Addendum to letter and response
Our original article was: Mirza
Masroor Ahmad’s khutba on the “everlasting”
In reaction to this article, a letter was received from Dr Tahir
Ijaz, U.S.A. See
the letter and the response from Dr Zahid Aziz.
Later an addendum to his letter was sent by Dr Tahir Ijaz.
This is given below, followed by a reply by Dr Zahid Aziz.
Addendum to letter
If you don't mind, I would like to ask a question as well. Consider
it a "P.S" (addendum) to my original letter.
I would like to know when you are expecting the next mujaddid at
the latest (give me a range). The Promised Messiah died in 1908
and we are approaching 100 years now. The 15th century A.H started
in 1980. From my calculations, the mujaddids of the past have been
departing from this world every 90 years or so, range being 55-138
years. The latter number was the difference in time between the
death of Mujaddid Alif Sani (Sirhindi) in 1624 (11th century mujaddid)
and Hazrat Shah Waliullah Dehlavi's death in 1762 (12th century
Again, I would appreciate the specific time frame for arrival of
the next mujaddid. thanks.
Sorry, one more thing. The Promised Messiah wrote this is "Lecture
Lahore" in 1904:
"Moreover, our Lord, Prophet Muhammad, has also said that at
the turn of every century of the lunar calendar a reformer will
come who would renovate the faith. Now, out of the fourteenth century
of Hijrah [Islamic Era], twenty years have elapsed and the twenty-second
year is passing. Hence, is this not the sign that the promised reformer
has already come?" (From aaiil.org).
The 15th century of Islam, in the solar calendar, started 25 years
ago, more than the time frame mentioned above by the Promised Messiah.
So keeping the above quotation in mind, I ask when should the next
mujaddid be expected.
Dr Tahir Ijaz
Response by Zahid Aziz
Our belief that mujaddids will continue to come is based
on the well-know hadith which has been mentioned by Hazrat Mirza
Ghulam Ahmad many times and he has emphasized the importance and
the continuity of the coming of mujaddids, as shown below.
1. In Shahadat-ul-Quran itself (the book under discussion
in my article), Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad wrote regarding the sending
of mujaddids by God that: “God will continue to
do this forever, as long as He pleases that the signs of righteousness
and reform remain in the world.” (Ruhani Khazain,
v. 6, p. 342)
2. In a talk on 14th May 1900 he said that the Quran has referred
to: the permanent institution of mujaddids and the
sent ones, which will continue till the Day of Judgment.
(Malfuzat, v. 2, p. 63)
3. In a talk on 31st August 1901, he referred to the coming of
mujaddids as a most important and magnificent affair,
not something of my own devising, but what God Almighty has established
and said that: “The arrangement for sending mujaddids
is in accordance with that promise of God which He revealed in the
words: Surely We have revealed the Reminder and We are ever its
Guardian. (Malfuzat, v. 4, p. 2)
4. Answering a visitor’s questions on 14th February 1903
he said regarding the hadith about mujaddids: “I believe
this hadith to be true, and to be true on the basis of the Holy
Quran … God has told me that this hadith is true and the Holy
Quran confirms it.” (Malfizat, v. 5, p. 102)
5. On 29 September 1905 Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was asked directly:
“Will a mujaddid come after you?” He replied:
“What is wrong with a mujaddid coming after me?
The prophethood of Moses had come to an end, and that is why his
chain of successors ended with Jesus. However, the dispensation
of the Holy Prophet Muhammad will last till the Day of Judgment.
Therefore, mujaddids will arise in it till Judgment
Day.” (Malfuzat, v. 8, p.119)
In reference (4) above, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad also answers
the objection that “if a mujaddid comes in every century
then tell us the names of the mujaddids of the previous centuries”.
“My answer is that, firstly, it is not my work to give
the names of those mujaddids. Put this question to the
Holy Prophet Muhammad who said that a mujaddid comes
in every century. This hadith has been accepted by all the great
figures of this Umma … It is in the books of Hadith
that are in existence. No one ever removed it or said that it
should be excluded. So why is a list [of names of mujaddids]
demanded from me?” (Malfuzat, v. 5, p. 100-101).
We may give a similar response when we are asked: when is the
next mujaddid going to come? It is the Holy Prophet Muhammad
who has taught the coming of mujaddids, and the Promised
Messiah has strongly upheld that teaching, repeatedly saying that
mujaddids will come till the Day of Judgment. Why is it then
solely our responsibility to answer when the next mujaddid
will come? Surely all those accept the Promised Messiah have the
responsibility to say where they stand on the above quotations.
It is Allah Who appoints mujaddids and He will send one
at the time of His choosing. We as humans can only make conjectures
as to when and how such a man will appear.
The following points may be relevant. Firstly, the two mujaddids
preceding Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (Shah Waliullah and Sayyid Ahmad
Barelvi) were born during the century of which they were mujaddids.
The same may apply to this 15th century. Secondly, after the demise
of the greatest mujaddid there may be a longer lapse of time
before another mujaddid appears. Thirdly, the Promised Messiah
has called himself Dhul Qarnain, or the man of two centuries,
and perhaps the 14th and 15th centuries might be those two centuries,
and exceptionally he may be mujaddid for these two centuries.
This third point was put forward by the late Hazrat Ameer Professor
Dr. Asghar Hameed (d. 2002), the last Head of the Lahore Ahmadiyya
Regarding the quotation from Lecture
twenty years have elapsed
this not the sign that the promised reformer has already come),
the context shows that this is one of the conditions of the
truth of his claim which he has fulfilled. He has certainly not
written that merely because twenty years have elapsed of
the hijra century therefore his claim must be true. The first
condition which he says he fulfils is my coming in time of
need when it was required to patch-up Muslim inter-sectarian
disputes and defend Islam against external attacks and re-establish
and bring back the lost spiritual consciousness in the world.
The teachings and presentation of Islam he gave in order to meet
those needs are still just as relevant as then, possibly even more
relevant. (For example, reading his book The British Government
and Jihad containing his analysis of violence in the
name of Islam by extremists and his solutions, it seems as if he
is talking about todays circumstances.) While his work still
needs to be carried forward in the world by us, it is not time for
another nujaddid to be sent.
And Allah knows best.