82:68; made in goodly form, 40:64; 64:3; made to rule universe, 2:29; everything made subservient to, 13:2; 14:3233, 32a; 16:1214; 21:81; 22:65; 31:20; 43:1213; 45:1213; his excellence above creation due to discretionary power, 5:48c; unable to chalk out a moral code for himself, 16:67a; attains to perfection by Divine inspiration, 15:29, 29a; Divine spirit breathed into, see Human soul; greatness and vast capabilities of, 2:30b, 30c, 31b, 31c; 95:46, 6a; is taught language, 55:34, 3a; how he can rise to eminence, ch. 95 intro.; turns to Allah in affliction but forgets Him in ease, 7:189190, 189b; 10:12; 16:5355; 39:49; and is ungrateful in ease, 6:6364; 10:2223; 17:67, 67a, 83; 30:3334; 31:32; 39:8; 41:4951, 50a; ungratefulness of, 11:9; 22:66; 42:48; 43:15; 100:6; unfaithfulness of, to trust, 33:72, 72a; threefold duty of, 5:93, 93a; spiritual needs of, must be provided for, 6:38, 38a; must face death, 3:185; 7:25; 23:15; 55:2627; 56:60; 80:21; best clothing granted to, is piety, 7:26, 26b
Manat 4:117a; 53:20
Manna and quails 2:57b
Mariolatry 5:116a
Marriage (See also Wives and Women.)
union of two natures one in essence, 4:1, 1a; a contract requiring free consent of both parties, 4:21, 21a; obligatory, 24:3233, 32a, 33a; to be performed after maturity is attained, 4:6, 6a; divorced women and widows free to remarry, 2:232, 234235; see also Divorce; women whom it is forbidden to marry, 4:23; conditions for marriage with slave girls, 4:25, 25a; concubinage not sanctioned, 4:25a; 24:32a; inter-marriages : with idolaters forbidden, 2:221, 221a, 221b; 60:1011; with followers of scriptures, 5:5, 5b; Islamic, Jewish and Christian laws compared, 5:5b; polygamy, when allowed, see Polygamy.
relation of husband and wife : of love and compassion, 25:74; 30:21; comfort each other, 7:189; apparel for one another, 2:187; mutual obligations : good fellowship and kindness, 2:228229, 231; 4:19; giving of free gifts to each other, 2:237; lodge wife according to means, 65:6; dowry a free gift, 4:4; even if a heap of gold is given to wife it is hers, 4:1921, 24; see also Dowry; men are maintainers of women, 4:34
privacy of home life, 24:2728, 5859, 58a; 33:53, 53a
intermingling of sexes, 24:3031, 60; 33:59
respect and love for parents and offspring, 6:151; 25:74; and see Parents and Children.
Marut see Harut.
Marwah see Safa.
Mary mother of Jesus, 3:35, 35a; birth of, 3:36; given in charge of Zacharias, 3:37; faith of, in God, 3:37, 37a; is chosen, 3:42; her marriage, 3:44, 44a; receives news of birth of a son, 3:4547; 19:1621; received news in vision, 19:17, 17a; conceives and gives birth, 19:2226; suffers pains of childbirth, 19:23, 23a, 23b; why called sister of Aaron, 19:28a; 3:35a; guarding of chastity by, does not imply immaculate conception, 21:91, 91a; falsely charged with fornication, 4:156, 156a; lived and died like mortals, 5:17, 17a, 75, 75a; a truthful woman, 5:75; erroneous belief in divinity of, 5:73a, 116, 116a; given a shelter in Kashmir with Jesus, 23:50, 50a; set as an example to believers, 66:1112, 12a; see also Women.
Mary the Coptic, 66:1a
Masonic societies 2:102f
Media and Persia kingdom of, 18:83a
Meekness see Morals : Humility.
Menstruation 2:222, 222b; see also Divorce.
Mercy see Allah : is merciful.
Mesopotamia 18:31a; 25:10a; 55:46a
Messiah advent of, 9:33a (2nd); the Promised 61:9a; 62:3a; to be raised among the Muslims, 24:55a (2nd); 62:3a
Michael angel, 2:98, 97a
Midian Moses' stay in, 28:2228, 27a; 20:40; likeness of, to Madinah, 28:27a, 45, 45a; see also 7:85, 85a; 9:70; 11:84; 22:44; 29:36
Mingana Dr., pp. I-85, I-86
Miracles see Signs.
Mi`raj see Ascension.
Mistah 24:22a
Monkery 5:87, 87a; a Christian innovation, 57:27, 27a
Months number of, 9:36, 36a; sacred months, 2:189, 189a; 9:3637, 36b, 37a
Moon rending asunder of, ch. 54 intro., 54:1, 1a; darkening of, 75:8, 8a; as standing for the Prophet's cause, 36:39, 39a; 84:1819, 18a, 19a; see also Sun and Moon.
Morals picture of moral qualities, 3:134135; 6:151152; 17:2339; 23:19; 25:6376; 31:1219; 33:35; 70:2235
truth : truthful ones, 5:119; 9:119; 33:24, 35, 70; bearing true witness, 4:135; 5:8; 6:152; 70:33; true to promises and covenants, 2:177, 177f; 3:7576, 75b; 5:1, 1a; 8:27; 16:91; 17:34; 23:8; 33:23; 70:32; falsehood to be shunned, 16:116; 22:30; 25:72; liars condemned, 3:61; 24:7; 39:3, 32
honest dealing, 4:105107; 6:152; 17:35; 83:13
sincerity, 2:139; 7:29; 39:23, 14; 74:6, 6a; 98:5; insincerity and show condemned, 107:46; 2:44; 2:264; 3:167; 4:142, 145146; 61:23
purity, 9:103, 103a, 108; 24:21, 21a; 33:33, 33a; 74:45, 4a; 87:14; 91:9, 10a; 2:222; 5:6; not to be ascribed to oneself, 4:49; 53:32
unselfishness, 2:207, 262; 3:92; 4:53; 6:162; 11:51; 12:104; 25:57; 59:9; 64:16; 76:89; 92:1920
humility, 17:3738; 25:63; 28:83; 31:1819; 2:4546; 6:63; 7:13, 55, 146, 205; 16:23, 29; 40:35; 57:16
patience, 103:23; 2:153157, 177, 249250; 3:120, 146, 186, 200; 11:11; 13:22; 16:126127; 28:80; 29:5859; 39:10; 42:43; 49:5; perseverance, 11:112; 30:43; 41:6, 3031
thankfulness, 2:152, 172, 185, 243; 4:147, 147a; 5:6, 89; 14:78, 34; 16:18, 114; 25:62, 62a; 27:19, 40; 28:73; 31:12, 31; 34:13; 39:7, 66; 46:15
self-control, 3:134; 4:135; 7:201; 18:28; 30:29; 38:26; 42:37; 79:4041
chastity, 17:32; 21:91, 91a; 23:5, 5a; 24:2a, 3033; 25:68; 70:29
courage, 3:172175; 5:54; 6:8082; 9:40; 20:46; 33:39; 39:36
forgiveness, 2:109, 109a; 3:134, 159; 4:149, 149a; 5:13; 7:199; 12:92, 92a; 15:85, 85a; 24:22, 22a; 41:3435; 42:37, 40, 40a, 43; 64:14
Mortgage 2:283, 283a
Moses revelation to mother of, 20:3839; 28:7; cast into river, 20:39, 39a; 28:7; picked up by Pharaoh's people, 20:39; 28:8, 8a; brought back to his mother, 20:40; 28:1213; journey of, to Khartum, 18:6082; travels of, in search of knowledge, ibid.; Ethiopian wife of, 18:60b; ascension of, 18:60a, 60b; kills an Egyptian, 20:40; 26:14, 14a, 1921; 28:1521, 33; goes to Midian, 20:40; 28:2228; serves Jethro for ten years, 28:27a; sees fire (in vision) in return journey, 20:10, 10a; 27:7; 28:29; is called, 19:52; 20:1114; 27:89; 28:30; 79:16; sees in the visionary state that his staff has become a serpent and his hand is white, 20:1723; 27:1012; 28:3132; significance of signs, 20:20a, 22a; 7:108a; commanded to go to Pharaoh, 7:103; 10:75; 11:9697; 20:24; 23:4546; 26:15; 27:12; 40:2324; 51:38; 79:17; asks for a helper, Aaron, 20:2535; 26:1214; 28:3334; commanded to demand deliverance of the Israelites, 7:104105; 20:47; 26:1617; 44:1718; controversy with Pharaoh, 20:4955; 26:1831; shows signs to Pharaoh, 7:107108; 20:56; 26:3233; 43:4647; 79:20; Pharaoh consults his chiefs and calls enchanters, 7:109112; 10:7679; 20:5759; 26:3437; Moses and the enchanters, 7:113126; 10:8082; 20:6073; 26:3851; nine signs of, 7:133b; 17:101, 101a; 27:12; Pharaoh's people plead with, to avert plague, 7:134135; 43:4850; exhorts his people to patience and prayer, 7:128; 10:84, 87, 87a; only few believe in, 10:83; a secret believer in, 40:2845; commanded to depart by night, 20:77; 26:52; 44:2324; crosses the sea, 7:138; 10:90; 20:78; 26:5366; people of, ask him to make idols, 7:138140; appointment of forty nights, 2:51, 51a; 7:142; retires to the mountain to receive the law, 7:143145; 20:8384; desires to see Allah, 7:143, 143a; is granted the Torah, 7:144145; a book revealed to, 2:53; 6:91, 154; 11:110; 17:2; did not receive written tablets, 7:145a; returns with the law and finds his people worshipping a calf, 7:150; 20:8690; is wroth with Aaron, 7:150; 20:9294; prays for forgiveness of his people, 2:54; 7:155156; burns the calf, 20:97, 97a; orders slaughter of a cow, 2:6771; prays for drinking-water in the wilderness, 2:60; finds twelve springs, 2:60, 60a; identified with twelve wells at Elim, 2:60b; commands his people to march on Holy Land, and their response, 5:2126; false imputations against, 33:69, 69a; 61:5, 5a; curses his followers for their transgressions, 2:159a; granted distinction or criterion, 2:53, 53a; 21:48, 48a; ascension of, ch. 18 intro., 18:60a, 60b; lays down basis of a great dispensation and a mighty kingdom, 5:20a; gives promise of delivery and the promised land, 7:129, 129a; followed by other Israelite messengers, 2:87; law of, amended by Israelite prophets, 3:50a; transgression of Israelites prophesied by, 7:145147, 145b; prophesies advent of the Prophet, 2:41a; 3:81a; 28:44, 44a; 36:14, 14a; 61:6a (3rd, 4th); Holy Prophet appeared in likeness of, 73:15, 15a; see also Muhammad : Prophecies about; book of, bears testimony to truth of Qur'an, 11:17, 17a. See also 4:164, 164a; 6:84; 19:5153; 25:3536; 29:39; 42:13; 53:36; 87:19
Mosques preventers from, shall be abased, 2:114, 114a; Muslims to protect them along with all other places of worship, 22:40, 40a
Mountains creation of, 16:15, 15a; 13:3; 15:19; 21:31; 27:61; 31:10; 50:7; 77:27; as pegs of the earth, 78:7, 7a; provide food, 79:3233; declaring Allah's glory, 21:79, 79a; 34:10, 10a; 38:18; 22:18; passing away, crumbling or crushing of, as signifying fall of great opponents, 13:31, 31a; 18:47, 47a; 20:105106, 105a; 27:88, 88a; 52:10, 10a; 56:5; 69:14; 70:9; 73:14; 77:10; 78:20; 81:3; 101:5; habitations in, 7:74; 15:82; 16:68, 81; 26:149; trust offered to, 33:72; see also 35:27; 88:19
Muhajirin see Ansar.
Muhammad the Holy Prophet:
Mission of : raised to settle differences of all nations, 2:213, 213c, 213d; a mercy to the whole world, 21:107, 107a; brings men from darkness to light, 14:1; 57:9; 65:11; a light for the world, see Light; as a torch to wayfarers, 33:46, 46a; resplendence of the light of, 53:7, 7a; 81:23, 23a; is the comer by night, ch. 86 intro., 86:14, 3a; truth of his cause to shine forth gradually, 93:15, 3a, 5a; as an exemplar, 33:21, 21a; different capacities of, 33:21a; as a model in every walk of life, ibid.; asks no reward, 6:90; 12:104; 25:57; 34:47; 38:8687; 42:23, 23a; bearer of good news and warner, 33:4546, 46a; 2:119; 5:19; 11:12; 17:105; as teacher and purifier, 2:129, 151; 3:164; 62:23; a teacher of his immediate followers and those coming later, 62:23, 3a; as the Clear Evidence, 98:12, 1a; raising the dead to life, 3:49c; 6:122, 122a; 13:31, 31a; commanded to warn, 74:12, 2a; as a plain warner, 6:50a; 7:184; 15:89; 22:49; denies possession of superhuman powers, 6:50, 50a; 7:188, 188a; 10:49, 49a; 46:9, 9b; only a mortal, 17:93, 93a; 18:110; 41:6; 6:91a; stands above all low motives, 6:162, 162a; charged with the heaviest task, 73:5, 5a; corruption prevailing before advent of, 30:41, 41a; great anxiety and untiring zeal of, for bringing about a transformation of humanity, 9:128, 128a; 10:99, 99a; 12:103; 18:6, 6a; 26:3, 3a; 35:8; 93:7a; ch. 94 intro., 94:3, 3a; never despaired of regenerating his people, 109:6a; must deliver the message, 5:67; 46:35; only delivers message, 3:20; 5:92; 16:35; 24:54; 72:2123; strives hard in the cause of truth, 9:73, 73a, 88; 25:52, 52a; 66:9, 9a; commanded to fight alone, 4:84, 84a; to remain upright, 10:105; sufferings of, 14:13, 13a; prayer of, after Ta'if, 72:24a; firmness of, under severest trials, 17:73a; consolation to, 20:14, 1a, 2a; told to seek comfort in prayer, 20:130, 130a; 50:3940; enjoined to pray by night, 73:19, 6a, 20; 17:79, 79a, 79b; to be steadfast in preaching, 42:15; 46:35; to be patient, 11:49; 30:60; 38:17; 70:5; 74:7; sinlessness of, 53:2, 2a; enjoined to ask protection from faults, 40:55, 55a; the devil's inability to make evil suggestions to, 23:97a; truthfulness of, 10:16a; preaching of, shakes belief in idols, 25:42; hatred of false gods entertained by, 109:15; cannot guide whom he loves, 28:56, 56a; not to care for carpers, 33:1, 1a, 48, 48a; special Divine protection granted to, 3:145, 145a; 13:11a; 86:4, 4a; Divine help shall be granted to, 6:34, 34a; 22:15, 15a; abundant good granted to, 108:1a; opening of the breast of, 94:1a; eminence to which he was to be raised, 17:79b; 94:4, 4a; 96:3, 3a; is entitled to intercede, 43:86, 86a; 4:85a; as a practical benefactor of humanity, 2:177e; love of, was to be inspired in hearts of men, 19:96a; good manners to be observed towards, 33:53; 49:15, 2a, 4a; manners in assembly of, 58:11, 11a; consultation with, 58:1213, 12a; obedience necessary to, 4:59, 64, 80; 24:54, 56; 64:12; 81:21, 21a; fruits of obedience to, 4:69, 69a; 3:31, 132; call of, to be strictly obeyed, 24:6263, 63a; share of, in property gained in wars and how spent, 8:41a; 59:7a; made free from obligation with respect to Makkah, 90:2, 2a; uproots the evil of drink, 2:219a; holds out justice between Muslims and non-Muslims, 4:105, 105a; spiritual resurrection brought about by, 17:5152, 51a, 51b; transformation wrought by, 2:117b; 14:48, 48a; 21:104a; 25:6375, 63a; 82:4a; prophecy of final triumph of, 14:14, 14a; 20:2, 2a; 68:3a; 84:19a; mi`raj of, see Ascension; marvellous faith of, in ultimate triumph, 4:84a; 6:5, 10; all nations should submit to, 22:67; universality of the message of, 6:19, 19a, 90, 90a; 7:158, 158a; 13:7, 7a; 14:4a; 16:89a; ch. 25 intro. (2nd), 25:12, 1a, 2a; 34:28, 28a; 42:7, 7a; 68:52, 51a; 81:27, 27a; 95:3a (3rd); no prophet to be raised after, 4:69a; the last of prophets, 33:40, 40a

and other prophets : excellence of, above other prophets, 2:253, 253a; 17:55a; truth of, testified to by all prophets, 3:81, 81a; requires faith in all prophets, 3:81a, 84; and see Prophets; coming after a cessation of the mission of prophets, 5:19, 19a; 21:30, 30a; to follow Abraham's faith, 4:125; 16:123; likeness of, to Moses, 2:146a; 4:176a; 46:10, 10a; 73:15, 15a; 95:3a; comparison drawn between Moses and, 52:17, 7a; see also under Moses; must be judged as a prophet, 46:9, 9a

revelation of : received revelation through Gabriel, 2:97; 16:102, 102a; 26:192195, 193a; revelations of, not outcome of desire, 2:143c; 53:34, 4a; 80:2a; given a mighty revelation, 53:10, 10a; to judge by Divine revelation, 5:49; had no doubt about truth of revelation, 10:94a; 2:147a; never forgot revelation, 87:67, 7a; relief afforded to by revelation, 94:18; faithfully follows the Qur'an, 10:15, 15b; 46:9; could not give up the Qur'an, 11:12, 12a; 17:7374; 28:87

Prophecies about : Abraham and Ishmael pray for appearance of, 2:129; 4:171a; covenant with prophets regarding advent of, 3:81, 81a; 33:7, 7a; as the Promised One, 2:41a; 4:164a; appearance of, waited for by Jews, 2:89, 89a; by Christians, 2:89a; recognized like son, 2:146, 146a; 6:20; prophecies about, in all ancient scriptures, 26:195196, 196a; 37:37, 37a; prophecy of being an Arab, 26:198199, 199a; 41:44, 44a; prophecies of Moses, 28:4346, 44a, 46a; prophecies of Moses and Jesus as to the advent of, 7:157, 157b; 36:14a; as to the two distinct phases of life of, 61:6a (4th); advent of, prophesied by Jesus, 61:6, 6a; prophecies relating to, in Gospel, 5:14a; 17:81a

Life of : year of birth of, 105:1a; an orphan, 93:6, 6a; known as Al-Amin, 6:33, 33a; 10:16a; 68:4a; 81:21, 21a; first revelation of, ch. 96 intro., 96:1a; could not read or write, 7:157, 157a; 29:48, 48a; 96:1a; previous life of, a testimony to truth, 10:16, 16a; warns his relatives, 26:214; 111:1a; addresses tribes on Mount Safa, 26:214a; the blind man's incident, 80:110, 2a; relationship of, to the Madinans, 25:54a; flies to Madinah, see Flight; passing three days in a cave, 9:40, 40a; 18:24a; prophecy of his return to Makkah after Flight, 28:85, 85a; enters into treaty with Jews, 2:84a; prayer of, at Badr, 8:7b; 54:45a; releases prisoners at Badr, 8:67a; vision of, regarding performing Pilgrimage, 48:27, 27a; allegiance sworn to, 48:10, 10a; misunderstandings regarding, and their removal by peace of Hudaibiyah, 48:2a; the incident of honey, 66:1a; his return to Makkah as a conqueror, 14:14a; see also Makkah; expedition of, against Roman Empire, 9:29a; lodges Christians in a mosque, 3:61b; invites them to test his truth by prayer, 3:61, 61b; writes a letter to Heraclius, 3:64a; triumph of, in Arabia, 110:13, 1a, 3a; variety of circumstances affecting the life of, 4:82a

Qualities of : his gentle dealing with the greatest delinquents, 3:159, 159a; kindness of, to severest enemies, 9:80a; his compassion for believers, 9:128, 128a; gentle to his followers, 15:88, 88a; as ablest general, 3:159a; upholds principle of holding counsel in important matters, 3:159b; regard of, for the poor and the orphans, 4:2a; 80:2a; 89:18a; 93:9a; loved to be classed with the poor, 80:2a (2nd); magnanimity of, 80:2a; example of, in freeing slaves, 90:16a; wealth and embellishments of life had no attraction for, 15:88, 88a; 20:131; charity of, 15:88a; simplicity of life of, 25:7, 7a; helping others, 25:7a; sublime morals of, conforming to the Qur'an, 68:4, 4a; 26:194a; purity and perfection of, 33:4546, 43a, 46a; breadth of mind of, 35:24a; heroic fortitude of, 43:88, 88a; moral greatness of, 43:31a, 32a; attainment of perfection by, 53:67, 6a, 7a; nearness of, to Allah, 53:89, 8a, 9a; utmost possible Divine knowledge of, 53:1114, 14a; breadth of the heart of, 94:1a; greatness of, 81:1921, 21a; Khadijah's estimate of the character of, 80:2a (2nd)

false allegations against : his refuge in Allah from false imputations, 7:200, 200a; heart of, sealed against their abuses, 42:24, 24a; alleged "lapse" of, a false story, 22:52a; 53:21a; allegation against, as to learning the Qur'an from others, 16:103, 103a; 25:5, 5a; 44:14; charged with forgery, 10:3738; 11:35, 35a; 25:46; 46:8, 8a; 52:3334, 34a; called an enchanter, a dreamer, a forger, a poet, 21:35, 5a; 74:15a; conjectures regarding, 52:2934, 34a; charges of being a poet or soothsayer refuted, 52:2930; 69:3852; not a poet, 36:69, 69a; 37:3637; called mad : the answer, 68:17, 2a4a; 68:51, 51a; 7:184; 15:68; 23:70; 81:22; slandered, 104:1a; 111:4a; objections against sinlessness of, 40:55a; 93:7a; false imputations against, 33:5657, 56a, 57a; character of, attacked by Christian writers, 66:1a

Companions of : his concern for their safety, 22:58a; their zeal in propagating Islam, 25:51a; they loved virtue and hated evil, 49:7; were purified from sins, 24:21, 21a; 98:78, 8a; were strengthened with Holy Spirit, 58:22; compared, to stars, 6:97a; 82:4a; followers of Prophet : to be raised to greatness, 95:6; ch. 96 intro.; has a greater claim on the faithful than themselves, 33:6, 6a; mercy specially ordained for, 7:156, 156a

Wives of : marriages of the Prophet, 33:50, 50a; object of marriages of, 33:28a, 53b; marries Zainab, 33:37a; not to divorce his wives, 33:52, 52b; wives of, not to be remarried, 33:53, 53b; separation of, for one month, from his wives, 66:1a; affectionate treatment of his wives by, 66:1a, 3a; are mothers of believers, 33:6, 6a; to be teachers of religion to Muslims, 33:32a, 34a; should retain simplicity, 33:2829, 28a; should not display their finery, 33:3334; purity enjoined on, 33:3032

Opposition to : to judge with equity among enemies, 5:42, 42a; 42:15; secret counsels against, 2:102f (2nd); see also Secret counsels; prays even for those who do not accept him, 14:36b; forgives enemies, 5:13; 12:92a; 15:85, 85a; enjoined to ask forgiveness for his oppressors, 110:3, 3a; to bear abuse with patience and take no notice, 20:130; 33:48; 46:35; 50:39; 73:10; prays for famine to overtake persecutors, 16:112a; 44:10a; protection granted to, against all enemies, 5:67, 67a; should strive against unbelievers and hypocrites, 9:73, 73a; 66:9, 9a; plans against, by opponents, 12:102, 102a; 13:10a; 16:26, 26a; 77:39; plans to tempt, 17:73, 73a; Quraish plan to kill, 8:30, 30a; 10:71a; 27:49, 49a; attempts on life of, 2:61e, 87b; 3:2122, 21a, 22a; 5:11, 11a, 27a, 32a; doom of opponents of, 7:182187; 8:52a; 18:59, 59a; 38:67, 67a; 51:5960; 69:110; 77:1240; opposition to, shall be brought to naught, 18:47, 47a; 22:4754, 47a; 23:6267, 9395, 95a; 52:42, 42a; 68:1733, 17a; 75:1013; 79:79, 7a; 81:6a; 84:1618, 18a; nine chief opponents of, 27:48a; abasement of opponents of, 27:87, 87a; 42:45; 73:1114, 14a

Wars fought by, see Muslim wars.

Mujaddid (Reformer) 24:55a; 97:3a
Murarah ibn Rabi` 9:106a
Murder 2:178179, 178a179a; 5:32, 32a; 6:151; 17:33, 33a; 4:9293
Muslim meaning of, 2:112, 112a; 10:25a; 19:62a
Muslims believe in all the prophets, see Prophets and Revelation; cosmopolitan belief of, 2:136a; unity of purpose of, 2:148a; grand object of, is to establish Divine Unity, 2:163a; true followers of Abraham, 2:135a; 3:68; 4:125; 16:123; love Allah most, 2:165; 9:24, 24a; see also under Human soul; champions of the religious liberty of nations, 2:193a; spend in the way of Allah, 2:195, 195a; 2:254a; goal of, 92:20a; should always have a missionary force, 3:104, 104a; 9:122, 122a; should study causes of rise and fall of nations, 3:137138; are persecuted, 2:191c; 3:195; 4:75, 75a; 16:4142, 41a; 22:3940, 39a; 29:23, 2a; comforted in persecution, 29:56, 56a, 60, 60a; should be steadfast under persecutions, 29:10, 10a; those recanting under compulsion, 16:106, 106a; should forgive persecutors when they overcome, 22:60, 60a
excellent qualities of : granted good visions, 10:6264, 64a; strengthened by Holy Spirit, 16:102; 58:22; angels bring good news to, 41:3032, 31a; strengthened by revelation, 9:124; Divine light to be met with in houses of, 24:36; see also Light; follow a middle course between worldliness and monkery, 57:2729, 27a; 2:201, 201a; should be true to promises, see Morals : truth; should fulfil agreements with idolaters, 9:4, 4a; should practise highest good, 16:90, 90a; should help one another in goodness, not in sin, 5:2, 2c; should be just even against themselves and relatives, 4:135, 135a; should be strictly truthful, see Morals : truth; enjoined to respect each other, 49:1112; to treat as Muslims those who offered Islamic salutation, 4:94, 94a, 94b; not to call one another as kafir, 2:148a; brotherhood of, 6:52; 9:11,71; 49:10; to help each other in religious matters, 8:7273, 72a, 73a; not to kill one another intentionally, 4:92, 92a; should remain united, 3:103, 103a; divisions among, to be deprecated, 3:105; 16:92, 92a; should not become sects, 6:159, 159a; 30:3132; peace to be made between quarrelling parties of, 49:910, 9a; must sacrifice their lives in the cause of truth and suffer privations, 2:154156, 177, 214, 214a, 214b; 3:186, 186a, 200; 9:24, 24a; should strive hard in the cause of truth, 9:88; 22:78; 49:15; 61:11; exhorted to make sacrifices, 63:911; must undergo trials, 3:142; 29:23; 33:11; 47:31; vastness of the sympathy of, 4:36, 36a, 36b; limits of obedience to authority, 4:59, 59a; greetings of, to each other, 4:86; social relations with non-Muslims, 5:5, 5a, 5b; see also Belief : true believers and Morals.
greatness of nation, and prophecies relating to its eminence : a most exalted nation, 2:143, 143a; the best of nations, 3:110; 98:7; shall be made a great nation, 22:6566, 65a; three classes of, 35:32, 32a; made leaders for others, 22:78, 78b; grand kingdom granted to, 4:54, 54a; shall be exalted and granted kingdom, 3:2627, 27a; prophecy that they shall be made eminent, 2:152, 152a; promise of conquests for, 2:115, 115a; prophecy of their future greatness, 2:258a; shall be made guardians and masters of Sacred Mosque, 8:34, 34a; 22:25, 25a; prophecy that they shall inherit the land, see Land; conquests promised to, outside Arabia, 33:27, 27a; 48:16, 16a, 21, 21a; prophecy that they shall be masters of the Holy Land, 21:105, 105a; prophecy of their being made rulers on earth, 24:55, 55a; 27:62, 62a; reformers to be raised amongst, 24:55a; prophecy relating to the supremacy of, over unbelievers, 83:3435, 34a
dealings of, with enemies : friendly relations of, with non-Muslims who are not enemies, not disallowed, 60:89, 8a; friendly relations with enemies forbidden, 60:13, 1a; 3:28, 28a, 118120, 118a; not to take enemy Jews and Christians for friends, 5:51, 51a; not to be misled by Jews and Christians, 3:100101; should be just to enemies, 5:2, 2c; should be upright and act equitably towards enemies, 5:8; not to turn their backs when facing enemy, 8:1516; to meet tenfold numbers in battle, 8:6566; to give protection to idolaters, 9:6, 6a; to be kind to unbelievers and not to mind their abuses, 17:53, 53a; see also Abuse; to be firm against enemies, compassionate among themselves, 48:29; some other guiding rules of life for, 3:1517; 6:151153; 13:1922; 23:5761; 25:6375; 37:1a (2nd); 51:1519; 61:23, 3a; 64:1118, 14a; 70:2235; 74:37, 4a, 6a
Muslim wars permission given, 2:190, 190a; 22:3940; were defensive, 3:167, 167a; 8:65a; 22:39, 39a; allowed only when need was urgent, 2:216a; undertaken because enemy fought to force Muslims back from their faith, 2:217, 217a; necessary for the help of the weaker members, 2:215a; must not be aggressive, 2:190a; necessary to establish peace, 2:251, 251b; 8:60, 60a; and religious freedom for all, 22:40, 40a; clemency of, 2:192a; contrasted with Israelite wars, 33:26a; meaning of "fighting in the way of Allah", 2:190a; 3:167a; 4:75a; persecutors to be punished, 2:191; to cease when persecution stops and religious liberty is established, 2:193, 193a; 8:39, 39a; Muslims to accept peace if enemy sued for it, 8:6162, 62a; to be continued till Makkah was taken, 2:191, 191b; not to be carried on within the precincts of Makkah unless enemy does it first, 2:191, 191d; against idolaters, due to violation of treaties, 9:45, 4a, 5a; with followers of the Book, aim of, 9:29, 29a; what unbelievers were to be fought against, 9:123, 123a; also served as punishment, 23:77a; acquisitions made in (ghanimah and fai'), 8:1, 1a, 41, 41a, 69; 59:78, 7a, 8a; an early prophecy relating to, 79:19, 5a; prophecy of Makkans waging war against Muslims, 100:16, 6a; prisoners taken in, released by Holy Prophet, 8:6770, 67a; 47:4, 4a; see also names of individual battles.
Mut`im ibn `Adiyy 27:48a

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Nadar ibn al-Harth 27:48a
Na'ilah idol, 2:158b; 71:23a
Najran deputation of Christians from, 3:61b
Naml valley of, 27:18, 18a
Nasr idol, 71:23, 23a
Nations doom of, 7:34, 34a; raising of, to life after death, 2:258260, 258b, 259a, 260a; how and why punished, 6:4245; 7:9496; not punished until warned by a messenger, 6:131, 131a; 17:15; 26:208; 28:59; 30:47; term of, 7:34; 10:49; 15:45; destroyed when they transgress, 17:16, 16a; do not rise until they amend themselves, 13:11; to be called to their record, 45:28, 28a
Nature
(and ecology)
the natural environment, 2:164; 13:17; growth of vegetation, 6:99, 141; 7:5758; 10:24; 18:45; importance of climate, 24:43; 29:63; 35:9; 45:5; 78:1416; survival of all creatures : all creatures are communities, 6:38; earth for all, 55:10; sustenance for all provided by God, 15:1920; 20:5354; 29:60; 32:27; 50:711; 79:3133; 80:2432; sustenance and places of habitation provided by God, 11:6; animal species are a "sign" for man, 42:29; 45:4; variety of animals, 24:45; trees, importance and function of, 14:2425; 16:1011; 27:60; 36:7980; 56:7172; benefit of whole grain, 55:12, 12a; signs in, for man to ponder, see Signs; see also under Knowledge.
Nebuchadnezzar 2:259a; 5:71a; 85:4a
Negus king of Abyssinia, 5:83a; 19:92a; 39:4a
Nicknames 49:11
Niggardliness condemned, 2:268, 268a; 3:180; 4:37; 9:7577; 47:3738, 37a; 57:2324; 59:9; 92:811; 100:8
Nile junction of Blue and White, 18:60, 60b
Noah main accounts of history of, 7:5964; 10:7173; 11:2549; 23:2329; 26:105122; 37:7582; 54:916; 71:128; and the ark, 11:3741; 23:2729; 29:15; 54:1315, 14a, 15a; deluge of, was not worldwide, 7:64a; 11:42a; a son of, is drowned, 11:4243; prayer of, for his son, 11:4547; history of, is a history of the Prophet and a warning to his opponents, 11:35, 35a, 49a; see 7:59a (2nd) for further refs.
Nu'aim 3:175a

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Oaths not to be taken against doing good, 2:224, 224a; vain oaths, 2:225, 225a; guarding of, 5:89, 89b; expiation of, 5:89, 89a; 66:2, 2a; not to be broken, 16:91; not to be made means of deceit, 16:92, 94; unnecessary oaths discouraged, 24:53
Oaths in the Qur'an, significance of, 37:1a; 77:7a
Olive-tree as a symbol of Islam, 23:20a; 24:35a; 95:3a
Orphans stress on kind treatment of, 89:17; 90:1216, 16a; 93:9, 9a; 107:13, 3a; care of, 2:220, 220a, 220b; 4:2a; 8:41; 59:7; property of, not to be wasted, 4:2; 6:152; 17:34; should be educated and examined, 4:6; warning against swallowing property of, 4:10; justice should be done to, 4:127, 127a

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Pairs creation of things in, 36:36, 36a; 43:12; 51:49; in vegetation, 13:3; 20:53; in animals, 42:11; in mankind, 35:11; 42:11; 53:45; 78:8
Panther 4:156a
Parable setting forth of, 2:26; of the gnat, 2:26, 26a; of fire kindled, 2:1718, 17a, 17b, 18a; of rain and lightning, 2:1920, 19b; of one calling out to the deaf, 2:171; of birds obeying call, 2:260, 260a; of seed yielding manifold fruit, 2:261; compared to parable of sower in Gospel, 2:261b; of seed sown on stone, 2:264; of garden on elevated land, 2:265; of garden smitten by whirlwind, 2:266; of cold wind destroying harvest, 3:117; of one perplexed, 6:71, 71a; of one who rejects messages, 7:175176, 175a; of the dog, 7:176; of rain producing luxuriant herbage and its withering away, 10:24; 18:45; 57:20; of the scum, 13:17, 17b; of ashes blown by wind, 14:18; of the good tree, 14:2425, 24a; of the evil tree, 14:26, 26a; of milk and of wine, 16:6667, 67a; of the bee, 16:6869, 69a; of slave and master, 16:75, 75a; 30:28, 28a; 39:29; of the dumb man, 16:76, 76a; of one who unravels her yarn, 16:92; of a secure town, 16:112; of the rich man and the poor man, 18:3244, 32a; of one who falls from on high, 22:31; of a fly, 22:73, 73a; of the pillar of light, 24:35, 35a; of mirage, 24:39; of intense darkness, 24:40, 40a; of the spider, 29:41, 41a; of the people of the town, 36:1332, 14a; of the garden with rivers of milk, etc., 47:15, 15a; of the ass, 62:5; of the owners of the garden, 68:1733, 17a
Paraclete 61:6a
Paradise (See also Life after Death.)
fruits of, 2:25, 25c; 37:4142, 41a; 69:23, 23a; nature of the blessings of, 2:25d; 37:49a; 38:52a; 52:20a; 78:33a; blessings of, not conceivable, 2:25d; 32:17, 17a; 52:23, 23a; purity, beauty and spiritual nature of blessings of, 37:4149, 41a, 47a, 49a; description of blessings of, is only a parable, 13:35, 35a; 47:15, 15a; blessings tasted by righteous in this life, 2:25c; 37:41, 41a; 47:6, 6a; extensiveness of, 3:133; 57:21, 21a; shades of, stand for ease, 4:57a; 13:35b; drinks of, 37:4547, 47a; 47:15, 15a; 56:1819; 76:56, 5a, 6a, 1718, 17a, 21, 21a; 83:2528, 27a; highest bliss of, is sight of Allah, 7:143a; 50:35, 35a; nearness to Allah is a blessing of, 54:5455; 56:1112, 8889; 83:21, 28; pleasure of Allah attained in, 3:15; 5:119; 9:2122, 72, 100; 58:22; 89:2730; 92:1921; 98:8, 8a; perfect peace prevailing in, 6:127; 10:10, 10a, 25, 25a; 14:23; 19:6263, 62a, 63a; 36:5558, 58a; 50:34; 56:2526, 26a; all one desires in, 25:16; 41:31; 42:22; 50:35, 35a; women equally entitled to blessings of, along with men, 4:124; 9:72; 13:23, 23a; 36:5556; 40:8, 8a, 40; 43:70, 70a; 52:20a (2nd); 57:12; trees and rivers of, 14:24a; a true picture of, 15:4548, 48a; is a place where there is no grief, toil, or fatigue, 7:49; 15:48; 35:3435, 34a, 35a; 43:68; talk of those in paradise with those in hell, 37:5060; unceasing progress in, 39:20, 20a; 66:8, 8a; wives and children of the faithful shall go to, 40:8, 8a; 52:21, 21a; hur in, 52:20, 20a; 55:70, 70a; 44:54; 56:22; everlasting, 11:108, 108a; 15:48, 48a; 38:54; 41:8; 44:56; stands for achievement of object, 78:31, 31a; a manifestation of, in this life, 81:13, 13a; when granted in this life, 89:2730, 30a. See also 55:4678; 76:522; 88:816
Paran ch. 14 intro.
Parents doing good to and giving thanks to, 17:2324, 23a; 29:8, 8a; 31:1415, 14a, 15a; 46:15; duty to God higher than duty to, 29:8, 8a; 31:15, 15a; see also Relationship.
Paul, St. prohibits intermarriages with unbelievers, 5:5b; introduces pagan doctrines into Christianity, 9:30b
Peace as meaning of Islam, 2:112a; 3:19a; 10:25a; in Islamic concept of paradise, see Paradise; of mind, see Heart : contentment of; to be accepted in war if offered, see Muslim wars; as the Muslim salutation, 4:94, 94a
Pen a prophetical reference to abundant use of, 31:27a; see also 18:109, 109a; part played by, in propagation of Islam, 96:4, 4a; inkstand and, testify to Prophet's truth, ch. 68 intro., 68:12, 2a
People of
the Book
(See also Christians and Israelites.)
claim exclusive salvation, 2:111, 111a, 135; 4:123, 123a; 5:18, 18a; denounce each other, 2:113, 113b; corruption of scriptures by, 2:75, 75a, 79, 79a; 3:78, 78a; 5:15, 15a; transgressions of, 3:187188; 5:5966; deviated from simple faith of Abraham, 3:6568, 66a; early prophets of, were not Jews or Christians, 2:140, 140a; not true in following own scriptures, 5:66, 66a, 68, 68a; believe that Jesus died on the cross, 4:159, 159a; both good and bad among, 3:75, 113115, 115a; 5:66, 66a; Holy Prophet appeared for, 5:1516, 19; 98:1, 1a; recognize Prophet like their sons, 2:146, 146a; 6:20; called to submit to God, 3:20; recognize but reject truth, 2:144, 144b, 146, 146a; lead astray and hide truth, 3:6971; disbelief of, 2:145, 145a; 3:1920, 70, 98, 110; how they can attain salvation, 2:62, 62b; 5:69; Muslims prevail over, in argument, 3:73b; those who accepted Islam, 3:199; 13:36, 36a; 28:5253, 52a; 29:47; hostility of, towards Muslims, 2:105, 109; 3:99100, 99a, 186; Muslims not to take hostile as friends, 5:51, 51a, 57, 57a; Muslims to show forgiveness to, 2:109, 109a; Muslim wars against, 9:29, 29a; invited to common principles by Islam, 3:64, 64a; 42:15, 15a; how Muslims should argue with, 29:46, 46a; food of, allowed to Muslims, 5:5, 5a; chaste women among, may be married, 5:5, 5b
Persia Muslims inherit gardens of, 18:31a; 25:10a; 55:46a; prophecy relating to vanquishment of, by Romans, 30:24, 3a; see Media.
Peter Damian 5:116a
Pharaoh longer accounts relating to, 7:103141; 10:7592, 83a, 88b, 90a, 92a; 20:24, 39, 39a, 4379, 48a; 26:1068, 22a, 29a; 28:39, 5a, 6a, 3842, 38a, 41a; 40:2437, 24a, 25a; 43:4656, 49a, 53a; tyranny and arrogance of, 10:83; 28:4, 39; 43:5153; 79:2324; threatens enchanters with punishment for believing, 7:123126; 20:7173; 26:4951; asks for a tower to be built to see God, 28:38, 38a; 40:3637, 37a; follows Israelites and is drowned, 10:90; 20:78; 26:6366; acknowledges truth while drowning, 10:90; body of, cast ashore and preserved as sign, 10:92, 92a; prayer of wife of, 66:11, 11a. See also 2:4950, 49b; 3:11; 8:52, 54; 11:9699; 17:101103; 29:3940; 51:3840; 54:4142; 69:910; 73:1516; 79:1725; 89:1013
Pilgrimage significance of, and directions relating to, 2:158, 158a, 158b; 2:196203, 196a203b; 5:12, 1b, 2a, 2b; 5:9496, 95a; 22:2633, 27a, 27b, 28a; the minor, 2:196a; the greater, 2:196a; 9:3, 3a; proclaimed, 3:97, 97a; 22:27, 27a; see also Sacrifice.
Plague shall not enter Makkah, 3:97a; as punishment for Pharaoh's people, 7:133a, 133b, 134; Israelites punished with, 2:59, 59b
Planets 81:16a; see also Heaven and Solar System.
Poets 26:224227, 225a227a; Prophet accused of being a poet, see Muhammad : false allegations against.
Polygamy permitted under exceptional circumstances, 4:3, 3a; allowed for the care of widows and orphans, 4:127, 127a; justice between wives, 4:129; Holy Prophet's marriages, reasons for, 33:50a
Polytheism (shirk, associating others with One God)
the gravest sin, 4:48, 48a, 116; 5:72; 31:13; different kinds of, 112:4a; blind following of desires is included in, 25:43, 43a; 45:23; not taught by any prophet, 3:7980, 80a; 25:1718, 18a; 34:44, 44a; 43:2021, 45; called a forgery, 61:7a; prohibition of, 4:36; 6:56, 151; 17:22, 39; 18:110; 29:8; 31:15; 40:66; 51:51; 60:12; see also Idols and Gods.
Polytheists great error of, 46:5; have no authority for their beliefs, 7:33; 12:40; 22:71; 30:35, 35a; 42:21; follow only conjecture, 10:36, 66; blindly follow their forefathers, 7:70; 11:62, 87, 109; 14:10; 26:74; 34:43; 43:2224; and see under Intellectual development; compared to slaves, 16:75, 75a; claim their idol-worship is God's will, see Predestination; claim their gods bring them near Allah, 17:42, 42a; 39:3, 3a; asked to "name" gods, 13:33, 33b; call on One God when in distress, 6:41, 41a; uncleanness of, 9:28, 28a; degradation of, 22:31; greed of, 2:96; devil's authority over, 16:100; do not help poor, 41:67; works of, rendered null, 6:88, 88a; 39:65; idolatrous customs of, see under Arabs; denial of gods on Day of Judgment 6:2223; 7:37; 10:28; 16:27, 86; 28:6264; 35:14; 40:7374; 41:4748; 46:6. See also 33:73; 42:13; 48:6; 68:41; 98:13
relations of with Muslims : their hostility towards Muslims, 2:105; 3:186; 5:82; marriage with, prohibited, 2:221; Prophet to turn away from, 6:106107; 15:94; war with, 9:5, 5a, 36, 36b; agreements made with, 9:112, 1a12a; and Sacred House, 9:1719; forgiveness not to be asked for those who die as, 9:113, 113a
Poor the care of, 90:1116, 16a; 59:89, 8a, 9a; 69:3334; 74:44; 89:18, 18a; 107:13, 3a; shall be raised to eminence through the Qur'an, 80:16a; see also Charity.
Poor-rate (Zakat) a fundamental principle of Islam, see under Charity.
Potiphar 12:21a, 30a
Prayer is answered, 2:186, 186a; 3:195; 40:60; 14:39; 19:4; 20:89a; 21:84, 88, 90; 27:62; 37:75; 42:26; benefit of, 29:45; 9:99, 103; 10:87; 11:52; 19:48; 25:77; 52:2728; 71:1012; to pray is in man's nature, 1:4; 6:41; 41:4951; man's ungratefulness after acceptance of his, 6:6364; 7:189190; 10:12, 2223; 16:5354; 30:3334; 39:8, 49; true spirit of, 2:45; 2:177a; 2:238, 238a; 6:63, 162; 7:5556, 205; 19:3; 23:12; 32:1516, 16a; 57:16; 73:8; sincerity in, 7:29; 29:65; 31:32; 40:14, 65; when devoid of spirit, 107:45, 5a; is a glorification of God, 20:130; 50:3940; 76:2526; comfort sought in, 20:130a; restrains from sins, 29:45, 45a; 2:186, 186a; efficacy of, 2:186a; as the means of obtaining great good, 108:2a; regularized by Islam, 2:3b; a fundamental duty in Islam, 2:177, 277; 7:170; 9:71; 13:22; 24:56; 30:31; meaning of, must be understood, 4:43, 43a; in danger, 2:239; to be shortened when travelling, 4:101; when actually fighting, 4:102; must be performed at fixed times, 4:103, 103a; the five times, 11:114, 114a; 17:78, 78a; 20:130, 130a; 30:1718, 18a; 7:205a; the tahajjud, 17:79, 79a; 73:6, 6a, 20, 20a; 32:16; 51:17; middle course to be adopted with regard to, 17:110, 110b
some prayers from the Qur'an : the ideal prayer, 1:17; prayers for guidance, 3:8; 5:83; for forgiveness and protection from sin and evil, 2:286; 3:191194; 7:23; 7:155156; 11:47; 21:87; 23:9798, 118; 28:16; 40:79; 59:10; 71:28; for seeking refuge in Allah, ch. 113; ch. 114; for joining the righteous, 3:193; 7:47; 12:101; for help against enemy, 2:250, 286; 3:147; for seeking of good, 2:201; 7:156; for help in affairs, 17:80; 18:10; 20:2528; for family, 3:38; 14:4041; 25:74; 46:15; for believers, 14:41; 59:10; 71:28; when oppressed and persecuted, 4:75; 7:126; 10:8586; 60:5; when in distress, 21:83, 8788; 54:10; for a journey, 11:41; 23:29; for knowledge, 20:114; in gratitude, 27:19; 46:15; for acceptance of prayer, 2:127
Predestination man not compelled but given choice, 74:56a; 76:30a; see Religion : one is free; idol-worshippers try to use as argument, 6:148149, 149a; 16:35, 35a; 43:2022
Prideaux Dr., 59:2a
Priests taken as gods, 3:64, 64a; 6:137; 9:31, 31a; 17:57, 57a; devouring people's property falsely, 9:34; falsely claim purity, 4:49, 49a; hypocrisy of, 2:44, 44a
Privacy see under Marriage.
Promised land 5:12b; see under Israelites.
Property to be treated as a means of support, 4:5, 5a; not to be acquired illegally, 4:29, 29a; respect for property rights, 2:188, 188a; to be respected and safeguarded, 2:282a; see Civic Life.
Prophethood finality of, 33:40, 40a; 4:69a; 5:3d
Prophets (See also Revelation.)
belief in, is essential, 2:177, 285; 3:179; 4:171; 57:19; raised among all nations, 2:213, 213a, 213b; 10:47, 47a; 16:36, 84, 84a, 89; 35:24, 24a; all prophets are not mentioned in the Qur'an, 4:164; 40:78; 14:9a; no distinction between, as regards belief in, 2:136, 285; 3:84; 4:150152, 151a; all sent as part of one system, 2:87; 3:3334; 5:19; 23:44; 57:2627; granted book, judgment and prophecy, 6:89, 89a; sent with arguments and scriptures, 3:184, 184a; 16:4344; 35:25; 57:25; as warners and bearers of good news, 2:213; 4:165; 6:48; 18:56; basic religion of all was submission to One God, 2:132133; 3:19a; 42:13, 13a; all taught Unity of God, 21:2425, 24a; 39:6566; 43:45; 6:88, 88a; could not claim divinity, 3:7980, 80a; 21:29; choice of, is made by Allah, 6:124, 124a; 22:75; 28:68; 40:15; sinlessness of, 21:2528, 27a; cannot act unfaithfully, 3:161; Divine secrets are made known to, 72:2627; revelation to, specially guarded, 72:2728; had wives and children, 13:38; were mortals, 14:11; 36:15; and ate food, 21:78, 8a; 23:33; 25:20; to serve as models must be human beings, 23:33a; mocked at by enemies, 6:10, 10a; 13:32; 15:1011; 21:41, 41a; 36:30; Divine promise of help to, 2:214, 214b; 14:1320; receive Divine help, 12:110; 21:9; 30:47; 40:51; doom of the opponents of, 6:4245; 14:1320; 17:77; 43:68; 77:7, 7a; histories of, why related in the Qur'an, 7:59a; meant as a warning, 7:94a; 11:35a, 49a; 12:102a, 111; slaying of, see Israelites : try to kill prophets; from among jinn, 6:130, 130a; teachings of, corrupted by evil generations, 16:6364, 64a; 19:59; 57:16; false prophets would not prosper, 69:4447, 47a; differences of degrees of excellence, 2:253, 253a; 17:55, 55a; covenant with, 3:81, 81a; 33:7, 7a; all prophets testified to the truth of the Holy Prophet, 3:81, 81a
Prostitution 4:3a (2nd); 24:33, 33c

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Qais 16:103a
Qiblah 2:125b; meaning of, 2:142a; previous to Flight, 2:142a; change in, 2:142, 142a; afforded a distinction, 2:143, 143d; differences of Jews and Christians with regard to, 2:145, 145a; as a symbol of the unity of Muslim brotherhood, 2:148a; see also Ka`bah.
Quba' mosque at, 9:108, 108a
Quraish who they were, 106:1, 1a; trade of, 106:2, 2a; advantages enjoyed by, 106:4, 4a; praying for a decision before going to Badr, 8:19a; the nine chiefs, 27:48a; doom of, 53:57, 57a; ch. 54 intro.; prophecy of the defeat of, 70:4044, 44a; see also Muhammad : Opposition to.
Qur'an the Holy, significance of the name, 2:185b; names of, p. I-25; the most widely read book, 2:185b; is a revelation to Prophet from Allah, 20:24; 27:6; 39:41; 53:10; original or basis of, 43:4, 4a; 13:39, 39a; opponents challenged to produce the like of, 2:2324, 23a; 10:3738; 11:1314, 13a; 17:88, 88a; 52:3334, 34a; unique position of, among the books, 25:33a; 68:2a; a book whose blessings shall not be intercepted, 6:92, 155a; a warning for the whole world, 6:19, 19a; 25:1, 1a; settles all differences, 2:213c, 213d; 16:64; a book to be pondered over, 4:82; 23:68; 38:29; 47:24; a complete collection of best moral and spiritual teachings, 17:89, 89a; 29:48a; 39:27, 27a; 18:54; 30:58; a collection of all that is best in any religion and scripture, 16:69a; 98:3, 3a; contains the highest conceivable ideas, 29:49, 49a; is perfect and right-directing, 5:3d; 18:12, 2a; 39:28; is the truth, 6:66; 17:105; 23:90; 32:3; 35:31; truth of, recognized through knowledge, 22:54; 34:6; contains the best narratives, 12:13, 3a; explains everything necessary, 6:114; 10:37, 37a; 12:111; 16:89, 89b; 17:12; is a guidance, 2:2, 2c; 3:138; 39:23; 45:11; is a guidance and mercy, 10:57, 57a; 29:51, 51a; 7:52; 27:77; 31:3; is a guidance and good news, 2:97; 16:89, 102; 27:2; guides to what is upright, 17:9; contains guidance and arguments and affords a criterion, 2:185, 185c; contains answers to objections as well as arguments, 25:33, 33a; gives clear evidence and proof, 6:104; 7:203; 45:20; consists of clear messages, 2:99; 22:16; 24:1; 57:9; makes manifest, 15:1; 26:2, 2a; called Reminder, 15:6, 9; 16:4344, 43a; 20:99; 21:50; 80:4, 11, 16a; Reminder for all nations, 6:90, 90a; 12:104; 38:87; 68:52; 81:27, 27a; a reminder of what is imprinted on human nature, 7:2b; is free from every discrepancy, 4:82, 82a; uniformity in, 39:23, 23a; rule of interpretation of, 3:7, 7a, 7b; ch. 3 intro.; falsehood shall not prevail against, 41:4142; is a purifier, 29:45, 45a; gives life to dead hearts, 13:31a; 41:39a; a healing for spiritual diseases, 10:57, 57a; 17:82, 82a; 41:44, 44b; to be listened to with silence, 7:204; opponents of, try to prevent its hearing, 41:26; a book of wisdom, 10:1, 1b; 3:58; 11:1; 31:2; 36:2; knowledge of, taught by God, 55:12; 75:19; to be taught gradually, 17:106; duty of explaining message of, to people, 3:187; brings forth men from darkness into light, 14:1; 57:9; 65:11; not the work of a poet, 26:224226, 226a; 36:69, 69a; 69:41; cannot be the work of devil, 26:210212, 212a; 81:25, 25a; must achieve its object, 20:25, 2a, 4a; revealed to the Prophet's heart, 2:97; 26:193194, 194a; revealed on a blessed night, 44:3, 3a; 97:1, 1a; revelation of, began in Ramadan, 2:185, 185a, 185b; revealed piece-meal, 25:32; 76:23; made to enter into hearts, 26:200, 200a; manifests glory of God, 29:45a (2nd); revealed in Arabic, 12:2; 16:103, 103a; 20:113; 26:195; 41:3, 44; 42:7; 43:3; 46:12, 12a; made easy in Arabic, 19:97; 44:58; made easy to remember, 54:40; Fatihah is essence of whole, ch. 1 intro.; 15:87, 87a; Divine promise to guard it against corruption, 15:9, 9a; 56:7780, 79a; 85:2122, 22a; 96:4a; abrogation of verses of, erroneous doctrine, see Abrogation; revelation of, was requirement of beneficence of Allah, 55:12, 2a; makes prophecy clearer gradually, 20:114a; 75:16a; Christian nations of future believing in truth of, 72:114, 1a, 3a; transformation wrought by, 2:23a; 13:31, 31a; 59:21; 84:15, 1a; will make its followers eminent, 7:2b; 21:10, 10a; 38:1b; scribes of, shall be honoured, 80:1316, 16a

and previous revelation : verifies previous revelation, 2:41, 41a, 89, 101; 6:92; 10:37; 35:31, 31a; fulfils previous prophecy, 10:94; 20:133; 26:196197; 28:5253, 52a; 46:12, 12a; verifies and guards all previous revelations, 5:48, 48a; abrogation, refers to abrogation of previous scriptures, 2:106, 106a; 16:101, 101a; connection of, with previous revelation, 28:51, 51a; borne testimony to by Moses, 11:17, 17a; 46:10, 10a

differences of, with the Bible, regarding : Aaron, 2:51b, 93c; 20:90a; Abraham, 37:102a; 2:260a; God did not rest, 50:38a; Jesus, 3:55d; Jacob, 12:18a, 68a, 87a; Joseph, 12:28a, 70a; Moses, 7:108a, 126a, 154a, 155a; Noah, 11:42a; 7:64a; Solomon, 2:102d; 27:44c; alleged instances of anachronism, 2:249a; 28:25a, 27a; 71:23a

collection of, p. I-26; in the time of Abu Bakr meant collection of manuscripts, p. I-59, pp. I-73 to I-77; internal evidence of collection of, 75:1718, 17a; the whole was written in Prophet's lifetime, p. I-55; evidence of the writing of, 2:2b; 52:41a; 68:2a, 47a; 80:1316, 16a; 98:2, 2a; scribes of, among the companions, pp. I-57, I-58; stress laid by Prophet on learning, pp. I-60, I-61; zeal of companions to preserve every word of, p. I-60; the whole, committed to memory in Prophet's lifetime, pp. I-60 to I-65; recited by Muslims in day and night prayers, p. I-64; 73:20, 20a; in how many days should it be finished, p. I-63; arrangement of verses and chapters of, pp. I-65 to I-73; allegations of absence of arrangement in the text, pp. I-67 to I-69; evidence that arrangement was meant to be different from order of revelation, p. I-66; arrangement of, by revelation, 25:32, 32a; seven manzils (divisions) of, pp. I-26, I-63, I-71; numbering of verses in the Prophet's time, p. I-70; arrangement of chapters in Prophet's time, p. I-71; no evidence of change having ever been made in arrangement of, pp. I-69, I-70; impossibility of error creeping into, p. I-77; differences in readings of, pp. I-81 to I-86; different readings allowed in reading, not meant to be permanent, p. I-83; `Uthman made copies of Abu Bakr's collection, pp. I-77 to I-81; orders given by `Uthman to write it in the language of Quraish in case of a difference, pp. I-78, I-80; Muir on the collection and arrangement of, pp. I-55, I-61, I-67, I-68, I-77, I-84; Dr. Mingana's discovery of stray leaves of, pp. I-85, I-86; present Qur'an is exactly as Holy Prophet left it, p. I-81; no variation in any Qur'an in Muslim world, pp. I-83 to I-85


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Rachael 12:77a
Ramadan 2:185a; revelation of the Qur'an in, 2:185, 185a; fasting the whole month necessary, 2:185; see also Fasting.
Ramesus II identified with Pharaoh of Moses, 10:92a
Rass 25:38, 38a; 50:12
Receivers the two, 50:1718, 18a; see also Life after death.
Record of deeds recorders of actions, see Life after death.
Red Sea 2:50a
Reformer see Mujaddid.
Rehoboam 34:14a; 38:34a
Relationship ties of, to be respected, 4:1; 8:75; 9:10; 24:61; 25:54; 33:6; 42:23; doing good to relatives, 2:83, 177; 4:8, 36; 16:90; 17:26; 24:22; 30:38; must bear true witness even against relatives, 4:135, 135a; 6:152, 152b; duty to Allah above, 9:2324, 113; 58:22; 63:9; 64:1416, 14a; of no avail on Day of Judgment, 23:101; 60:3; 70:1114; 80:3337
Religion differences of, should not be a cause of dispute, 2:139, 139a; 22:17, 17a; 22:6769; 29:46; 42:15; to be judged on Day of Judgment, see Day : of Resurrection; freedom of, 2:193, 193a; 2:256, 256a; 8:39, 39a; 10:99; 22:40, 40a; one is free to accept or reject truth, 6:104; 10:41, 108; 18:29; 27:92; 39:41; 73:19; 74:5455; 76:3, 3a, 29; study of, 9:122, 122a; not to be followed blindly, see under Intellectual development; spirit of, more important than form of, 2:177, 177a; 3:92; 22:37, 37a; ch. 107 and notes.
Religious leaders see Priests.
Reminder see under Qur'an.
Repentance what is meant by, 2:37a; 2:160; 3:89; 4:145146; 5:39; 16:119; 24:5; 28:67; 66:8; when not acceptable, 3:90, 90a; 4:1718, 18a; see also Allah : Forgiving.
Resurrection three senses of, 22:5a; a manifestation of hidden realities, see under Life after death; a new growth, 23:1416, 14a; 32:1011; 36:7881, 81a; 50:34, 4a; 56:6061, 61a; 71:1718, 18a; 75:3640; 80:2122; preservation of what is necessary for, 50:4, 4a; the spiritual resurrection, 30:19, 19a; 36:33, 33a; 82:4a; see also Day, the Last.
Retaliation law of, 2:178, 178a; allowed in Islam only in murder cases, ibid.; among pre-Islamite Arabs, ibid.; Jewish law modified, ibid.; alleviation of punishment, 2:178b; law of, in Torah, 5:45, 45a
Revelation is a universal experience of humanity, 4:163165; 5:48b; 22:67a; and see Prophets : raised among all nations; Muslims must believe in all revelation, 2:4, 4a, 136, 177c, 285; 3:84; 4:136; 5:59; 29:46, 46a; 42:15a; a requirement of Divine attributes, 6:91, 91a; helps man to overcome evil, 2:38, 38a, 151; 5:6566; 7:35; 17:82; 41:44, 44b; 47:2; 62:2; effect of, likened to rain on earth, 7:57, 57b; 16:65, 65a; 22:5, 5e; 29:63; 35:9; 36:33, 33a; 41:39, 39a; five kinds of, 16:69a; in broad sense granted to objects and beings other than man, 8:12; 16:6869; 41:12; 99:45; granted to man in three ways, 42:51, 51a; descends upon the heart, 2:97; 26:192194, 194a; 53:1011
revelation to non-prophets : to Moses' mother, 20:38; 28:7; to Mary, 3:4243, 4547; 19:1721, 17a, 2426; to disciples of Jesus, 5:111; continuance of, among Muslims, 1:6a; 33:40a; granted to companions of the Prophet, 58:22; granted to true believers, 10:6264, 64a; 41:3032, 31a; 12:108; as distinguished from revelation of prophets, 42:51a
Righteousness what it consists of, 2:177; 3:92; the righteous, 4:69, 69a; 76:5
Rock dwellers of the, 15:80, 80a; 7:74a; hearts likened to, 2:74, 74a
Romans the, 30:2a; prophecy about victory of, over Persians, 30:3a; Tabuk expedition against, see Tabuk.
Rukanah 2:230b

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Saba' 27:22, 22a; ch. 34 intro., 34:15, 16a
Sab` al-Mu`allaqat p. I-55
Sabbath violation of, by Israelites, 2:65, 65a; 4:47, 47a, 154; 7:163, 163a; 16:124, 124a; different Islamic concept of day of worship, 2:65a; 62:9a
Sabians 2:62, 62a; 5:69; 6:75a; 22:17
Sacred months 2:189a; wars not to be carried on in, except when enemy is aggressive, 2:194, 194a, 217, 217a; their postponement, 9:3637, 36a, 37a
Sacrifice 22:28, 28a; meaning underlying, 22:3437, 34a37a; as the means of obtaining great good, 108:2, 2a
Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas 2:180a; 29:8a
Sa`d ibn Mu`adh 33:26a
Safa, and Marwah 2:158, 158a, 158b; 2:196a; 14:37a; Prophet addresses his kinsfolk from, 26:214a
Safiyyah 33:50a (5th); 66:1a
Safwan 24:11a
Saints worship of, 17:57, 57a; 18:21d; see also Priests.
Salih his preaching to Thamud, their rejection and destruction, 7:7379; 11:6168; 14:914; 26:141159; 27:4553; she-camel of, as a sign, 7:73, 73c; 11:6465; 17:59; 26:155158, 155a; 54:2731, 28a; 91:1314; see also Thamud.
Salman 16:103a; 62:3a
Salsabil 76:18, 18a
Salvation how attained, 2:38, 38a, 112, 112a; 89:2730, 30a; 91:910, 10a
Samiri leads Israelites astray, 20:85, 85a; makes a calf, 20:8788, 87a; confesses, 20:96, 96a; is punished by Moses, 20:97, 97a
Samuel 2:246248, 246a
San`a church at, 105:1a
Saudah 33:50a (3rd)
Saul made a king, 2:247, 247a247c; tranquillity in heart of, 2:248, 248a, 248c; tries Israelites by a river, 2:249, 249a
Scandal preventions against, 24:5859, 58a
Science study of nature urged and man to conquer nature, see under Intellectual development, Knowledge and Man; see also Nature; law and order in nature, 67:34, 3a, 3b; unity in diversity of nature, 13:34, 4a; scientific disclosures in Qur'an : prophecy about spread of books and making of scientific discoveries, 81:1011, 10a, 11a; 72:8a; 99:5a; laws of gravitation, 13:2, 2a; 31:10; 77:2526, 26a; moon does not possess original light, 17:12, 12a; 91:2; life created from water, see Water; orbits of planetary bodies, 21:33; 23:17, 17a; 36:40, 40a; 51:7, 7a; life elsewhere in universe, see Heaven: living beings in; cosmography, 2:29b; 65:12a; sun's movement in space, 36:38, 38a; creation of universe and its stages, 21:30, 30a; 41:912, 10a; 79:30, 30a, 33a; unlimited creation, 31:27, 27a; heaven originally vapour, 41:11, 11a; geological convulsions in earth's history, 16:15, 15a; future forms of transport, 36:4142, 42a; space travel, 15:1415; 29:22; 55:33; 78:19; 81:11; creation of all things in pairs, see Pairs; growth of child in womb, 23:1314, 14a; existence of sub-conscious mind, 20:7, 7a; existence of what is smaller than atom, 10:61, 61a; 34:3, 3a; work of honey bee, 16:6869; evolution of man, see Evolution; atomic warfare, 17:58, 58a; 22:12; 55:35, 35a; 70:89; 73:1418
Scythians 18:94a
Sea man to derive advantage from, 16:14; 35:12; ships running in, for man's benefit, 2:164; 14:32; 17:66; 22:65; 31:31; see also Ships; the two seas, 25:53, 53a; 35:12; 55:1925, 20a
Seal of prophets 33:40, 40a; see also Prophethood.
Secret counsels condemned, 4:81, 81a, 108; 9:78; 13:10a; 17:47; 58:78, 10, 7a, 10a; private counsels for good causes, 4:114; 58:9, 9a
Sectarianism condemned, 3:103; 6:159, 159a; 30:3132
Seeds growth of, brought about by God, 56:6365; truth likened to sowing of, 6:95, 95a; 48:29; see also under Parable.
Sergius Nestorian monk, 16:103a
Seven, and Seventy significance of, 2:29b
Seven sleepers story of the, 18:13a
Shaibah ibn Rabi`ah 27:48a
Sheba queen of, 27:2044, and notes.
Shi`ah view of the Qur'an pp. I-84, I-85
Ships 36:41; 42:3233; 43:1214; see also Sea.
Shirk see Polytheism.
Shittim 2:58a
Shiva 43:59a
Shu`aib 7:8593; 11:8495; 15:7879; 26:176191; 28:25a; 29:3637
Sidrah the, 53:14, 14a
Signs demanded by unbelievers, 2:118, 118a; 6:3537, 35a, 37a; 6:109, 109a; 10:20, 20a; 13:7, 27, 27a; 20:133; 21:5, 5a; shown in support of Islam, 13:38, 38a; 17:90a, 93a; 21:37, 38a; 26:4, 4a; 27:93, 93a; 41:53, 53a; 3:12, 12a (2nd); denied and scoffed at, 2:145, 145a; 6:25, 25a, 109, 109a, 111, 111a; 17:59, 59a; 30:5859; 37:1415; 54:2; punishment of opponents as, 11:103; 15:75, 75a; 26:67, 103 etc.; 27:52; 34:9; of spiritual revival, 16:65, 65a; 36:33, 33a, 37, 37a
in nature, 10:6; 12:105; 17:12; 29:44; 45:34; 51:2021; see also Intellectual development : signs in nature.
Sin division into Kabirah (major) and Saghirah (minor), 4:31a; release from the bondage of, 29:45a; open and secret denounced alike, 6:120, 120a, 151; 7:33; see Atonement, Evil, and Allah : Forgiving.
Sinlessness a stage in spiritual advancement, 2:82a; 76:5a; see also under Prophets.
Slander 4:112; 24:4, 4a, 23, 27a; 68:1013; 104:1, 1a Slaughter, of animals, see Food.
Slaves freedom of, enjoined, 2:177e; 9:60, 60a; 24:33, 33b; 47:4; 90:13, 16a; slavery, disallowed, 47:4a; liberating, as expiation for sin, 4:92; 5:89; 58:3; relations with female slaves, see Concubinage and Female Slaves.
Sodom 25:40, 40a; 29:3435, 35a; 15:7476; see also Lot.
Solar system 23:17a; 78:1213, 13a; see also Heaven.
Solomon was a prophet, 4:163, 164a; 6:84; fabrications against, 2:102, 102c, 102f (2nd); did not worship idols, 2:102, 102d; 27:44c; wind being made subservient to, refers to fleet of, 21:81, 81a; 34:12, 12a; jinn and devils working for, 21:82a; 34:12c; 38:3738, 38a; understands speech of birds, 27:16, 16a; granted abundance, 27:16, 16b; hosts of, 27:17a; and the Naml, 27:1819, 18a; reviews birds, 27:20; and the Queen of Sheba, the story of, 27:2044; shows her the error of sun-worship by metaphor of palace of glass, 27:44, 44b; story of killing the horses, 38:33a; death of, 34:14; weak rule of the successor of, 34:14, 14a; 38:3435, 34a; prays for a spiritual kingdom, 38:35, 35a
Son adopted is not real, 33:4, 4b; see also Parents.
Sonship doctrine of, rejected, 2:116, 116a; 6:101, 101a; 9:30, 30b; 10:68; 18:1a, 45; 19:35, 8893, 92a; 21:17a, 2627, 26a; 23:91; 43:8182, 81a; 112:3, 4a; term son of God, metaphorical use of, 21:26, 26a; 39:4, 4a; 43:81a; use as meaning favourite, 5:18, 18a; 9:30a
Soothsayers 15:18a; 37:710, 7a10a; see Astrologers.
Soul see Human soul.
Spirit as meaning Gabriel, 2:87, 87a; 16:102, 102a; 26:193, 193a; awakening of Divine, in man, 70:4, 4a; 78:38, 38a; descent of, 97:4, 4a; as meaning revelation, 4:171, 171b; 17:85, 85a; 40:15, 15a; 42:52, 52b; believers strengthened with, 58:22; Divine spirit breathed into man, see Human soul.
Spirit of truth Jesus' prophecy of coming of, 5:3d, 14a; 17:81, 81a; 61:6, 6a
Spiritual growth three stages of, 12:53a; ch. 75 intro.; animal stage, 12:53, 53a; self-accusing spirit, 75:2, ch. 75 intro.; final stage, soul at rest, 89:2730, 30a
Spiritual majority attained at forty, 46:15, 15a
Star the, disappearance of, 53:1, 1a
Stars as means of conjectures for astrologers, 67:5, 5a; disappearance of, 77:8, 10a; darkening of, 81:2, 2a; dispersal of, 82:2, 4a; as direction guides for man, 6:97, 97a; 16:16; made subservient to man, 7:54; 16:12; worship of, condemned, 6:76; 37:8889; make submission to God, 22:18; in Joseph's vision, 12:4
State Polity Intercommunal relations, 3:186; 60:89, 8a; form of government, 42:38, 38a; 3:159, 159b; who should be placed in authority, 4:58, 58a; fitness to rule, 2:247; 12:5556; 22:41; 24:55; 38:1720; those unfit to rule, 4:53, 53a; 38:3435, 34a, 35a; rulers on trial, 10:14; obedience to authority, limits of, 4:59, 59a; 12:76, 76b; justice as the basis of rule, 4:58, 105107, 105a, 135; 5:2, 2c, 8; 6:152, 152b; 16:90; 38:26; 42:15; faithfulness to treaties, 5:1, 1a; 9:4, 4a, 7, 7a; 16:92, 92b, 94; when war becomes necessary, 2:190193, 190a193b, 246, 251, 251b; 4:75, 75a; 8:39, 39a; 9:13, 29; 22:3940, 39a, 40a; peace, 8:6162, 62a; 8:58, 58a; 9:14
Submission, to God see Islam : significance of.
Sumayyah 16:106a
Sun total eclipse of, 7:188a; course of the, 36:38, 38a; folding up of, ch. 81 intro.; 81:1, 1a; Holy Prophet as sun of righteousness, 33:46, 46a; ch. 91 intro.; 91:1, 1a; worship of, 2:258c; 19:25a; 37:125a; see also Sun and moon.
Sun and moon function of, in nature, 6:96; 7:54; 10:5; 21:33; 36:3840; 55:5; 71:1516; submit to God, 22:18; made subservient to man, 13:2; 14:33; 16:12; 29:61; 31:29; 35:13; 39:5; not to be worshipped, 6:7778; 41:37; in Joseph's vision, 12:4; brought together, 75:9, 9a; perfect man likened to, 91:12, 7a
Sunnah 16:89b; see Hadith.
Suraqah ibn Malik 8:48a; 22:23a; 35:33a
Suwa` 71:23, 23a

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Tabari 53:21a
Tabuk expedition to, 9:38a; difficulties of the Muslims, ibid.; Muslims enjoined to march forth to, 9:41, 41a; length of journey, 9:42, 42a; subscriptions for the expedition to, 9:79a; called the expedition of straitness, 9:117a; brought about clear distinction between believers and hypocrites, 9:43110
Ta'if 43:31a; Prophet's visit to, ch. 72 intro.; 72:24a
Ta`mah ibn Ubairaq 4:105a
Tamim Dari 5:106a
Taqdir significance of, as meaning making to a measure, 80:19, 19a; 87:3, 3a; 25:2; 54:49; as referring to measure in laws of nature, 15:21; 23:18; 43:11; see also Fatalism and Predestination.
Tasnim 83:27a
Taubah on the part of Allah, 9:117a; 2:37a; 4:17; 5:39; see also Repentance.
Taurat see Torah.
Tayammum 4:43, 43e; 5:6
Thabit ibn Qais 2:229d
Tha`labah 9:83a, 84a
Thamud history of, 7:73a; borne out by remains of rock habitations, 7:74a; reject Salih and are destroyed, see Salih and 15:8084; 17:59; 25:38; 29:38; 41:1314, 1718; 51:4345; 53:51; 54:2331, 31a; 69:45, 4a, 5a; 85:18; 89:9; 91:1115, 11a
Thaqif 9:25a
Thaur Mount, 9:40a
Theft 5:38, 38a
Theodosius 18:13a
Throne see `Arsh.
Time testimony of, that truth shall prosper, 103:13, 3a
Titus 5:78a; 17:7a
Torah 3:3; significance of, 3:3b; corruption of, see under Bible; retaliation in, 5:45, 45a; Jesus verified but made changes in law of, see Jesus; promises success for sacrifices made, 9:111, 111a; not observed by its followers, 5:43, 43a, 66, 68, 68a; 62:5; see also 3:65, 93; 7:157; 48:29; see Bible.
Trade is work and not like usury, 2:275, 275b; see topics under Civic Life; not to divert man from duty to God, 24:37; 62:9; high regard for honesty in, 4:69a (2nd) and see Civic Life: honesty.
Tranquillity see under Heart; see also 9:26, 40; 48:18, 26
Treaties stress laid on regard for, as opposed to modern loose views on, see Morals: true to covenants and State Polity.
Trees good and evil likened to, 14:2426, 24a, 26a; metaphor of all being pens, 31:27; function of in nature, see Nature.
Trench companions of the, 85:4, 4a
Trinity doctrine of, refuted, 4:171, 171c; 5:73, 73a
Trumpet blowing of, 6:73, 73b; 18:99, 99a; 27:87, 87a; 39:68, 68a; 20:102; 36:51; 50:20; 78:18
Trust(s) to be given to those worthy of holding, 4:58, 58a; one must be faithful to, 8:27; 23:8; nature faithful to, but not so man, 33:72, 72a
Tubba` people of, 44:37, 37a; 50:14

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`Ubaid-Allah 33:50a (4th)
Ubayy ibn Ka`b alleged collection of Qur'an of, p. I-72
Ubayy ibn Khalf 30:3a (4th)
Uhud battle of, 3:121, 121a; hypocrites desert Muslims at, 3:122, 122b; assistance of angels at, 3:124, 124a; enemy returns disappointed, 3:127, 127a; served as a distinction, 3:140143, 154168; causes of the misfortune, 3:152153; victory was first obtained, 3:152, 152b; the party who made default, 3:152c; enemy assumes offensive after retreat and Muslims in disorder, 3:153, 152d; Muslims rally round the Prophet at his call and defend themselves, 3:154; murmurings of hypocrites, 3:154, 154b154f; delinquents pardoned, 3:152, 152d, 155, 155a; Prophet's gentle dealing, 3:159, 159a
`Ukl 2:217b
`Umar objects to funeral service for hypocrite, 9:80a; has misgivings about Hudaibiyah truce, 48:1a; and the incident of Prophet's separation from wives, 66:1a; some incidents when Caliph, 16:41a; 22:23a; 59:7a; expelled Jews from Arabia, 59:2a; story of conversion of, pp. I-56, I-58, I-59; emphasized necessity of collecting written manuscripts of the Qur'an, pp. I-74 to I-76
Umayyah ibn Abi Salt 7:175a
Umayyah ibn Khalf 27:48a; 53:62a
Umm Habibah 33:50a (4th)
Umm al-Kitab 13:39b; 43:4a; 3:7
Umm Salamah 33:50a (4th); 66:1a
Ummi significance of, 7:157a
`Umrah see Pilgrimage, the minor.
Universe beginning and end of, 46:3, 3a; life elsewhere in, see Heaven : living beings in; see also topics under Science and Heaven.
Usaf idol, 2:158b; 71:23a
Usury 2:275280, 275a280a; 3:130, 130a; 30:39, 39a
`Utbah ibn Rabi`ah 27:48a; 41:13a
`Uthman at Uhud, 3:152d; testimony of, to the writing of the Qur'an, p. I-57; collection of, was simply a transcription of copies from Abu Bakr's collection, pp. I-77 to I-80; orders of, to destroy private copies of the Qur'an, pp. I-80, I-81
`Uzza idol, 4:117a; 53:19

V [Go to: Top || A  | BCDEF | G | HIJKLM | N | OPQRST | U | VWXYZ]

Veil face-covering, not enjoined by Islam, 24:31a; between righteous and unrighteous, 7:46, 46a; removed from eyes after death, 50:22, 22a
Virtue see Good works and Morals.
Visions granted to righteous Muslims, 10:64a; 42:51a; instances of, seen by Abraham, Joseph, Moses and Mary, see under their names; Mi`raj was a vision, see Ascension; various kinds of, ch. 12 intro. (2nd); seen by ordinary people and unbelievers, 12:3641, 4349

W [Go to: Top || A  | BCDEF | G | HIJKLM | N | OPQRST | U | VWXYZ]

Wadd idol, 71:23, 23a
Walid ibn Mughirah 68:16a; 74:15a
Walid ibn `Utbah 27:48a
Wall to keep out Gog and Magog, 18:9498, 94a (7th); between hypocrites and believers, 57:13
Waqidi 53:21a
Wars modern, spoken of in Qur'an, 18:99, 99a; ch. 100 intro.; 100:6a; as precursors of a spiritual awakening, ibid.; see also Muslim Wars and under State Polity.
Water as source of life, 21:30, 30b; 24:45, 45a; 11:7, 7a; 25:54
Wealth see Civic Life.
Widows period of waiting for, 2:234, 234a; remarriage permitted, 2:234235, 234b; provision for, in addition to share of inheritance, 2:240, 240a
Wills see Bequest.
Wine see Intoxicants; spiritual, in Paradise, see Paradise : drinks of.
Witnesses see Evidence.
Wives (See also Marriage, Widows and Women.)
rights of, 2:228, 228c; 4:34, 34a34e; may claim divorce, 2:229, 229d; see also Divorce; as bringer up of children, 2:223, 223a; dowry must be given to, by husband, 4:4, 4a; see also Dowry; what women it is forbidden to marry, 4:23; marriage as means of raising women's status, 4:4a; desertion of, 4:34e; must not be abused but treated kindly, 4:1920; relation of husband and wife, 2:187, 187a; 30:21, 21a
Women (See also Marriage and Wives.)
Introduction pp. I-52 to I-54; can receive revelation, 3:42; 19:17; 20:38; 28:7; Mary is listed with prophets, 21:9192 in context of 21:7690; is mentioned in terms for prophets, 19:16; is set as example to all believers, 66:1112; Prophet's wives as religious teachers of all Muslims, 33:32a, 34a; women given equal reward to men, 3:195; 4:124; 16:97; 40:40; have same moral qualities as men, 33:35; equals in Muslim fraternity, 9:7172; equally entitled to blessings of Paradise as men, see under Paradise; complaint of ordinary woman against husband heard by Allah, 58:14, 1a; take pledge with Prophet, 60:12; daughters given precedence over sons, 42:4950, 50a; earning and property rights of, 4:4, 4a, 7, 7a, 32; injunction regarding dress of, 24:31, 31a, 31b, 60, 60a; 33:59, 59a; position of, in pre-Islamic Arabia, 4:7a, 19a, 19b, 20a; 33:4, 4b; 58:14, 1a; burying alive of infant girls before Islam, see under Arabs; prophecy of greater awareness of women's rights in future times, 81:89, 9a
Word(s) of Allah significances of, 3:39b; word as meaning prophecy fulfilled by John, 3:39, 39b; and by Jesus, 3:45, 45a; 4:171, 171a; words as meaning prophecies sure to be fulfilled, 6:34, 34a, 115; 10:64, 64b; 18:27, 27a; as creation, 18:109, 109a; 31:27
Wudu' see Ablution.

Y [Go to: Top || A  | BCDEF | G | HIJKLM | N | OPQRST | U | VWXYZ]

Yaghuth idol, 71:23, 23a
Ya`ish 16:103a
Yaman 27:20a; 34:19a; 85:4a
Yambros 7:126a
Yanos 7:126a
Yasir a Christian slave, 16:103a, 106a
Yathrib 33:13, 13a; see Madinah.
Ya`uq idol, 71:23, 23a
Yuz Asaf identified with Jesus Christ, 23:50a

Z [Go to: Top || A  | BCDEF | G | HIJKLM | N | OPQRST | U | VWXYZ]

Zacharias was a prophet, 6:85; Mary given into charge of, 3:37; prays for a son, 3:38; 19:26; 21:8990; birth of John announced to, 3:3940; 19:79; a sign granted to, 3:41, 41a; 19:10, 10a
Zaid ibn Thabit scribe of Holy Prophet, p. I-57; collected manuscripts of Qur'an written in Prophet's presence, pp. I-59, I-60, I-65; gives account of how collection came to be ordered, pp. I-74, I-75; searches for manuscripts, pp. I-75 to I-77; appointed, with others, by `Uthman to make copies from original collection, pp. I-78 to I-80
Zaid son of Harithah, 33:36a; divorces Zainab, 33:37, 37a
Zainab 33:3637, 36a, 37a, 50a (4th)
Zainab daughter of Khuzaimah, 33:50a (4th)
Zakat see under Charity.
Zamzam 14:37a; 37:105a
Zaqqum tree of, 17:60, 60c; 37:62, 62a; 44:43
Zerubbabel 17:6a
Zihar 33:4, 4b; 58:14, 1a
Zoroaster Darius a believer in the religion of, 18:83a
Zoroastrians 2:96a

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