The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement Blog


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Archive for the ‘Ahmadiyya issues’ Category

Comment from a sympathiser

Tuesday, September 10th, 2019

I received the following e-mail from someone who had earlier asked me a question about a different point.


“I want to tell you something about myself. In the previous year, I became addicted to Islam after watching the lectures of Dr Zakir Naik. He is also a preacher of peace like you. You know, one of the things he preaches is that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has been foretold in the Hindu scriptures & many Hindu people have become Muslims around the world after watching this. In our country, Bangladesh, almost 90% of the people are Muslims. It was very amazing for us hearing that Prophet Muhammmad (pbuh) has been foretold in the Hindu scriptures!!! Hindus(!), who are Idol-Worshippers!

As I’m a tiny researcher, I started to find out who is that person to discover this amazing prophecies. Then I found the book “Muhammad in World Scriptures” by Maulana Abdul Haque Vidyarthi & realized by reading this book that Dr Zakir Naik has prepared his talks in this subject based upon this book. But one thing for which I became scared is that Maulana was a follower of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib. For this reason, I stopped researching about him. Because, in our country, almost every Muslims are Sunnis (Hanafis); Ahl-i-Hadith movement is a growing and very powerful movement here from the last few years. They all have declared Qadianis as Kafir, and have said that one who doesn’t consider them Kafir, is also a Kafir. The reason, everyone has given for this clear declaration is that, “Qadiyanis deny the finality of Prophethood”. There are a few Qadiyanis in our country. One of the differences between you and them, which I’ve found after researching, is that they hate the entire Muslim Ummah, but you don’t. (I don’t know what is actually in your mind. But I’ve found it in your writings.) Then, after a long time, I started to research about comparative religion, sects of Islam, etc. & before a few months ago, I started to research about Qadiyanis. I found that they are devided…& from your websites, I have realized that Qadiyanis and others have false belief that Mirza Sahib claimed to be a Prophet.

Now, in one of your articles, I’ve found that you have written about Dr Zakir Naik, “…he must acknowledge the source. … with no mention of the earlier work.” So, you were criticizing him for not mentioning the source. I think he didn’t mention the source, because Maulana belonged to a very very controversial community. If he would mention the source, then the ordinary Muslims and the Scholars might become angry towards him or rejecting him totally because of preparing his talks based on a book, that the writer is a follower of Mirza Sahib! You can easily imagine the consequence. So, I think, you should give thank to him from your heart for preaching from Maulana’s book. Because, I consider you, after researching, not a caller to your community, but caller to Islam. (This, I’ve understood from your books.) By him, your Maulana’s writings have reached to all parts of the world through “Peace TV”. These lectures are still can be seen through “Peace TV” app from all parts of the world. So, I think, for this reason, you must thank him and pray for him from your heart.”


My writing which he refers to in his last paragraph is at this link.

1. It is a sad situation that the Muslim public is happy to accept the same knowledge from one person, because they approve of him, but they will hotly reject exactly the same knowledge if it comes from another person whom they don’t like. What matters in their eyes is who is saying it, and not what is being said! If that is their standard of judgment of right and wrong, then surely this is a grave and most serious flaw in their behaviour. It ought to be corrected, not encouraged.

2. Our sympathiser says that if Dr Naik mentioned his source, Muslims would turn against him. But it is also possible that some Muslims might say: “If followers of Mirza sahib have done such work for spreading Islam, then perhaps he was not a kafir!”

If you hide from people the true fact that Mirza sahib’s followers served Islam, then you are encouraging them in their false belief that he was a kafir and enemy of Islam. Hiding the truth from people, while you know the truth, is severely condemned in the Quran.

3. Dr Zakir Naik often quotes the opinions of famous non-Muslims (like George Bernard Shaw etc.) who have praised Islam or the Holy Prophet. This doesn’t make his audience think that he is in secret league with non-Muslims! If he mentioned that he is quoting an Ahmadi researcher, why should people think that he is secretly an Ahmadi?

4. Our sympathiser says that I should thank Dr Zakir Naik. But if I thank Dr Naik in public and say, “Thank you for making Maulana Abdul Haq Vidyarthi’s writings reach a wider audience”, this will only disclose to people that Dr Naik took all this knowledge from the Maulana, and it is not his own. This is exactly what he does not want people to know!

5. Dr Zakir Naik has not merely broadcast the Maulana’s research to the world, he has made a name for himself and achieved fame by claiming it as his own work. Is this justified anywhere in Islamic teachings?

— Zahid Aziz

Message from a Muslim in Portugal

Saturday, December 8th, 2018

A message was received at one of our websites on 5 December 2018 from a Muslim brother in Portugal, which we reproduce below with his permission.


I am a Twelver Shia Sufi Muslim. I am also an Islamic scholar and researcher of Islam and its sciences. I am also a researcher of Christianity, Hinduism, world history, international politics, and Neoplatonic Philosophy.

But I am first and foremost a Muslim, a true monotheist, and I do not ascribe partners to Allah Ta’ala.

And my sole authority is the Holy Quran, though I accept those Hadeeth attributed to Prophet Muhammad that match with the Book of Allah, Subhana-hu wa Ta’ala.

Now, the purpose of this letter is just to salute you and commend you. I consider you as 100% Muslims and it would be an honour to perform Salah behind an Imam of yours and to eat meat slaughtered by you.

I know with some degree of certainty the differences between your Movement, the Lahore Ahmadiyyah Movement (LAM), and the Ahmadiyyah Muslim Community (AMC).

You believe, like the Sunnis and the Shias, that Muhammad (saw) is the last Prophet sent by Allah Tabarak wa Ta’ala to all Mankind and so you belong to Mainstream Islam.

Regarding the AMC, they believe that Muhammad (saw) is the final Law-giving Prophet, the final major Prophet and the final Messenger. But they believe in the possibility of very small prophets belonging from the Muslim Ummah, who are totally submitted to the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. These very small prophets they call “Ummati Nabi”.

Though I reject the AMC’s concept of “Ummati Nabi”, I also consider them as Muslims, and I would have no problem to pray behind them and to eat the meat they slaughter.

My justification for accepting the AMC as Muslims is the following:

If we were to consider the AMC as non-Muslims because they believe in the false concept of “Ummati Nabi”, then we would have to consider the Wahhabis as apostates and mushrik because they wrongly ascribe to Almighty Allah, hands, feet, face, and so on, while Allah is neither matter nor spirit, being totally transcendent, transcending even His Holy Names.

But I consider the Wahhabis as Muslims and I even pray behind them and eat the meat they slaughter, although here in Portugal the Wahhabi Community is almost non-existent.

The problem of nowadays Muslims is that they do not respect the minor differences each Muslim group has! Respecting these minor differences does not mean that one has to agree with these differences! One may disagree with them but we must respect them. And this has to be done peacefully.

I have some beliefs that are shared with you, and I have some beliefs which you may not share with me. These are:

— The correct punishment for Zina is 100 lashes, as prescribed by Surah An-Nur. In Islam, there was not, there is not, and there will never be, stoning to death.

— The Arabic Quran we have, including the zabar, zer, pesh, is the same Arabic Quran Prophet Muhammad left. This is clearly stated in Surah 75. Rasul-ullah (saw) left the Arabic Quran we have now, in written form, many months before his demise. So I dismiss completely those false theories that say that it was first Abu Bakr and then Uthman who collected the Quran! Prophet Muhammad wrote himself the Arabic Quran we have now under the guidance of Angel Gabriel (as), and he had a committee of scribes who, under the Prophet’s instructions, also wrote the Quran. Whenever Gabriel (as) brought a new revelation, he (as) would tell the Prophet (saw) where should it be placed in the written Quran. And when the revelation of the Quran ended, Gabriel (as) taught Muhammad (saw) the proper compilation of the Quran. So, one or two years before the demise of Muhammad (saw), the Arabic Quran was already in official written form. Narrations tell us that Prophet Muhammad placed one copy of the written Quran in his Masjid, so every Muslim could copy from it.

— The Holy Quran was revealed in the Arabic Language. Allah Tabarak wa Ta’ala explained in detail in the Holy Quran why He, the Only Reality, revealed His Book in Arabic. Our Master Muhammad (saw) knew only this language, and prior to the revelation, he could neither read nor write. But the purpose of the Holy Quran is for It to be properly translated into the languages of the world, so both Arabs and non-Arabs can have equal access to the Book of Allah Ta’ala. One who reads the Arabic Quran, without understanding Arabic, is performing a very good deed because he is reading the Word of Allah Ta’ala. But one who reads a good translation of the Holy Quran in one’s mother tongue is performing by far a more valuable deed than the one who reads in Arabic without understanding it. Because the purpose of the Quran is to be a message to all Mankind and Jinn. And in order for the Quran to reach all Mankind, it has to be properly translated. Muhammad (saw) himself gave the example when, after the Quran was complete, he ordered Salman Farsi to translate the whole Quran to Persian. Salman did so and Rasul-ullah (saw) approved his translation. During Islamic history, many Awliya-allah supported the reading of the translation of the Quran in one’s mother tongue. Some of them are Rumi, Shah Waliullah Dehlavi and Allama Iqbal.

Now, I would like to know what is your view on Tasawwuf and on Wahdatal Wujud.

I end this letter by saying that this is a letter of support for your group even though we have minor differences of opinion.

Sufi Riaz Ali Carmali.

Centenary of the end of the First World War

Monday, October 29th, 2018
The centenary of the end of the First World War is being marked this November in various countries, principally in the UK.
 
In 2014, when the centenary of its start was being commemorated, I compiled an article, referring to a prophecy of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad which he wrote in a poem in 1905. I have revised that article, and it is at this link.
 
I hope it is of interest and relevance at the present time.
 
— Zahid Aziz

Book ‘Islam Our Choice’: the full edition vis-a-vis the “abridged” edition in general circulation

Friday, September 21st, 2018

At this link of the Woking Muslim Mission history website, I have uploaded both of these editions and brought out a certain point for comparison.

— Zahid Aziz

Lahore Ahmadiyya Community and coming of Mujaddids

Tuesday, July 31st, 2018

Abdul Bashir has submitted the following for this blog:

Lahore Ahmadiyya Community Admits a Mujaddid for the 15th Century will not come

https://youtu.be/4BJDTJK7m_k?t=13m35s

Transcription:

And I would say that for as long that as our Jamaat continues to look at its self, and others and carries on, this, system of reform that Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad the Promised Messiah has setup.  Perhaps that there is maybe no need for a Mujaddid to come, because reform is being done

Qadianis claim that court in Malaysia declared them as Muslims, when in fact they said to court: We are non-Muslims!

Friday, July 6th, 2018

Today, 6th July 2018, Qadianis are claiming that a court in Malaysia has declared them as Muslim. See, for example, the facebook page Faizan e Ahmadiyyat.

Yet if you look at the link to a Malaysian newspaper given on the above facebook page, the news report says:

Thirty-nine members of the sect had challenged JAIS [Selangor Islamic Religious Department] for trying to charge them with shariah offences, on the basis that Islamic authorities in Selangor do not recognise Ahmadiah Muslims as Muslims.

The court ruled that the Selangor Islamic religious authorities have no jurisdiction over Ahmadi Muslims in the state.

In his submission previously, Paiva [lawyer for the Qadianis] said the community should be allowed to practise their faith since they were not considered Muslims by Selangor.

He said Jais could not attempt to charge the community with shariah offences when they had refused to recognise the Muslim sect as adherents.

“On the one hand, you say they are not Muslims; on the other hand, you are arresting them and taking them to the Shariah Court to face charges,” Paiva said.

So what happened was that the Qadianis went to court against the Selangor Islamic authorities saying: You can't charge us with committing offences against Islamic Shariah because you consider us as non-Muslims.

In another Malaysian newspaper the report begins:

KUALA LUMPUR, July 6 ― The Shah Alam High Court decided today that the Shariah Court has no jurisdiction over members of the Ahmadiyya community, as the Selangor Islamic Religious Department (Jais) has refused to recognise the Muslim sect as adherents.

What it means is that if a Qadiani commits an act which is an offence in Islamic Shariah (though not against the secular law of the land), he cannot be charged by the Islamic authorities because the jurisdiction of these authorities is limited only to Muslims!

— Zahid Aziz

Lecture in 1898 by Maulvi Abdul Karim of Sialkot on claims and work of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

Sunday, June 17th, 2018

In the year 1900, when the Urdu book Sīrat Masīḥ Mau‛ūd (Character and example of the Promised Messiah) by Maulvi Abdul Karim of Sialkot was published, after covering the topic of the title, the book included the text of a public lecture given by the author in 1898 on the subject: 'What reform work has been carried out by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad'.

This section of almost 70 pages is well worth reading. Therefore I have made it available at this link.

— Zahid Aziz

Comments by an academic researcher in the USA

Tuesday, April 3rd, 2018

An academic researcher at a prestigious USA university writes to me praising the quality of the book 'A Mighty Striving'. She says:

"The book "A Mighty Striving" is very well done, the prose is flawless and flowing, and I like the combination of original source material with a narrative that is both descriptive and analytical."

This book is the English translation of Mujahid-i Kabir done by my late mother Mrs Akhtar Aziz and myself, with supplementary material and extra references added by me. The book Mujahid-i Kabir is the biography of Maulana Muhammad Ali in Urdu.

The researcher's topic is the history of the Anjuman Himayat-i Islam, a mainstream Muslim association founded in Lahore in the 1880s. The researcher comments as follows:

"The Anjuman-i Himayat-i Islam's relationship with the Ahmadiyya is very interesting, because it seemed to have changed much over time. In the beginning, there were close ties between both organizations, I think. As you probably know, Khalifah Hamid ad-Din was one of the founders of the Anjuman, and his son Khalifah Rashid ad-Din converted to the Ahmadiyya. His daughter Rashida married Mirza Mahmud Ahmad. In 1890, the Himayat-i Islam also published Ibtal uluhiyyat-i Masih by Nur ad-Din, with the permission of the author and for the "benefit of the people of Islam", as it says on the title page. It also publicly endorsed other Ahmadi writings in its monthly Risalah. In the 1890s, as you know, Khwaja Kamal ad-Din and Muhammad Ali taught at Islamia College.

I wonder though when the relationship changed, and why? There must have been a lot of interaction between the Ahmadiyya Anjuman in Lahore and the Himayat-i Islam, because since 1914, Islamia College and the Ahmadiyya Buildings were on the same street. Also, how does one explain the role of Muhammad Iqbal? He still had a positive attitude towards members of the Lahore group, such as Khwaja Kamal ad-Din in 1911 and even after that. Why did he change his position later on and attack the community?"

I may add that these are questions explored by real and proper acedemic researchers, who carry out serious, objective study. They are at the opposite end of the spectrum from bigots of little knowledge and no reasoning capability who seek the approbation of the common crowd.

Reply about a speech by Hazrat Maulana Nur-ud-Din made at Lahore in 1912

Thursday, March 22nd, 2018

The following has been submitted by Hussun Ahmad.


In the same speech of 1912 he [Hazrat Maulana Nur-ud-Din] also says:

The descendants and close relatives of Hadrat Mirza Sahib are all devoted to me. I tell you truly that there is not one of you who obeys me as do my dear ones Mahmud, Bashir and Sharif, and as do Mir Nasir Nawab and Nawab Muhammad ‘Ali Khan. I do not affirm this to please them, but state it as a fact that they love me out of the desire to win the pleasure of God. I have heard the Ummul Mu’minin affirm a score of times that she deems herself my servant. Miyan Mahmud is grown up, he will tell you that he obeys me sincerely. A critic might say that he does not obey me sincerely, but I know for certain that he is truly, obedient to me, more than any one of you. All the members of Hadrat Mirza Sahib’s family obey me as ‘Alira, Fatima and ‘Abbas obeyed Abu Bakr even more so. Every one of them is so devoted to me that I cannot conceive any of them entertaining a wrong notion about me.

This speech also is interesting about the question of non Ahmadis. I was wondering if i could have the Lahore Jamaat interpretation of this?

Another question on which you differ and raise contentions is: What is the status of our opponents? Now listen carefully. The Word of God has expounded the principles with regard to the acceptance and rejection of a Prophet.

Whenever a Prophet has appeared there has been no difficulty with regard to the classification of those who believe in him and those who disbelieve. Casuistry apart, God Almighty has set forth clearly the principles of disbelief, faith and association of partners with Allah. There have been Prophets in the past. In each case there were those who believed and those who disbelieved. Have you had any doubt concerning them; and have you had any problem about the classification of those who did not believe in them? You have been told of the principles of belief and disbelief.

Hadrat Mirza Sahib (as) was a Messenger of God. Had he not applied the term Prophet to himself, he would have been guilty of rejecting the Hadith narrated in the compilation of Muslim in which the one who was to come was named a Prophet. The question of believing in him or rejecting him is clear. If one who rejects him professes to be a Muslim he is that much closer to you, as the Christians are closer to you than the Jews. In the same way the Muslims who reject Hadrat Mirza Sahib can be closer to us than the others.

Allegation against Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of so-called “misquoting” of the Quran

Tuesday, December 12th, 2017

This post is in further reference to the first part of my post of 2015 at this link, where I replied to the allegation that what Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad quoted as a verse of the Quran "does not exist".

There is a hadith in Sahih Bukhari, reported by Anas, whose translation by Muhsin Khan begins as follows:

Zaid bin Haritha came to the Prophet (ﷺ) complaining about his wife. The Prophet (ﷺ) kept on saying (to him), "Be afraid of Allah and keep your wife." Aisha said, "If Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) were to conceal anything (of the Qur'an) he would have concealed this Verse."

(See this link for the translation as well as the original Arabic.)

Does the statement given in this hadith, "Be afraid of Allah and keep your wife" (اتَّقِ اللَّهَ، وَأَمْسِكْ عَلَيْكَ زَوْجَكَ‏), occur anywhere in the Quran? According to the criterion applied to Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad's writings by his opponents, no such verse exists in the Quran which contains this statement.

Of course, what this hadith is referring to is the verse 33:37 which contains the statement: "Keep your wife and be afraid of Allah" (اَمۡسِکۡ عَلَیۡکَ زَوۡجَکَ وَ اتَّقِ اللّٰہَ).

No one with any sense of fairness or having the least commonsense would say that there is any material difference between the statement as quoted in this hadith and the same statement as it occurs in the Quran.

Will our opponents allege that someone in this hadith has quoted a verse "which does not exist"? Will our opponents say, absurdly, that the Holy Prophet had actually uttered the words to Zaid "Be afraid of Allah and keep your wife", but Allah when revealing the Quran misquoted the Holy Prophet and wrongly stated that the Prophet had said: "Keep your wife and be afraid of Allah"?

It is our opponents who now need to answer these questions.


However, to introduce a little commonsense into the matter, please read below.

The Life of Muhammad is the English translation of a voluminous Arabic biography of the Holy Prophet by the late Muhammad Husein Haykal of Egypt, one of the greatest writers of modern Arabic literature, and a renowned novelist, politician and journalist. The translation was done by Ismail Ragi Al -Faruqui, a reputable scholar of Islam.

The following passage occurs in this translation:

'The eternal truth is that man does not fulfil his iman until he has desired for his fellow man that which he has loved for himself, and has acted and lived in accordance with the principle, "The worthier among you in the sight of God is the more pious, the more virtuous … Work and realize the good, for God will reckon your achievement" and you will be given exactly what you have earned.'

(Bolding is mine. Chapter Conclusion in two Essays, Essay II, p. 569. Edition published by Shorouk International of London and Cairo, 1983)

Referring to the quotation in this extract (which I gave in bold text above), the translator has added a note at this point which is as follows:

"Qur'an, 49:13; 4:106. The author does not quote these words in the manner proper to Quranic words, but uses them as his own — a perfectly permissive literary feature in Arabic. The last part of the sentence not included within quotation marks sounds Quranic in construction and phrasing, but it is not of the Qur'an. — Translator."

(Notes and References, note 15 of Essay II, p. 611).

Shown below is a screenshot of this passage from the version of this book at www.archive.org (see link):

(In my printed edition, the translator's footnotes occur as endnotes at the end of the book, and not inserted within the text in red colour as in the pdf edition above.)

Haykal has given a quotation consisting of three segments beginning respectively as follows: (1) The worthier among you… (2) Work and realize the good… (3) and you will be given …

The translator says in his note that (1) and (2) are from the Quran, taken from 49:13 and 4:106, and that (3) is not from Quran although it sounds Quranic. He says that the author is using the words of the Quran "as his own", which is "a perfectly permissive literary feature in Arabic". This is a sufficient answer to those opponents who pick out a few places from the writings of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to allege, without any justification, that he has misquoted the Quran.

I may add here the following observation, as an aside, and not related to my main point.

Firstly, the translator has made an error in giving reference to 4:106. The verse of the Quran corresponding to the words "Work and realize the good, for God will reckon your achievement" is, in fact, 9:105.

Secondly, as regards segment (3) of Haykal's quotation ("and you will be given…"), I have looked up Haykal's original Arabic book and display from it below the image of the relevant text (this book is also available at www.archive.org and the text below is on p. 558-559):

Haykal's words in Arabic are: Wa lā tujzauna illā mā kuntum taksibūn.

I think this is a mixing of 36:54: Wa lā tujzauna illā mā kuntum ta‛lamūn ("you are only recompensed for what you did").

with 10:52: Hal tujzauna illā bi-mā kuntum taksibūn ("you are only recompensed for what you earned").

It is perfectly legitimate to say that, in this final case too, Haykal is quoting from the Quran, even though he has substituted a word from 10:52 into 36:54.